1:32 King David said, “Summon Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, 1 and Benaiah son of Jehoiada.” They came before the king, 1:33 and he 2 told them, “Take your master’s 3 servants with you, put my son Solomon on my mule, and lead him down to Gihon. 4 1:34 There Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet will anoint 5 him king over Israel; then blow the trumpet and declare, ‘Long live King Solomon!’ 1:35 Then follow him up as he comes and sits on my throne. He will be king in my place; I have decreed 6 that he will be ruler over Israel and Judah.” 1:36 Benaiah son of Jehoiada responded 7 to the king: “So be it! 8 May the Lord God of my master the king confirm it! 9 1:37 As the Lord is with my master the king, so may he be with Solomon, and may he make him an even greater king than my master King David!” 10
1:38 So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites, and the Pelethites 11 went down, put Solomon on King David’s mule, and led him to Gihon. 1:39 Zadok the priest took a horn filled with olive oil 12 from the tent and poured it on 13 Solomon; the trumpet was blown and all the people declared, “Long live King Solomon!” 1:40 All the people followed him up, playing flutes and celebrating so loudly they made the ground shake. 14
1:41 Now Adonijah and all his guests heard the commotion just as they had finished eating. 15 When Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he asked, “Why is there such a noisy commotion in the city?” 16 1:42 As he was still speaking, Jonathan 17 son of Abiathar the priest arrived. Adonijah said, “Come in, for 18 an important man like you must be bringing good news.” 19 1:43 Jonathan replied 20 to Adonijah: “No! 21 Our master 22 King David has made Solomon king. 1:44 The king sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites, and the Pelethites and they put him on the king’s mule. 1:45 Then Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anointed 23 him king in Gihon. They went up from there rejoicing, and the city is in an uproar. That is the sound you hear. 1:46 Furthermore, Solomon has assumed the royal throne. 24 1:47 The king’s servants have even come to congratulate 25 our master 26 King David, saying, ‘May your God 27 make Solomon more famous than you and make him an even greater king than you!’ 28 Then the king leaned 29 on the bed 1:48 and said 30 this: ‘The Lord God of Israel is worthy of praise because 31 today he has placed a successor on my throne and allowed me to see it.’” 32
1:49 All of Adonijah’s guests panicked; 33 they jumped up and rushed off their separate ways. 1:50 Adonijah feared Solomon, so he got up and went and grabbed hold of the horns of the altar. 34 1:51 Solomon was told, “Look, Adonijah fears you; 35 see, he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, ‘May King Solomon solemnly promise 36 me today that he will not kill his servant with the sword.’” 1:52 Solomon said, “If he is a loyal subject, 37 not a hair of his head will be harmed, but if he is found to be a traitor, 38 he will die.” 1:53 King Solomon sent men to bring him down 39 from the altar. He came and bowed down to King Solomon, and Solomon told him, “Go home.” 40
1 sn Summon…Nathan. Nathan must have left the room when Bathsheba reentered.
2 tn Heb “the king.”
3 tn The plural form is used in the Hebrew text to indicate honor and authority.
4 tn Heb “mount Solomon my son on the mule that belongs to me and take him down to Gihon.”
5 tn Or “designate” (i.e., by anointing with oil).
6 tn Or “commanded.”
7 tn Heb “answered and said.”
8 tn Or “Amen.”
9 tn Heb “So may the
10 tn Heb “and may he make his throne greater than the throne of my master King David.”
12 tn Heb “the horn of oil.” This has been specified as olive oil in the translation for clarity.
sn A horn filled with oil. An animal’s horn was used as an oil flask in the anointing ceremony.
13 tn Or “anointed.”
14 tn Heb “and all the people went up after him, and the people were playing flutes and rejoicing with great joy and the ground split open at the sound of them.” The verb בָּקַע (baqa’, “to split open”), which elsewhere describes the effects of an earthquake, is obviously here an exaggeration for the sake of emphasis.
15 tn Heb “And Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard, now they had finished eating.”
16 tn Heb “Why is the city’s sound noisy?”
17 tn The Hebrew text has “look” at this point. The particle הִנֵּה (hinneh), “look draws attention to Jonathan’s arrival and invites the audience to view the scene through the eyes of the participants.
18 tn Or “surely.”
19 tn Heb “you are a man of strength [or “ability”] and you bring a message [that is] good.” Another option is to understand the phrase אִישׁ חַיִל (’ish khayil) in the sense of “a worthy man,” that is “loyal.” See also 1 Kgs 1:52 and HALOT 311 s.v. חַיִל.
20 tn Heb “answered and said.”
22 tn The plural form is used in the Hebrew text to indicate honor and authority.
23 tn I.e., designated by anointing with oil.
24 tn Heb “And also Solomon sits on the throne of the kingdom.”
25 tn Heb “to bless.”
26 tn The plural form is used in the Hebrew text to indicate honor and authority.
27 tc Many Hebrew
28 tn Heb “make the name of Solomon better than your name, and make his throne greater than your throne.” The term שֵׁם (shem, “name”) is used here of one’s fame and reputation.
29 tn Or “bowed down; worshiped.”
30 tn The Hebrew text reads, “and the king said.”
31 tn Or “Blessed be the
32 tn Heb “and my eyes are seeing.”
33 tn Or “were afraid, trembled.”
34 sn Grabbed hold of the horns of the altar. The “horns” of the altar were the horn-shaped projections on the four corners of the altar (see Exod 27:2). By going to the holy place and grabbing hold of the horns of the altar, Adonijah was seeking asylum from Solomon.
35 tn Heb “King Solomon.” The name and title have been replaced by the pronoun (“you”) in the translation for stylistic reasons.
36 tn Or “swear an oath to.”
37 tn Heb “if he is a man of strength [or ability].” In this context, where Adonijah calls himself a “servant,” implying allegiance to the new king, the phrase אִישׁ חַיִל (’ish khayil) probably carries the sense of “a worthy man,” that is, “loyal” (see HALOT 311 s.v. חַיִל).
38 tn Heb “but if evil is found in him.”
39 tn Heb “sent and they brought him down.”
40 tn Heb “Go to your house.”