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1 Samuel 18:1-4

Context
Saul Comes to Fear David

18:1 When David 1  had finished talking with Saul, Jonathan and David became bound together in close friendship. 2  Jonathan loved David as much as he did his own life. 3  18:2 Saul retained David 4  on that day and did not allow him to return to his father’s house. 18:3 Jonathan made a covenant with David, for he loved him as much as he did his own life. 5  18:4 Jonathan took off the robe he was wearing and gave it to David, along with the rest of his gear, including his sword, his bow, and even his belt.

1 tn Heb “he”; the referent (David) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

2 tn Heb “the soul of Jonathan was bound with the soul of David.”

3 tn Heb “like his [own] soul.”

sn On the nature of Jonathan’s love for David, see J. A. Thompson, “The Significance of the Verb Love in the David-Jonathan Narratives in 1 Samuel,” VT 24 (1974): 334-38.

4 tn Heb “him”; the referent (David) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

5 tn Heb “like his [own] soul.”



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