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2 Corinthians 5:9-10

Context
5:9 So then whether we are alive 1  or away, we make it our ambition to please him. 2  5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, 3  so that each one may be paid back according to what he has done while in the body, whether good or evil. 4 

1 tn Grk “whether we are at home” [in the body]; an idiom for being alive (L&N 23.91).

2 tn Grk “to be pleasing to him.”

3 sn The judgment seat (βῆμα, bhma) was a raised platform mounted by steps and sometimes furnished with a seat, used by officials in addressing an assembly or making pronouncements, often on judicial matters. The judgment seat was a common item in Greco-Roman culture, often located in the agora, the public square or marketplace in the center of a city. Use of the term in reference to Christ’s judgment would be familiar to Paul’s 1st century readers.

4 tn Or “whether good or bad.”



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