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1 Kings 4:1-7

Context
Solomon’s Royal Court and Administrators

4:1 King Solomon ruled over all Israel. 4:2 These were his officials:

Azariah son of Zadok was the priest.

4:3 Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, wrote down what happened. 1 

Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was in charge of the records.

4:4 Benaiah son of Jehoiada was commander of 2  the army.

Zadok and Abiathar were priests.

4:5 Azariah son of Nathan was supervisor of 3  the district governors.

Zabud son of Nathan was a priest and adviser to 4  the king.

4:6 Ahishar was supervisor of the palace. 5 

Adoniram son of Abda was supervisor of 6  the work crews. 7 

4:7 Solomon had twelve district governors appointed throughout Israel who acquired supplies for the king and his palace. Each was responsible for one month in the year.

1 tn Heb “were scribes”; NASB, NIV, NRSV “secretaries”; TEV, NLT “court secretaries.”

2 tn Heb “was over.”

3 tn Heb “was over.”

4 tn Heb “close associate of”; KJV, ASV, NASB “the king’s friend” (a title for an adviser, not just an acquaintance).

5 tn Heb “over the house.”

6 tn Heb “was over.”

7 sn The work crews. This Hebrew word (מַס, mas) refers to a group of laborers conscripted for royal or public service.



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