15:8 He captured King Agag of the Amalekites alive, but he executed all Agag’s people 1 with the sword.
1 Samuel 15:32Context
1 tn Heb “all the people.” For clarity “Agag’s” has been supplied in the translation.
2 tn The MT reading מַעֲדַנֹּת (ma’adannot, literally, “bonds,” used here adverbially, “in bonds”) is difficult. The word is found only here and in Job 38:31. Part of the problem lies in determining the root of the word. Some scholars have taken it to be from the root ענד (’nd, “to bind around”), but this assumes a metathesis of two of the letters of the root. Others take it from the root עדן (’dn) with the meaning “voluptuously,” but this does not seem to fit the context. It seems better to understand the word to be from the root מעד (m’d, “to totter” or “shake”). In that case it describes the fear that Agag experienced in realizing the mortal danger that he faced as he approached Samuel. This is the way that the LXX translators understood the word, rendering it by the Greek participle τρέμον (tremon, “trembling”).
3 tn Heb “and Agag said.”
4 tc The text is difficult here. With the LXX, two Old Latin