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2 Samuel 11:1

Context
David Commits Adultery with Bathsheba

11:1 In the spring of the year, at the time when kings 1  normally conduct wars, 2  David sent out Joab with his officers 3  and the entire Israelite army. 4  They defeated the Ammonites and besieged Rabbah. But David stayed behind in Jerusalem. 5 

1 tc Codex Leningrad (B19A), on which BHS is based, has here “messengers” (הַמַּלְאכִים, hammalkhim), probably as the result of contamination from the occurrence of that word in v. 4. The present translation follows most Hebrew mss and the ancient versions, which read “kings” (הַמֶּלָאכִים, hammelakim).

2 tn Heb “go out.”

3 tn Heb “and his servants with him.”

4 tn Heb “all Israel.”

5 tn The disjunctive clause contrasts David’s inactivity with the army’s activity.

map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.



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