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1 Kings 1:1--2:46

Adonijah Tries to Seize the Throne

1:1 King David was very old; 1  even when they covered him with blankets, 2  he could not get warm. 1:2 His servants advised 3  him, “A young virgin must be found for our master, the king, 4  to take care of the king’s needs 5  and serve as his nurse. She can also sleep with you 6  and keep our master, the king, warm.” 7  1:3 So they looked through all Israel 8  for a beautiful young woman and found Abishag, a Shunammite, and brought her to the king. 1:4 The young woman was very beautiful; she became the king’s nurse and served him, but the king did not have sexual relations with her. 9 

1:5 Now Adonijah, son of David and Haggith, 10  was promoting himself, 11  boasting, 12  “I will be king!” He managed to acquire 13  chariots and horsemen, as well as fifty men to serve as his royal guard. 14  1:6 (Now his father had never corrected 15  him 16  by saying, “Why do you do such things?” He was also very handsome and had been born right after Absalom. 17 ) 1:7 He collaborated 18  with Joab son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they supported 19  him. 20  1:8 But Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and David’s elite warriors 21  did not ally themselves 22  with Adonijah. 1:9 Adonijah sacrificed sheep, cattle, and fattened steers at the Stone of Zoheleth near En Rogel. He invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, 23  as well as all the men of Judah, the king’s servants. 1:10 But he did not invite Nathan the prophet, Benaiah, the elite warriors, 24  or his brother Solomon.

1:11 Nathan said to Bathsheba, Solomon’s mother, “Has it been reported to you 25  that Haggith’s son Adonijah has become king behind our master David’s back? 26  1:12 Now 27  let me give you some advice as to how 28  you can save your life and your son Solomon’s life. 1:13 Visit 29  King David and say to him, ‘My master, O king, did you not solemnly promise 30  your servant, “Surely your son Solomon will be king after me; he will sit on my throne”? So why has Adonijah become king?’ 1:14 While 31  you are still there speaking to the king, I will arrive 32  and verify your report.” 33 

1:15 So Bathsheba visited the king in his private quarters. 34  (The king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was serving the king.) 1:16 Bathsheba bowed down on the floor before 35  the king. The king said, “What do you want?” 1:17 She replied to him, “My master, you swore an oath to your servant by the Lord your God, ‘Solomon your son will be king after me and he will sit on my throne.’ 1:18 But now, look, Adonijah has become king! But you, 36  my master the king, are not even aware of it! 37  1:19 He has sacrificed many cattle, steers, and sheep and has invited all the king’s sons, Abiathar the priest, and Joab, the commander of the army, but he has not invited your servant Solomon. 1:20 Now, 38  my master, O king, all Israel is watching anxiously to see who is named to succeed my master the king on the throne. 39  1:21 If a decision is not made, 40  when my master the king is buried with his ancestors, 41  my son Solomon and I 42  will be considered state criminals.” 43 

1:22 Just then, 44  while she was still speaking to the king, Nathan the prophet arrived. 1:23 The king was told, “Nathan the prophet is here.” Nathan entered and bowed before the king with his face to the floor. 45  1:24 Nathan said, “My master, O king, did you announce, ‘Adonijah will be king after me; he will sit on my throne’? 1:25 For today he has gone down and sacrificed many cattle, steers, and sheep and has invited all the king’s sons, the army commanders, and Abiathar the priest. At this moment 46  they are having a feast 47  in his presence, and they have declared, ‘Long live King Adonijah!’ 48  1:26 But he did not invite me – your servant – or Zadok the priest, or Benaiah son of Jehoiada, or your servant Solomon. 1:27 Has my master the king authorized this without informing your servants 49  who should succeed my master the king on his throne?” 50 

David Picks Solomon as His Successor

1:28 King David responded, 51  “Summon Bathsheba!” 52  She came and stood before the king. 53  1:29 The king swore an oath: “As certainly as the Lord lives (he who has rescued me 54  from every danger), 1:30 I will keep 55  today the oath I swore to you by the Lord God of Israel: ‘Surely Solomon your son will be king after me; he will sit in my place on my throne.’” 1:31 Bathsheba bowed down to the king with her face to the floor 56  and said, “May my master, King David, live forever!”

1:32 King David said, “Summon Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, 57  and Benaiah son of Jehoiada.” They came before the king, 1:33 and he 58  told them, “Take your master’s 59  servants with you, put my son Solomon on my mule, and lead him down to Gihon. 60  1:34 There Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet will anoint 61  him king over Israel; then blow the trumpet and declare, ‘Long live King Solomon!’ 1:35 Then follow him up as he comes and sits on my throne. He will be king in my place; I have decreed 62  that he will be ruler over Israel and Judah.” 1:36 Benaiah son of Jehoiada responded 63  to the king: “So be it! 64  May the Lord God of my master the king confirm it! 65  1:37 As the Lord is with my master the king, so may he be with Solomon, and may he make him an even greater king than my master King David!” 66 

1:38 So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites, and the Pelethites 67  went down, put Solomon on King David’s mule, and led him to Gihon. 1:39 Zadok the priest took a horn filled with olive oil 68  from the tent and poured it on 69  Solomon; the trumpet was blown and all the people declared, “Long live King Solomon!” 1:40 All the people followed him up, playing flutes and celebrating so loudly they made the ground shake. 70 

1:41 Now Adonijah and all his guests heard the commotion just as they had finished eating. 71  When Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he asked, “Why is there such a noisy commotion in the city?” 72  1:42 As he was still speaking, Jonathan 73  son of Abiathar the priest arrived. Adonijah said, “Come in, for 74  an important man like you must be bringing good news.” 75  1:43 Jonathan replied 76  to Adonijah: “No! 77  Our master 78  King David has made Solomon king. 1:44 The king sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites, and the Pelethites and they put him on the king’s mule. 1:45 Then Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anointed 79  him king in Gihon. They went up from there rejoicing, and the city is in an uproar. That is the sound you hear. 1:46 Furthermore, Solomon has assumed the royal throne. 80  1:47 The king’s servants have even come to congratulate 81  our master 82  King David, saying, ‘May your God 83  make Solomon more famous than you and make him an even greater king than you!’ 84  Then the king leaned 85  on the bed 1:48 and said 86  this: ‘The Lord God of Israel is worthy of praise because 87  today he has placed a successor on my throne and allowed me to see it.’” 88 

1:49 All of Adonijah’s guests panicked; 89  they jumped up and rushed off their separate ways. 1:50 Adonijah feared Solomon, so he got up and went and grabbed hold of the horns of the altar. 90  1:51 Solomon was told, “Look, Adonijah fears you; 91  see, he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, ‘May King Solomon solemnly promise 92  me today that he will not kill his servant with the sword.’” 1:52 Solomon said, “If he is a loyal subject, 93  not a hair of his head will be harmed, but if he is found to be a traitor, 94  he will die.” 1:53 King Solomon sent men to bring him down 95  from the altar. He came and bowed down to King Solomon, and Solomon told him, “Go home.” 96 

David’s Final Words to Solomon

2:1 When David was close to death, 97  he told 98  Solomon his son: 2:2 “I am about to die. 99  Be strong and become a man! 2:3 Do the job the Lord your God has assigned you 100  by following his instructions 101  and obeying 102  his rules, commandments, regulations, and laws as written in the law of Moses. Then you will succeed in all you do and seek to accomplish, 103  2:4 and the Lord will fulfill his promise to me, 104  ‘If your descendants watch their step 105  and live faithfully in my presence 106  with all their heart and being, 107  then,’ he promised, 108  ‘you will not fail to have a successor on the throne of Israel.’ 109 

2:5 “You know what Joab son of Zeruiah did to me – how he murdered two commanders of the Israelite armies, Abner son of Ner and Amasa son of Jether. 110  During peacetime he struck them down like he would in battle; 111  when he shed their blood as if in battle, he stained his own belt and the sandals on his feet. 112  2:6 Do to him what you think is appropriate, 113  but don’t let him live long and die a peaceful death. 114 

2:7 “Treat fairly 115  the sons of Barzillai of Gilead and provide for their needs, 116  because they helped me 117  when I had to flee from your brother Absalom.

2:8 “Note well, you still have to contend with Shimei son of Gera, the Benjaminite from Bahurim, 118  who tried to call down upon me a horrible judgment when I went to Mahanaim. 119  He came down and met me at the Jordan, and I solemnly promised 120  him by the Lord, ‘I will not strike you down 121  with the sword.’ 2:9 But now 122  don’t treat him as if he were innocent. You are a wise man and you know how to handle him; 123  make sure he has a bloody death.” 124 

2:10 Then David passed away 125  and was buried in the city of David. 126  2:11 David reigned over Israel forty years; he reigned in Hebron seven years, and in Jerusalem 127  thirty-three years.

Solomon Secures the Throne

2:12 Solomon sat on his father David’s throne, and his royal authority 128  was firmly solidified.

2:13 Haggith’s son Adonijah visited Bathsheba, Solomon’s mother. She asked, “Do you come in peace?” He answered, “Yes.” 129  2:14 He added, 130  “I have something to say to you.” She replied, “Speak.” 2:15 He said, “You know that the kingdom 131  was mine and all Israel considered me king. 132  But then the kingdom was given to my brother, for the Lord decided it should be his. 133  2:16 Now I’d like to ask you for just one thing. Please don’t refuse me.” 134  She said, “Go ahead and ask.” 135  2:17 He said, “Please ask King Solomon if he would give me Abishag the Shunammite as a wife, for he won’t refuse you.” 136  2:18 Bathsheba replied, “That’s fine, 137  I’ll speak to the king on your behalf.”

2:19 So Bathsheba visited King Solomon to speak to him on Adonijah’s behalf. The king got up to greet 138  her, bowed to her, and then sat on his throne. He ordered a throne to be brought for the king’s mother, 139  and she sat at his right hand. 2:20 She said, “I would like to ask you for just one small favor. 140  Please don’t refuse me.” 141  He said, 142  “Go ahead and ask, my mother, for I would not refuse you.” 2:21 She said, “Allow Abishag the Shunammite to be given to your brother Adonijah as a wife.” 2:22 King Solomon answered his mother, “Why just request Abishag the Shunammite for him? 143  Since he is my older brother, you should also request the kingdom for him, for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab son of Zeruiah!”

2:23 King Solomon then swore an oath by the Lord, “May God judge me severely, 144  if Adonijah does not pay for this request with his life! 145  2:24 Now, as certainly as the Lord lives (he who made me secure, allowed me to sit on my father David’s throne, and established a dynasty 146  for me as he promised), Adonijah will be executed today!” 2:25 King Solomon then sent 147  Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and he killed Adonijah. 148 

2:26 The king then told Abiathar the priest, “Go back to your property 149  in Anathoth. You deserve to die, 150  but today I will not kill you because you did carry the ark of the sovereign Lord before my father David and you suffered with my father through all his difficult times.” 151  2:27 Solomon dismissed Abiathar from his position as priest of the Lord, 152  fulfilling the decree of judgment the Lord made in Shiloh against the family of Eli. 153 

2:28 When the news reached Joab (for Joab had supported 154  Adonijah, although he had not supported Absalom), he 155  ran to the tent of the Lord and grabbed hold of the horns of the altar. 156  2:29 When King Solomon heard 157  that Joab had run to the tent of the Lord and was right there beside the altar, he ordered Benaiah son of Jehoiada, 158  “Go, strike him down.” 2:30 When Benaiah arrived at the tent of the Lord, he said to him, “The king says, ‘Come out!’” But he replied, “No, I will die here!” So Benaiah sent word to the king and reported Joab’s reply. 159  2:31 The king told him, “Do as he said! Strike him down and bury him. Take away from me and from my father’s family 160  the guilt of Joab’s murderous, bloody deeds. 161  2:32 May the Lord punish him for the blood he shed; 162  behind my father David’s back he struck down and murdered with the sword two men who were more innocent and morally upright than he 163  – Abner son of Ner, commander of Israel’s army, and Amasa son of Jether, commander of Judah’s army. 2:33 May Joab and his descendants be perpetually guilty of their shed blood, but may the Lord give perpetual peace to David, his descendants, his family, 164  and his dynasty.” 165  2:34 So Benaiah son of Jehoiada went up and executed Joab; 166  he was buried at his home in the wilderness. 2:35 The king appointed Benaiah son of Jehoiada to take his place at the head of 167  the army, and the king appointed Zadok the priest to take Abiathar’s place. 168 

2:36 Next the king summoned 169  Shimei and told him, “Build yourself a house in Jerusalem 170  and live there – but you may not leave there to go anywhere! 171  2:37 If you ever do leave and cross the Kidron Valley, know for sure that you will certainly die! You will be responsible for your own death.” 172  2:38 Shimei said to the king, “My master the king’s proposal is acceptable. 173  Your servant will do as you say.” 174  So Shimei lived in Jerusalem for a long time. 175 

2:39 Three years later two of Shimei’s servants ran away to King Achish son of Maacah of Gath. Shimei was told, “Look, your servants are in Gath.” 2:40 So Shimei got up, saddled his donkey, and went to Achish at Gath to find his servants; Shimei went and brought back his servants from Gath. 2:41 When Solomon was told that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath and had then returned, 2:42 the king summoned 176  Shimei and said to him, “You will recall 177  that I made you take an oath by the Lord, and I solemnly warned you, ‘If you ever leave and go anywhere, 178  know for sure that you will certainly die.’ You said to me, ‘The proposal is acceptable; I agree to it.’ 179  2:43 Why then have you broken the oath you made before the Lord and disobeyed the order I gave you?” 180  2:44 Then the king said to Shimei, “You are well aware of the way you mistreated my father David. 181  The Lord will punish you for what you did. 182  2:45 But King Solomon will be empowered 183  and David’s dynasty 184  will endure permanently before the Lord.” 2:46 The king then gave the order to Benaiah son of Jehoiada who went and executed Shimei. 185 

So Solomon took firm control of the kingdom. 186 

1 tn Heb “was old, coming into the days” (i.e., advancing in years).

2 tn Or “garments.”

3 tn Heb “said to.”

4 tn Heb “let them seek for my master, the king, a young girl, a virgin.” The third person plural subject of the verb is indefinite (see GKC 460 §144.f). The appositional expression, “a young girl, a virgin,” is idiomatic; the second term specifically defines the more general first term (see IBHS 230 §12.3b).

5 tn Heb “and she will stand before the king.” The Hebrew phrase “stand before” can mean “to attend; to serve” (BDB 764 s.v. עָמַד).

6 tn Heb “and she will lie down in your bosom.” The expression might imply sexual intimacy (see 2 Sam 12:3 [where the lamb symbolizes Bathsheba] and Mic 7:5), though v. 4b indicates that David did not actually have sex with the young woman.

7 tn Heb “and my master, the king, will be warm.”

8 tn Heb “through all the territory of Israel.”

9 tn Heb “did not know her.”

10 tn Heb “son of Haggith,” but since this formula usually designates the father (who in this case was David), the translation specifies that David was Adonijah’s father.

sn Haggith was one of David’s wives (2 Sam 3:4; 2 Chr 3:2).

11 tn Heb “lifting himself up.”

12 tn Heb “saying.”

13 tn Or “he acquired for himself.”

14 tn Heb “to run ahead of him.”

15 tn Or “disciplined.”

16 tn Heb “did not correct him from his days.” The phrase “from his days” means “from his earliest days,” or “ever in his life.” See GKC 382 §119.w, n. 2.

17 tn Heb “and she gave birth to him after Absalom.” This does not imply they had the same mother; Absalom’s mother was Maacah, not Haggith (2 Sam 3:4).

18 tn Heb “his words were.”

19 tn Heb “helped after” (i.e., stood by).

20 tn Heb “Adonijah.” The proper name has been replaced by the pronoun (“him”) in the translation for stylistic reasons.

21 tn Or “bodyguard” (Heb “mighty men”).

22 tn Heb “were not.”

23 tc The ancient Greek version omits this appositional phrase.

24 tn Or “bodyguard” (Heb “mighty men”).

25 tn Heb “Have you not heard?”

26 tn Heb “and our master David does not know.”

27 tn Heb “now, come.” The imperative of הָלַךְ (halakh) is here used as an introductory interjection. See BDB 234 s.v. חָלַךְ.

28 tn Or “so that.”

29 tn Heb “come, go to.” The imperative of הָלַךְ (halakh) is here used as an introductory interjection. See BDB 234 s.v. חָלַךְ.

30 tn Or “swear an oath to.”

31 tn In the Hebrew text the sentence is introduced by the particle הִנֵּה (hinneh, “look”), which here draws attention to Nathan’s concluding word of assurance and support. For this use of the word, see HALOT 252 s.v. הִנֵּה.

32 tc The Hebrew text reads, “I will come after you.”

33 tn Heb “fill up [i.e., confirm] your words.”

34 tn Or “bedroom.”

35 tn Heb “bowed low and bowed down to.”

36 tc Instead of עַתָּה (’attah, “now”) many Hebrew mss, along with the Old Greek, Syriac Peshitta, and Latin Vulgate, have the similar sounding independent pronoun אַתָּה (’attah, “you”). This reading is followed in the present translation.

37 tn Heb “you do not know [about it].”

38 tc Many Hebrew mss have עַתָּה (’attah, “now”) rather than the similar sounding independent pronoun אַתָּה (’attah, “you”).

39 tn Heb “the eyes of all Israel are upon you to declare to them who will sit on the throne of my master the king after him.”

40 tn The words “if a decision is not made” are added for clarification.

41 tn Heb “lies down with his fathers.”

42 tn Heb “I and my son Solomon.” The order has been reversed in the translation for stylistic reasons.

43 tn Heb “will be guilty”; NASB “considered offenders”; TEV “treated as traitors.”

44 tn Heb “look.” The particle הִנֵּה (hinneh) here draws attention to Nathan’s arrival and invites the audience to view the scene through the eyes of the participants.

45 tn Heb “ground.” Since this was indoors, “floor” is more appropriate than “ground.”

46 tn Heb “look.”

47 tn Heb “eating and drinking.”

48 tn Heb “let the king, Adonijah, live!”

49 tc Many Hebrew mss and ancient textual witnesses agree with the Qere in reading this as singular, “your servant.”

50 tn Heb “From my master the king is this thing done, and you did not make known to your servants who will sit on the throne of my master the king after him?”

51 tn Heb “answered and said.”

52 sn Summon Bathsheba. Bathsheba must have left the room when Nathan arrived (see 1:22).

53 tn Heb “she came before the king and stood before the king.”

54 tn Or “ransomed my life.”

55 tn Or “carry out, perform.”

56 tn Heb “bowed low, face [to] the ground, and bowed down to the king.”

57 sn SummonNathan. Nathan must have left the room when Bathsheba reentered.

58 tn Heb “the king.”

59 tn The plural form is used in the Hebrew text to indicate honor and authority.

60 tn Heb “mount Solomon my son on the mule that belongs to me and take him down to Gihon.”

61 tn Or “designate” (i.e., by anointing with oil).

62 tn Or “commanded.”

63 tn Heb “answered and said.”

64 tn Or “Amen.”

65 tn Heb “So may the Lord God of my master the king say.”

66 tn Heb “and may he make his throne greater than the throne of my master King David.”

67 sn The Kerethites and Pelethites were members of David’s royal guard (see 2 Sam 8:18). The Kerethites may have been descendants of an ethnic group originating in Crete.

68 tn Heb “the horn of oil.” This has been specified as olive oil in the translation for clarity.

sn A horn filled with oil. An animal’s horn was used as an oil flask in the anointing ceremony.

69 tn Or “anointed.”

70 tn Heb “and all the people went up after him, and the people were playing flutes and rejoicing with great joy and the ground split open at the sound of them.” The verb בָּקַע (baqa’, “to split open”), which elsewhere describes the effects of an earthquake, is obviously here an exaggeration for the sake of emphasis.

71 tn Heb “And Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard, now they had finished eating.”

72 tn Heb “Why is the city’s sound noisy?”

73 tn The Hebrew text has “look” at this point. The particle הִנֵּה (hinneh), “look draws attention to Jonathan’s arrival and invites the audience to view the scene through the eyes of the participants.

74 tn Or “surely.”

75 tn Heb “you are a man of strength [or “ability”] and you bring a message [that is] good.” Another option is to understand the phrase אִישׁ חַיִל (’ish khayil) in the sense of “a worthy man,” that is “loyal.” See also 1 Kgs 1:52 and HALOT 311 s.v. חַיִל.

76 tn Heb “answered and said.”

77 tn For a similar use of אֲבָל (’aval), see Gen 17:19, where God rejects Abraham’s proposal and offers an alternative.

78 tn The plural form is used in the Hebrew text to indicate honor and authority.

79 tn I.e., designated by anointing with oil.

80 tn Heb “And also Solomon sits on the throne of the kingdom.”

81 tn Heb “to bless.”

82 tn The plural form is used in the Hebrew text to indicate honor and authority.

83 tc Many Hebrew mss agree with the Qere in reading simply “God.”

84 tn Heb “make the name of Solomon better than your name, and make his throne greater than your throne.” The term שֵׁם (shem, “name”) is used here of one’s fame and reputation.

85 tn Or “bowed down; worshiped.”

86 tn The Hebrew text reads, “and the king said.”

87 tn Or “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, who….” In this blessing formula אֲשֶׁר (’asher, “who; because”) introduces the reason why the one being blessed deserves the honor.

88 tn Heb “and my eyes are seeing.”

89 tn Or “were afraid, trembled.”

90 sn Grabbed hold of the horns of the altar. The “horns” of the altar were the horn-shaped projections on the four corners of the altar (see Exod 27:2). By going to the holy place and grabbing hold of the horns of the altar, Adonijah was seeking asylum from Solomon.

91 tn Heb “King Solomon.” The name and title have been replaced by the pronoun (“you”) in the translation for stylistic reasons.

92 tn Or “swear an oath to.”

93 tn Heb “if he is a man of strength [or ability].” In this context, where Adonijah calls himself a “servant,” implying allegiance to the new king, the phrase אִישׁ חַיִל (’ish khayil) probably carries the sense of “a worthy man,” that is, “loyal” (see HALOT 311 s.v. חַיִל).

94 tn Heb “but if evil is found in him.”

95 tn Heb “sent and they brought him down.”

96 tn Heb “Go to your house.”

97 tn Heb “and the days of David approached to die.”

98 tn Or “commanded.”

99 tn Heb “going the way of all the earth.”

100 tn Heb “keep the charge of the Lord your God.”

101 tn Heb “by walking in his ways.”

102 tn Or “keeping.”

103 tn Heb “then you will cause to succeed all which you do and all which you turn there.”

104 tn Heb “then the Lord will establish his word which he spoke to me, saying.”

105 tn Heb “guard their way.”

106 tn Heb “by walking before me in faithfulness.”

107 tn Or “soul.”

108 tn Heb “saying.”

109 tn Heb “there will not be cut off from you a man from upon the throne of Israel.”

110 tn Heb “what he did to the two commanders…and he killed them.”

111 tn Heb “he shed the blood of battle in peace.”

112 tn Heb “and he shed the blood of battle when he killed which is on his waist and on his sandal[s] which are on his feet.” That is, he covered himself with guilt and his guilt was obvious to all who saw him.

113 tn Heb “according to your wisdom.”

114 tn Heb “and do not bring down his grey hair in peace [to] Sheol.”

115 tn Heb “do loyalty with”; or “act faithfully toward.”

116 tn Heb “and let them be among the ones who eat [at] your table.”

117 tn Heb “drew near to.”

118 tn Heb “Look, with you is Shimei….”

119 tn Heb “and he cursed me with a horrible curse on the day I went to Mahanaim.”

120 tn Or “swore an oath to.”

121 tn Heb “kill you.”

122 tc The Lucianic recension of the Old Greek and the Vulgate have here “you” rather than “now.” The two words are homonyms in Hebrew.

123 tn Heb “what you should do to him.”

124 tn Heb “bring his grey hair down in blood [to] Sheol.”

125 tn Heb “and David lay down with his fathers.”

126 sn The phrase the city of David refers here to the fortress of Zion in Jerusalem, not to Bethlehem. See 2 Sam 5:7.

127 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

128 tn Or “kingship.”

129 tn Heb “[in] peace.”

130 tn Heb “and he said.”

131 tn Or “kingship.”

132 tn Heb “set their face to me to be king.”

133 tn Heb “and the kingdom turned about and became my brother’s, for from the Lord it became his.”

134 tn Heb “Do not turn back my face.”

135 tn Heb “She said, ‘Speak!’”

136 tn Heb “Say to Solomon the king, for he will not turn back your face, that he might give to me Abishag the Shunammite for a wife.”

137 tn Heb “[It is] good!”

138 tn Or “meet.”

139 tn Heb “he set up a throne for the mother of the king.”

140 tn Or “I’d like to make just one request of you.”

141 tn Heb “Do not turn back my face.”

142 tn Heb “and the king said to her.”

143 tn Heb “for Adonijah.”

144 tn Heb “So may God do to me, and so may he add.”

145 tn Heb “if with his life Adonijah has not spoken this word.”

146 tn Heb “house.”

147 tn The Hebrew text adds, “by the hand of.”

148 tn Heb “and he struck him and he died.”

149 tn Or “field.”

150 tn Heb “you are a man of death.”

151 tn Heb “and because you suffered through all which my father suffered.”

152 tn Heb “Solomon drove out Abiathar from being a priest to the Lord.

153 tn Heb “fulfilling the word of the Lord which he spoke against the house of Eli in Shiloh.”

154 tn Heb “turned after” (also later in this verse).

155 tn Heb “Joab.” The proper name has been replaced by the pronoun (“he”) in the translation for stylistic reasons.

156 sn Grabbed hold of the horns of the altar. The “horns” of the altar were the horn-shaped projections on the four corners of the altar (see Exod 27:2). By going to the holy place and grabbing hold of the horns of the altar, Joab was seeking asylum from Solomon.

157 tn Heb “and it was related to King Solomon.”

158 tn Heb “so Solomon sent Benaiah son of Jehoiada, saying.”

159 tn Heb “saying, “In this way Joab spoke and in this way he answered me.”

160 tn Heb “house.”

161 tn Heb “take away the undeserved bloodshed which Joab spilled from upon me and from upon the house of my father.”

162 tn Heb “The Lord will cause his blood to return upon his head.”

163 tn Heb “because he struck down two men more innocent and better than he and he killed them with the sword, and my father David did not know.”

164 tn Heb “house.”

165 tn Heb “his throne.”

166 tn Heb “struck him and killed him.” The referent (Joab) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

167 tn Heb “over.”

168 tc The Old Greek translation includes after v. 35 some fourteen verses that are absent from the MT.

169 tn Heb “sent and summoned.”

170 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

171 tn Heb “and you may not go out from there here or there.”

172 tn Heb “your blood will be upon your head.”

173 tn Heb “Good is the word, as my master the king has spoken.”

174 tn Heb “so your servant will do.”

175 tn Heb “many days.”

176 tn Heb “sent and summoned.”

177 tn Heb “Is it not [true]…?” In the Hebrew text the statement is interrogative; the rhetorical question expects the answer, “Of course it is.”

178 tn Heb “here or there.”

179 tn Heb “good is the word; I have heard.”

180 tn Heb “Why have you not kept the oath [to] the Lord and the commandment I commanded you?”

181 tn Heb “You know all the evil, for your heart knows, which you did to David my father.”

182 tn Heb “The Lord will cause your evil to return upon your head.”

183 tn Or “blessed.”

184 tn Heb “throne.”

185 tn “The king commanded Benaiah son of Jehoiada and he went out and struck him down and he died.”

186 tn “And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon.”

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