3:7 But if the ministry that produced death – carved in letters on stone tablets 1 – came with glory, so that the Israelites 2 could not keep their eyes fixed on the face of Moses because of the glory of his face 3 (a glory 4 which was made ineffective), 5 3:8 how much more glorious will the ministry of the Spirit be? 6 3:9 For if there was glory in the ministry that produced condemnation, 7 how much more does the ministry that produces righteousness 8 excel 9 in glory! 3:10 For indeed, what had been glorious now 10 has no glory because of the tremendously greater glory of what replaced it. 11 3:11 For if what was made ineffective 12 came with 13 glory, how much more has what remains 14 come in glory! 3:12 Therefore, since we have such a hope, we behave with great boldness, 15 3:13 and not like Moses who used to put a veil over his face to keep the Israelites 16 from staring 17 at the result 18 of the glory that was made ineffective. 19 3:14 But their minds were closed. 20 For to this very day, the same veil remains when they hear the old covenant read. 21 It has not been removed because only in Christ is it taken away. 22 3:15 But until this very day whenever Moses is read, a veil lies over their minds, 23 3:16 but when one 24 turns to the Lord, the veil is removed. 25 3:17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is present, 26 there is freedom. 3:18 And we all, with unveiled faces reflecting the glory of the Lord, 27 are being transformed into the same image from one degree of glory to another, 28 which is from 29 the Lord, who is the Spirit. 30
2 tn Grk “so that the sons of Israel.”
4 tn The words “a glory” are not in the Greek text, but the reference to “glory” has been repeated from the previous clause for clarity.
5 tn Or “which was transitory.” Traditionally this phrase is translated as “which was fading away.” The verb καταργέω in the corpus Paulinum uniformly has the meaning “to render inoperative, ineffective”; the same nuance is appropriate here. The glory of Moses’ face was rendered ineffective by the veil Moses wore. For discussion of the meaning of this verb in this context, see S. J. Hafemann, Paul, Moses, and the History of Israel (WUNT 81), 301-13. A similar translation has been adopted in the two other occurrences of the verb in this paragraph in vv. 11 and 13.
6 tn Grk “how will not rather the ministry of the Spirit be with glory?”
7 tn Grk “the ministry of condemnation”; translated as an objective genitive, “the ministry that produced condemnation.”
8 tn Grk “the ministry of righteousness”; translated as an objective genitive, “the ministry that produces righteousness.”
9 tn Traditionally, “abound.”
10 tn Grk “in this case.”
11 tn The words “of what replaced it” are not in the Greek text, but have been supplied to clarify the meaning.
13 tn Or “through” (διά, dia).
14 tn Or “what is permanent.”
15 tn Or “we employ great openness of speech.”
16 tn Grk “the sons of Israel.”
17 tn Or “from gazing intently.”
18 tn Or “end.” The word τέλος (telos) can mean both “a point of time marking the end of a duration, end, termination, cessation” and “the goal toward which a movement is being directed, end, goal, outcome” (see BDAG 998-999 s.v.). The translation accepts the interpretation that Moses covered the glory of his face with the veil to prevent Israel from being judged by the glory of God (see S. J. Hafemann, Paul, Moses, and the History of Israel [WUNT 81], 347-62); in this case the latter meaning for τέλος is more appropriate.
20 tn Grk “their minds were hardened.”
21 tn Grk “the same veil remains at the reading of the old covenant”; the phrase “they hear” has been introduced (“when they hear the old covenant read”) to make the link with the “Israelites” (v. 13) whose minds were closed (v. 14a) more obvious to the reader.
22 tn Or “only in Christ is it eliminated.”
23 tn Grk “their heart.”
24 tn Or perhaps “when(ever) he turns,” referring to Moses.
26 tn Grk “where the Spirit of the Lord is”; the word “present” is supplied to specify that the presence of the Lord’s Spirit is emphasized rather than the mere existence of the Lord’s Spirit.
27 tn Or “we all with unveiled faces beholding the glory of the Lord as in a mirror.”
28 tn Grk “from glory to glory.”
29 tn Grk “just as from.”
30 tn Grk “from the Lord, the Spirit”; the genitive πνεύματος (pneumato") has been translated as a genitive of apposition.