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2 Kings 11:21--12:21

Context
Joash’s Reign over Judah

11:21 (12:1) 1  Jehoash 2  was seven years old when he began to reign. 12:1 (12:2) In Jehu’s seventh year Jehoash became king; he reigned for forty years in Jerusalem. 3  His mother was Zibiah, who was from Beer Sheba. 12:2 Throughout his lifetime Jehoash did what the Lord approved, 4  just as 5  Jehoiada the priest taught him. 12:3 But the high places were not eliminated; the people continued to offer sacrifices and burn incense on the high places.

12:4 Jehoash said to the priests, “I place at your disposal 6  all the consecrated silver that has been brought to the Lord’s temple, including the silver collected from the census tax, 7  the silver received from those who have made vows, 8  and all the silver that people have voluntarily contributed to the Lord’s temple. 9  12:5 The priests should receive the silver they need from the treasurers and repair any damage to the temple they discover.” 10 

12:6 By the twenty-third year of King Jehoash’s reign the priests had still not repaired the damage to the temple. 12:7 So King Jehoash summoned Jehoiada the priest along with the other priests, and said to them, “Why have you not repaired the damage to the temple? Now, take no more silver from your treasurers unless you intend to use it to repair the damage.” 11  12:8 The priests agreed 12  not to collect silver from the people and relieved themselves of personal responsibility for the temple repairs. 13 

12:9 Jehoiada the priest took a chest and drilled a hole in its lid. He placed it on the right side of the altar near the entrance of 14  the Lord’s temple. The priests who guarded the entrance would put into it all the silver brought to the Lord’s temple. 12:10 When they saw the chest was full of silver, the royal secretary 15  and the high priest counted the silver that had been brought to the Lord’s temple and bagged it up. 16  12:11 They would then hand over 17  the silver that had been weighed to the construction foremen 18  assigned to the Lord’s temple. They hired carpenters and builders to work on the Lord’s temple, 12:12 as well as masons and stonecutters. They bought wood and chiseled stone to repair the damage to the Lord’s temple and also paid for all the other expenses. 19  12:13 The silver brought to the Lord’s temple was not used for silver bowls, trimming shears, basins, trumpets, or any kind of gold or silver implements. 12:14 It was handed over 20  to the foremen who used it to repair the Lord’s temple. 12:15 They did not audit the treasurers who disbursed 21  the funds to the foremen, for they were honest. 22  12:16 (The silver collected in conjunction with reparation offerings and sin offerings was not brought to the Lord’s temple; it belonged to the priests.)

12:17 At that time King Hazael of Syria attacked 23  Gath and captured it. Hazael then decided to attack Jerusalem. 24  12:18 King Jehoash of Judah collected all the sacred items that his ancestors Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, and Ahaziah, kings of Judah, had consecrated, as well as his own sacred items and all the gold that could be found in the treasuries of the Lord’s temple and the royal palace. He sent it all 25  to King Hazael of Syria, who then withdrew 26  from Jerusalem.

12:19 The rest of the events of Joash’s reign, including all his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah. 27  12:20 His servants conspired against him 28  and murdered Joash at Beth-Millo, on the road that goes down to Silla. 29  12:21 His servants Jozabad son of Shimeath and Jehozabad son of Shomer murdered him. 30  He was buried 31  with his ancestors in the city of David. His son Amaziah replaced him as king.

1 sn Beginning with 11:21, the verse numbers through 12:21 in the English Bible differ from the verse numbers in the Hebrew text (BHS), with 11:21 ET = 12:1 HT, 12:1 ET = 12:2 HT, 12:2 ET = 12:3 HT, etc., through 12:21 ET = 12:22 HT. With 13:1 the verse numbers in the ET and HT are again the same.

2 tn Jehoash is an alternate name for Joash (see 11:2).

3 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

4 tn Heb “and Jehoash did what was proper in the eyes of the Lord all his days.”

5 tn Heb “that which.” Jehoiada taught the king the Lord’s will.

6 tn The words “I place at your disposal” are added in the translation for clarification.

7 tn Heb “the silver of passing over a man.” The precise meaning of the phrase is debated, but עָבַר (’avar), “pass over,” probably refers here to counting, suggesting the reference is to a census conducted for taxation purposes. See M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 137.

8 tn Heb “the silver of persons, his valuation.” The precise meaning of the phrase is uncertain, but parallels in Lev 27 suggest that personal vows are referred to here. See M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 137.

9 tn Heb “all the silver which goes up on the heart of a man to bring to the house of the Lord.”

10 tn Heb “Let the priests take for themselves, each from his treasurer, and let them repair the damage of the temple, with respect to all the damage that is found there.” The word מַכָּר (makar), translated here “treasurer,” occurs only in this passage. Some suggest it means “merchant” or “benefactor.” Its usage in Ugaritic texts, where it appears in a list of temple officials, suggests that it refers in this context to individuals who were in charge of disbursing temple funds.

11 tn Heb “Now, do not take silver from your treasurers, because for the damages to the temple you must give it.”

12 tn Outside of this passage the verb אוּת (’ut) appears only in Gen 34:15-22.

13 tn Heb “and not to repair the damages to the temple.” This does not mean that the priests were no longer interested in repairing the temple. As the following context makes clear, the priests decided to hire skilled workers to repair the damage to the temple, rather than trying to make the repairs themselves.

14 tn Heb “on the right side of the altar as a man enters.”

15 tn Heb “the king’s scribe.”

16 tn Heb “went up and tied [it] and counted the silver that was found in the house of the Lord.” The order of the clauses has been rearranged in the translation to make better sense in English, since it seems more logical to count the money before bagging it (cf. NIV, NCV, NRSV, NLT).

17 tn Heb “would give.”

18 tn Heb “doers of the work.”

19 tn Heb “and for all that which was going out concerning the house for repair.”

20 tn Heb “was given.”

21 tn Heb “gave.”

22 tn Heb “and they did not conduct a reckoning of the men who gave the silver into their hand to give to the doers of the work, for in honesty they were working.”

23 tn Heb “went up and fought against.”

24 tn Heb “Hazael set his face to go up against Jerusalem.”

25 tn The object (“it all”) is supplied in the translation for clarification.

26 tn Heb “went up.”

27 tn Heb “As for the rest of the events of Joash, and all which he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah?”

28 tn Heb “rose up and conspired [with] a conspiracy.”

29 tn Heb “Beth Millo which goes down [toward] Silla.”

30 tn Heb “struck him down and he died.”

31 tn Heb “they buried him.”



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