1:11 Nathan said to Bathsheba, Solomon’s mother, “Has it been reported to you 1 that Haggith’s son Adonijah has become king behind our master David’s back? 2 1:12 Now 3 let me give you some advice as to how 4 you can save your life and your son Solomon’s life. 1:13 Visit 5 King David and say to him, ‘My master, O king, did you not solemnly promise 6 your servant, “Surely your son Solomon will be king after me; he will sit on my throne”? So why has Adonijah become king?’ 1:14 While 7 you are still there speaking to the king, I will arrive 8 and verify your report.” 9
1:15 So Bathsheba visited the king in his private quarters. 10 (The king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was serving the king.) 1:16 Bathsheba bowed down on the floor before 11 the king. The king said, “What do you want?” 1:17 She replied to him, “My master, you swore an oath to your servant by the Lord your God, ‘Solomon your son will be king after me and he will sit on my throne.’ 1:18 But now, look, Adonijah has become king! But you, 12 my master the king, are not even aware of it! 13 1:19 He has sacrificed many cattle, steers, and sheep and has invited all the king’s sons, Abiathar the priest, and Joab, the commander of the army, but he has not invited your servant Solomon. 1:20 Now, 14 my master, O king, all Israel is watching anxiously to see who is named to succeed my master the king on the throne. 15 1:21 If a decision is not made, 16 when my master the king is buried with his ancestors, 17 my son Solomon and I 18 will be considered state criminals.” 19
1:22 Just then, 20 while she was still speaking to the king, Nathan the prophet arrived. 1:23 The king was told, “Nathan the prophet is here.” Nathan entered and bowed before the king with his face to the floor. 21 1:24 Nathan said, “My master, O king, did you announce, ‘Adonijah will be king after me; he will sit on my throne’? 1:25 For today he has gone down and sacrificed many cattle, steers, and sheep and has invited all the king’s sons, the army commanders, and Abiathar the priest. At this moment 22 they are having a feast 23 in his presence, and they have declared, ‘Long live King Adonijah!’ 24 1:26 But he did not invite me – your servant – or Zadok the priest, or Benaiah son of Jehoiada, or your servant Solomon. 1:27 Has my master the king authorized this without informing your servants 25 who should succeed my master the king on his throne?” 26
1:28 King David responded, 27 “Summon Bathsheba!” 28 She came and stood before the king. 29 1:29 The king swore an oath: “As certainly as the Lord lives (he who has rescued me 30 from every danger), 1:30 I will keep 31 today the oath I swore to you by the Lord God of Israel: ‘Surely Solomon your son will be king after me; he will sit in my place on my throne.’” 1:31 Bathsheba bowed down to the king with her face to the floor 32 and said, “May my master, King David, live forever!”
1:32 King David said, “Summon Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, 33 and Benaiah son of Jehoiada.” They came before the king, 1:33 and he 34 told them, “Take your master’s 35 servants with you, put my son Solomon on my mule, and lead him down to Gihon. 36 1:34 There Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet will anoint 37 him king over Israel; then blow the trumpet and declare, ‘Long live King Solomon!’ 1:35 Then follow him up as he comes and sits on my throne. He will be king in my place; I have decreed 38 that he will be ruler over Israel and Judah.” 1:36 Benaiah son of Jehoiada responded 39 to the king: “So be it! 40 May the Lord God of my master the king confirm it! 41 1:37 As the Lord is with my master the king, so may he be with Solomon, and may he make him an even greater king than my master King David!” 42
1:38 So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites, and the Pelethites 43 went down, put Solomon on King David’s mule, and led him to Gihon. 1:39 Zadok the priest took a horn filled with olive oil 44 from the tent and poured it on 45 Solomon; the trumpet was blown and all the people declared, “Long live King Solomon!” 1:40 All the people followed him up, playing flutes and celebrating so loudly they made the ground shake. 46
1:41 Now Adonijah and all his guests heard the commotion just as they had finished eating. 47 When Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he asked, “Why is there such a noisy commotion in the city?” 48 1:42 As he was still speaking, Jonathan 49 son of Abiathar the priest arrived. Adonijah said, “Come in, for 50 an important man like you must be bringing good news.” 51 1:43 Jonathan replied 52 to Adonijah: “No! 53 Our master 54 King David has made Solomon king. 1:44 The king sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites, and the Pelethites and they put him on the king’s mule. 1:45 Then Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anointed 55 him king in Gihon. They went up from there rejoicing, and the city is in an uproar. That is the sound you hear. 1:46 Furthermore, Solomon has assumed the royal throne. 56 1:47 The king’s servants have even come to congratulate 57 our master 58 King David, saying, ‘May your God 59 make Solomon more famous than you and make him an even greater king than you!’ 60 Then the king leaned 61 on the bed 1:48 and said 62 this: ‘The Lord God of Israel is worthy of praise because 63 today he has placed a successor on my throne and allowed me to see it.’” 64
1:49 All of Adonijah’s guests panicked; 65 they jumped up and rushed off their separate ways. 1:50 Adonijah feared Solomon, so he got up and went and grabbed hold of the horns of the altar. 66 1:51 Solomon was told, “Look, Adonijah fears you; 67 see, he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, ‘May King Solomon solemnly promise 68 me today that he will not kill his servant with the sword.’” 1:52 Solomon said, “If he is a loyal subject, 69 not a hair of his head will be harmed, but if he is found to be a traitor, 70 he will die.” 1:53 King Solomon sent men to bring him down 71 from the altar. He came and bowed down to King Solomon, and Solomon told him, “Go home.” 72
1 tn Heb “Have you not heard?”
2 tn Heb “and our master David does not know.”
3 tn Heb “now, come.” The imperative of הָלַךְ (halakh) is here used as an introductory interjection. See BDB 234 s.v. חָלַךְ.
4 tn Or “so that.”
5 tn Heb “come, go to.” The imperative of הָלַךְ (halakh) is here used as an introductory interjection. See BDB 234 s.v. חָלַךְ.
6 tn Or “swear an oath to.”
7 tn In the Hebrew text the sentence is introduced by the particle הִנֵּה (hinneh, “look”), which here draws attention to Nathan’s concluding word of assurance and support. For this use of the word, see HALOT 252 s.v. הִנֵּה.
8 tc The Hebrew text reads, “I will come after you.”
9 tn Heb “fill up [i.e., confirm] your words.”
10 tn Or “bedroom.”
11 tn Heb “bowed low and bowed down to.”
12 tc Instead of עַתָּה (’attah, “now”) many Hebrew
13 tn Heb “you do not know [about it].”
14 tc Many Hebrew
15 tn Heb “the eyes of all Israel are upon you to declare to them who will sit on the throne of my master the king after him.”
16 tn The words “if a decision is not made” are added for clarification.
17 tn Heb “lies down with his fathers.”
18 tn Heb “I and my son Solomon.” The order has been reversed in the translation for stylistic reasons.
19 tn Heb “will be guilty”; NASB “considered offenders”; TEV “treated as traitors.”
20 tn Heb “look.” The particle הִנֵּה (hinneh) here draws attention to Nathan’s arrival and invites the audience to view the scene through the eyes of the participants.
21 tn Heb “ground.” Since this was indoors, “floor” is more appropriate than “ground.”
22 tn Heb “look.”
23 tn Heb “eating and drinking.”
24 tn Heb “let the king, Adonijah, live!”
25 tc Many Hebrew
26 tn Heb “From my master the king is this thing done, and you did not make known to your servants who will sit on the throne of my master the king after him?”
27 tn Heb “answered and said.”
29 tn Heb “she came before the king and stood before the king.”
30 tn Or “ransomed my life.”
31 tn Or “carry out, perform.”
32 tn Heb “bowed low, face [to] the ground, and bowed down to the king.”
33 sn Summon…Nathan. Nathan must have left the room when Bathsheba reentered.
34 tn Heb “the king.”
35 tn The plural form is used in the Hebrew text to indicate honor and authority.
36 tn Heb “mount Solomon my son on the mule that belongs to me and take him down to Gihon.”
37 tn Or “designate” (i.e., by anointing with oil).
38 tn Or “commanded.”
39 tn Heb “answered and said.”
40 tn Or “Amen.”
41 tn Heb “So may the
42 tn Heb “and may he make his throne greater than the throne of my master King David.”
44 tn Heb “the horn of oil.” This has been specified as olive oil in the translation for clarity.
sn A horn filled with oil. An animal’s horn was used as an oil flask in the anointing ceremony.
45 tn Or “anointed.”
46 tn Heb “and all the people went up after him, and the people were playing flutes and rejoicing with great joy and the ground split open at the sound of them.” The verb בָּקַע (baqa’, “to split open”), which elsewhere describes the effects of an earthquake, is obviously here an exaggeration for the sake of emphasis.
47 tn Heb “And Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard, now they had finished eating.”
48 tn Heb “Why is the city’s sound noisy?”
49 tn The Hebrew text has “look” at this point. The particle הִנֵּה (hinneh), “look draws attention to Jonathan’s arrival and invites the audience to view the scene through the eyes of the participants.
50 tn Or “surely.”
51 tn Heb “you are a man of strength [or “ability”] and you bring a message [that is] good.” Another option is to understand the phrase אִישׁ חַיִל (’ish khayil) in the sense of “a worthy man,” that is “loyal.” See also 1 Kgs 1:52 and HALOT 311 s.v. חַיִל.
52 tn Heb “answered and said.”
54 tn The plural form is used in the Hebrew text to indicate honor and authority.
55 tn I.e., designated by anointing with oil.
56 tn Heb “And also Solomon sits on the throne of the kingdom.”
57 tn Heb “to bless.”
58 tn The plural form is used in the Hebrew text to indicate honor and authority.
59 tc Many Hebrew
60 tn Heb “make the name of Solomon better than your name, and make his throne greater than your throne.” The term שֵׁם (shem, “name”) is used here of one’s fame and reputation.
61 tn Or “bowed down; worshiped.”
62 tn The Hebrew text reads, “and the king said.”
63 tn Or “Blessed be the
64 tn Heb “and my eyes are seeing.”
65 tn Or “were afraid, trembled.”
66 sn Grabbed hold of the horns of the altar. The “horns” of the altar were the horn-shaped projections on the four corners of the altar (see Exod 27:2). By going to the holy place and grabbing hold of the horns of the altar, Adonijah was seeking asylum from Solomon.
67 tn Heb “King Solomon.” The name and title have been replaced by the pronoun (“you”) in the translation for stylistic reasons.
68 tn Or “swear an oath to.”
69 tn Heb “if he is a man of strength [or ability].” In this context, where Adonijah calls himself a “servant,” implying allegiance to the new king, the phrase אִישׁ חַיִל (’ish khayil) probably carries the sense of “a worthy man,” that is, “loyal” (see HALOT 311 s.v. חַיִל).
70 tn Heb “but if evil is found in him.”
71 tn Heb “sent and they brought him down.”
72 tn Heb “Go to your house.”