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2 Kings 23:1-4

The King Institutes Religious Reform

23:1 The king summoned all the leaders of Judah and Jerusalem. 1  23:2 The king went up to the Lord’s temple, accompanied by all the people of Judah, all the residents of Jerusalem, the priests, and the prophets. All the people were there, from the youngest to the oldest. He read aloud 2  all the words of the scroll of the covenant that had been discovered in the Lord’s temple. 23:3 The king stood by the pillar and renewed 3  the covenant before the Lord, agreeing to follow 4  the Lord and to obey his commandments, laws, and rules with all his heart and being, 5  by carrying out the terms 6  of this covenant recorded on this scroll. All the people agreed to keep the covenant. 7 

23:4 The king ordered Hilkiah the high priest, the high-ranking priests, 8  and the guards 9  to bring out of the Lord’s temple all the items that were used in the worship of 10  Baal, Asherah, and all the stars of the sky. 11  The king 12  burned them outside of Jerusalem in the terraces 13  of Kidron, and carried their ashes to Bethel. 14 

1 tn Heb “and the king sent and all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem gathered to him.”

map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

2 tn Heb “read in their ears.”

3 tn Heb “cut,” that is, “made, agreed to.”

4 tn Heb “walk after.”

5 tn Or “soul.”

6 tn Heb “words.”

7 tn Heb “stood in the covenant.”

8 tn Heb “the priests of the second [rank],” that is, those ranked just beneath Hilkiah.

9 tn Or “doorkeepers.”

10 tn Heb “for.”

11 tn Heb “all the host of heaven” (also in v. 5).

12 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the king) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

13 tn Or “fields.” For a defense of the translation “terraces,” see M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 285.

14 map For location see Map4 G4; Map5 C1; Map6 E3; Map7 D1; Map8 G3.

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