25:4 The enemy broke through the city walls, 1 and all the soldiers tried to escape. They left the city during the night. 2 They went through the gate between the two walls that is near the king’s garden. 3 (The Babylonians were all around the city.) Then they headed for the Jordan Valley. 4 25:5 But the Babylonian army chased after the king. They caught up with him in the plains of Jericho, 5 and his entire army deserted him. 25:6 They captured the king and brought him up to the king of Babylon at Riblah, 6 where he 7 passed sentence on him. 25:7 Zedekiah’s sons were executed while Zedekiah was forced to watch. 8 The king of Babylon 9 then had Zedekiah’s eyes put out, bound him in bronze chains, and carried him off to Babylon.
2 Kings 25:18-21Context
25:18 The captain of the royal guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah, the priest who was second in rank, and the three doorkeepers. 25:19 From the city he took a eunuch who was in charge of the soldiers, five 10 of the king’s advisers 11 who were discovered in the city, an official army secretary who drafted citizens 12 for military service, and sixty citizens from the people of the land who were discovered in the city. 25:20 Nebuzaradan, captain of the royal guard, took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. 25:21 The king of Babylon ordered them to be executed 13 at Riblah in the territory 14 of Hamath. So Judah was deported from its land.
1 tn Heb “the city was breached.”
2 tn The Hebrew text is abrupt here: “And all the men of war by the night.” The translation attempts to capture the sense.
3 sn The king’s garden is mentioned again in Neh 3:15 in conjunction with the pool of Siloam and the stairs that go down from the city of David. This would have been in the southern part of the city near the Tyropean Valley which agrees with the reference to the “two walls” which were probably the walls on the eastern and western hills.
4 sn Heb “toward the Arabah.” The Arabah was the rift valley north and south of the Dead Sea. Here the intention was undoubtedly to escape across the Jordan to Moab or Ammon. It appears from Jer 40:14; 41:15 that the Ammonites were known to harbor fugitives from the Babylonians.
6 sn Riblah was a strategic town on the Orontes River in Syria. It was at a crossing of the major roads between Egypt and Mesopotamia. Pharaoh Necho had earlier received Jehoahaz there and put him in chains (2 Kgs 23:33) prior to taking him captive to Egypt. Nebuchadnezzar had set up his base camp for conducting his campaigns against the Palestinian states there and was now sitting in judgment on prisoners brought to him.
8 tn Heb “were killed before his eyes.”
9 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the king of Babylon) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
11 tn Heb “five seers of the king’s face.”
12 tn Heb “the people of the land.”
13 tn Heb “struck them down and killed them.”
14 tn Heb “land.”