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2 Chronicles 3:3-4

Context

3:3 Solomon laid the foundation for God’s temple; 1  its length (determined according to the old standard of measure) was 90 feet, and its width 30 feet. 2  3:4 The porch in front of the main hall was 30 feet long, corresponding to the width of the temple, 3  and its height was 30 feet. 4  He plated the inside with pure gold.

1 tn Heb “and these are the founding of Solomon to build the house of God.”

2 tn Heb “the length [in] cubits by the former measure was sixty cubits, and a width of twenty cubits.” Assuming a length of 18 inches (45 cm) for the standard cubit, the length of the foundation would be 90 feet (27 m) and its width 30 feet (9 m).

3 tc Heb “and the porch which was in front of the length corresponding to the width of the house, twenty cubits.” The phrase הֵיכַל הַבַּיִת (heykhal habbayit, “the main hall of the temple,” which appears in the parallel account in 1 Kgs 6:3) has been accidentally omitted by homoioarcton after עַל־פְּנֵי (’al-pÿney, “in front of”). Note that the following form, הָאֹרֶךְ (haorekh, “the length”), also begins with the Hebrew letter he (ה). A scribe’s eye probably jumped from the initial he on הֵיכַל to the initial he on הָאֹרֶךְ, leaving out the intervening letters in the process.

4 tc The Hebrew text has “one hundred and twenty cubits,” i.e. (assuming a cubit of 18 inches) 180 feet (54 m). An ancient Greek witness and the Syriac version read “twenty cubits,” i.e., 30 feet (9 m). It is likely that מֵאָה (meah, “a hundred”), is a corruption of an original אַמּוֹת (’ammot, “cubits”).



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