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2 Corinthians 1:12-14

Context
Paul Defends His Changed Plans

1:12 For our reason for confidence 1  is this: the testimony of our conscience, that with pure motives 2  and sincerity which are from God 3  – not by human wisdom 4  but by the grace of God – we conducted ourselves in the world, and all the more 5  toward you. 1:13 For we do not write you anything other than what 6  you can read and also understand. But I hope that you will understand completely 7  1:14 just as also you have partly understood us, that we are your source of pride just as you also are ours 8  in the day of the Lord Jesus. 9 

2 Corinthians 10:13-18

Context
10:13 But we will not boast beyond certain limits, 10  but will confine our boasting 11  according to the limits of the work to which God has appointed us, 12  that reaches even as far as you. 10:14 For we were not overextending ourselves, as though we did not reach as far as you, because we were the first to reach as far as you with the gospel about Christ. 13  10:15 Nor do we boast beyond certain limits 14  in the work 15  done by others, but we hope 16  that as your faith continues to grow, our work may be greatly expanded 17  among you according to our limits, 18  10:16 so that we may preach the gospel in the regions that lie beyond you, and not boast of work already done in another person’s area. 10:17 But the one who boasts must boast in the Lord. 19  10:18 For it is not the person who commends himself who is approved, but the person the Lord commends.

1 tn Or “for boasting.”

2 tc Two viable variants exist at this place in the text: ἁγιότητι (Jagiothti, “holiness”) vs. ἁπλότητι (Japlothti, “pure motives”). A confusion of letters could well have produced the variant (TCGNT 507): In uncial script the words would have been written agiothti and aplothti. This, however, does not explain which reading created the other. Overall ἁπλότητι, though largely a Western-Byzantine reading (א2 D F G Ï lat sy), is better suited to the context; it is also a Pauline word while ἁγιότης (Jagioth") is not. It also best explains the rise of the other variants, πραότητι (praothti, “gentleness”) and {σπλάγχνοις} (splancnoi", “compassion”). On the other hand, the external evidence in favor of ἁγιότητι is extremely strong (Ì46 א* A B C K P Ψ 0121 0243 33 81 1739 1881 al co). This diversity of mss provides excellent evidence for authenticity, but because of the internal evidence listed above, ἁπλότητι is to be preferred, albeit only slightly.

tn Or “sincerity.” The two terms translated “pure motives” (ἁπλότης, Japloth") and “sincerity” (εἰλικρίνεια, eilikrineia) are close synonyms.

3 tn Grk “pure motives and sincerity of God.”

4 tn Or “not by worldly wisdom.”

5 tn Or “and especially.”

6 tn Grk “than the things.”

7 tn Grk “to the end,” a Greek idiom for “fully,” “totally,” “completely.”

8 tn Grk “that we are your boast even as you are our boast.”

9 tc ‡ On the wording “the Lord Jesus” (τοῦ κυρίου ᾿Ιησοῦ, tou kuriou Ihsou) there is some variation in the extant witnesses: ἡμῶν (Jhmwn, “our”) is found after κυρίου in several significant witnesses (א B F G P 0121 0243 6 33 81 1739 1881 2464 al lat co); the pronoun is lacking from Ì46vid A C D Ψ Ï. Although in Paul “our Lord Jesus Christ” is a common expression, “our Lord Jesus” is relatively infrequent (cf., e.g., Rom 16:20; 2 Cor 1:14; 1 Thess 2:19; 3:11, 13; 2 Thess 1:8, 12). “The Lord Jesus” occurs about as often as “our Lord Jesus” (cf. 1 Cor 11:23; 16:23; 2 Cor 4:14; 11:31; Eph 1:15; 1 Thess 4:2; 2 Thess 1:7; Phlm 5). Thus, on balance, since scribes would tend to expand on the text, it is probably best to consider the shorter reading as authentic. NA27 places the pronoun in brackets, indicating doubt as to its authenticity.

10 tn Or “boast excessively.” The phrase εἰς τὰ ἄμετρα (ei" ta ametra) is an idiom; literally it means “into that which is not measured,” that is, a point on a scale that goes beyond what might be expected (L&N 78.27).

11 tn The words “will confine our boasting” are not in the Greek text, but the reference to boasting must be repeated from the previous clause to clarify for the modern reader what is being limited.

12 tn Grk “according to the measure of the rule which God has apportioned to us as a measure”; for the translation used in the text see L&N 37.100.

13 tn Grk “with the gospel of Christ,” but since Χριστοῦ (Cristou) is clearly an objective genitive here, it is better to translate “with the gospel about Christ.”

14 tn Or “boast excessively.” The phrase εἰς τὰ ἄμετρα (ei" ta ametra) is an idiom; literally it means “into that which is not measured,” that is, a point on a scale that goes beyond what might be expected (L&N 78.27).

15 tn Or “in the labors.”

16 tn Grk “but we have the hope.”

17 tn Or “greatly enlarged.”

18 tn That is, Paul’s work might be greatly expanded within the area of activity assigned to him by God.

19 tn The traditional translation (“let the one who boasts boast in the Lord”) can be understood as merely permissive by the English reader, but the Greek verb καυχάσθω (kaucasqw) is a third person imperative.

sn A quotation from Jer 9:24 (also quoted in 1 Cor 1:31).



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