1 Chronicles 22:1-19

22:1 David then said, “This is the place where the temple of the Lord God will be, along with the altar for burnt sacrifices for Israel.”

David Orders a Temple to Be Built

22:2 David ordered the resident foreigners in the land of Israel to be called together. He appointed some of them to be stonecutters to chisel stones for the building of God’s temple. 22:3 David supplied a large amount of iron for the nails of the doors of the gates and for braces, more bronze than could be weighed, 22:4 and more cedar logs than could be counted. (The Sidonians and Tyrians had brought a large amount of cedar logs to David.)

22:5 David said, “My son Solomon is just an inexperienced young man, and the temple to be built for the Lord must be especially magnificent so it will become famous and be considered splendid by all the nations. Therefore I will make preparations for its construction.” So David made extensive preparations before he died.

22:6 He summoned his son Solomon and charged him to build a temple for the Lord God of Israel. 22:7 David said to Solomon: “My son, I really wanted to build a temple to honor the Lord my God. 22:8 But the Lord said to me: ‘You have spilled a great deal of blood and fought many battles. You must not build a temple to honor me, for you have spilled a great deal of blood on the ground before me. 22:9 Look, you will have a son, who will be a peaceful man. I will give him rest from all his enemies on every side. Indeed, Solomon will be his name; I will give Israel peace and quiet during his reign. 10  22:10 He will build a temple to honor me; 11  he will become my son, and I will become his father. I will grant to his dynasty permanent rule over Israel.’ 12 

22:11 “Now, my son, may the Lord be with you! May you succeed and build a temple for the Lord your God, just as he announced you would. 13  22:12 Only may the Lord give you insight and understanding when he places you in charge of Israel, so you may obey 14  the law of the Lord your God. 22:13 Then you will succeed, if you carefully obey the rules and regulations which the Lord ordered Moses to give to Israel. 15  Be strong and brave! Don’t be afraid and don’t panic! 16  22:14 Now, look, I have made every effort to supply what is needed to build the Lord’s temple. 17  I have stored up 100,000 talents 18  of gold, 1,000,000 19  talents of silver, and so much bronze and iron it cannot be weighed, as well as wood and stones. Feel free to add more! 22:15 You also have available many workers, including stonecutters, masons, carpenters, 20  and an innumerable array of workers who are skilled 22:16 in using gold, silver, bronze, and iron. 21  Get up and begin the work! May the Lord be with you!”

22:17 David ordered all the officials of Israel to support 22  his son Solomon. 22:18 He told them, 23  “The Lord your God is with you! 24  He has made you secure on every side, 25  for he handed over to me the inhabitants of the region 26  and the region 27  is subdued before the Lord and his people. 22:19 Now seek the Lord your God wholeheartedly and with your entire being! 28  Get up and build the sanctuary of the Lord God! Then you can bring 29  the ark of the Lord’s covenant and the holy items dedicated to God’s service 30  into the temple that is built to honor the Lord.” 31 

1 Chronicles 28:1--29:30

David Commissions Solomon to Build the Temple

28:1 David assembled in Jerusalem 32  all the officials of Israel, including the commanders of the tribes, the commanders of the army divisions that served the king, the commanders of units of a thousand and a hundred, the officials who were in charge of all the property and livestock of the king and his sons, the eunuchs, and the warriors, including the most skilled of them.

28:2 King David rose to his feet and said: “Listen to me, my brothers and my people. I wanted to build a temple where the ark of the Lord’s covenant could be placed as a footstool for our God. 33  I have made the preparations for building it. 28:3 But God said to me, ‘You must not build a temple to honor me, 34  for you are a warrior and have spilled blood.’ 28:4 The Lord God of Israel chose me out of my father’s entire family to become king over Israel and have a permanent dynasty. 35  Indeed, 36  he chose Judah as leader, and my father’s family within Judah, and then he picked me out from among my father’s sons and made me king over all Israel. 37  28:5 From all the many sons the Lord has given me, he chose Solomon my son to rule on his behalf over Israel. 38  28:6 He said to me, ‘Solomon your son is the one who will build my temple and my courts, for I have chosen him to become my son and I will become his father. 28:7 I will establish his kingdom permanently, if he remains committed to obeying my commands and regulations, as you are doing this day.’ 39  28:8 So now, in the sight of all Israel, the Lord’s assembly, and in the hearing of our God, I say this: 40  Carefully observe 41  all the commands of the Lord your God, so that you may possess this good land and may leave it as a permanent inheritance for your children after you.

28:9 “And you, Solomon my son, obey 42  the God of your father and serve him with a submissive attitude and a willing spirit, 43  for the Lord examines all minds and understands every motive of one’s thoughts. If you seek him, he will let you find him, 44  but if you abandon him, he will reject you permanently. 28:10 Realize 45  now that the Lord has chosen you to build a temple as his sanctuary. Be strong and do it!”

28:11 David gave to his son Solomon the blueprints for the temple porch, 46  its buildings, its treasuries, 47  its upper areas, its inner rooms, and the room 48  for atonement. 28:12 He gave him 49  the blueprints of all he envisioned 50  for the courts of the Lord’s temple, all the surrounding rooms, the storehouses of God’s temple, and the storehouses for the holy items.

28:13 He gave him the regulations 51  for the divisions of priests and Levites, for all the assigned responsibilities within the Lord’s temple, and for all the items used in the service of the Lord’s temple.

28:14 He gave him 52  the prescribed weight for all the gold items to be used in various types of service in the Lord’s temple, for all the silver items to be used in various types of service, 53  28:15 for the gold lampstands and their gold lamps, including the weight of each lampstand and its lamps, for the silver lampstands, including the weight of each lampstand and its lamps, according to the prescribed use of each lampstand, 28:16 for the gold used in the display tables, including the amount to be used in each table, for the silver to be used in the silver tables, 28:17 for the pure gold used for the meat forks, bowls, and jars, for the small gold bowls, including the weight for each bowl, for the small silver bowls, including the weight for each bowl, 28:18 and for the refined gold of the incense altar.

He gave him 54  the blueprint for the seat 55  of the gold cherubim that spread their wings 56  and provide shelter for the ark of the Lord’s covenant.

28:19 David said, 57  “All of this I put in writing as the Lord directed me and gave me insight regarding the details of the blueprints.” 58 

28:20 David said to his son Solomon: “Be strong and brave! Do it! Don’t be afraid and don’t panic! 59  For the Lord God, my God, is with you. He will not leave you or abandon you before all the work for the service of the Lord’s temple is finished. 28:21 Here are the divisions of the priests and Levites who will perform all the service of God’s temple. All the willing and skilled men are ready to assist you in all the work and perform their service. 60  The officials and all the people are ready to follow your instructions.” 61 

The People Contribute to the Project

29:1 King David said to the entire assembly: “My son Solomon, the one whom God has chosen, is just an inexperienced young man, 62  and the task is great, for this palace is not for man, but for the Lord God. 29:2 So I have made every effort 63  to provide what is needed for the temple of my God, including the gold, silver, bronze, iron, wood, 64  as well as a large amount of onyx, settings of antimony and other stones, all kinds of precious stones, and alabaster. 29:3 Now, to show my commitment to the temple of my God, I donate my personal treasure of gold and silver to the temple of my God, in addition to all that I have already supplied for this holy temple. 29:4 This includes 3,000 talents 65  of gold from Ophir and 7,000 talents of refined silver for overlaying the walls of the buildings, 29:5 for gold and silver items, and for all the work of the craftsmen. Who else wants to contribute to the Lord today?”

29:6 The leaders of the families, the leaders of the Israelite tribes, the commanders of units of a thousand and a hundred, and the supervisors of the king’s work contributed willingly. 29:7 They donated for the service of God’s temple 5,000 talents 66  and ten thousand darics 67  of gold, 10,000 talents of silver, 18,000 talents of bronze, and 100,000 talents of iron. 29:8 All who possessed precious 68  stones donated them to the treasury of the Lord’s temple, which was under the supervision of Jehiel the Gershonite. 29:9 The people were delighted with their donations, for they contributed to the Lord with a willing attitude; 69  King David was also very happy. 70 

David Praises the Lord

29:10 David praised the Lord before the entire assembly: 71 

“O Lord God of our father Israel, you deserve praise forevermore! 29:11 O Lord, you are great, mighty, majestic, magnificent, glorious, and sovereign 72  over all the sky and earth! You have dominion and exalt yourself as the ruler 73  of all. 29:12 You are the source of wealth and honor; 74  you rule over all. You possess strength and might to magnify and give strength to all. 75  29:13 Now, our God, we give thanks to you and praise your majestic name!

29:14 “But who am I and who are my people, that we should be in a position to contribute this much? 76  Indeed, everything comes from you, and we have simply given back to you what is yours. 77  29:15 For we are resident foreigners and nomads in your presence, like all our ancestors; 78  our days are like a shadow on the earth, without security. 79  29:16 O Lord our God, all this wealth, which we have collected to build a temple for you to honor your holy name, comes from you; it all belongs to you. 29:17 I know, my God, that you examine thoughts 80  and are pleased with integrity. With pure motives 81  I contribute all this; and now I look with joy as your people who have gathered here contribute to you. 29:18 O Lord God of our ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, maintain the motives of your people and keep them devoted to you. 82  29:19 Make my son Solomon willing to obey your commands, rules, and regulations, and to complete building the palace for which I have made preparations.” 83 

29:20 David told the entire assembly: “Praise the Lord your God!” So the entire assembly praised the Lord God of their ancestors; they bowed down and stretched out flat on the ground before the Lord and the king.

David Designates Solomon King

29:21 The next day they made sacrifices and offered burnt sacrifices to the Lord (1,000 bulls, 1,000 rams, 1,000 lambs), along with their accompanying drink offerings and many other sacrifices for all Israel. 29:22 They held a feast 84  before the Lord that day and celebrated. 85 

Then they designated Solomon, David’s son, as king a second time; 86  before the Lord they anointed him as ruler and Zadok as priest. 29:23 Solomon sat on the Lord’s throne as king in place of his father David; he was successful and all Israel was loyal to him. 87  29:24 All the officers and warriors, as well as all of King David’s sons, pledged their allegiance to King Solomon. 88  29:25 The Lord greatly magnified Solomon before all Israel and bestowed on him greater majesty than any king of Israel before him. 89 

David’s Reign Comes to an End

29:26 David son of Jesse reigned over all Israel. 29:27 He reigned over Israel forty years; he reigned in Hebron seven years and in Jerusalem 90  thirty-three years. 29:28 He died at a good old age, having enjoyed long life, wealth, and honor. 91  His son Solomon succeeded him. 29:29 King David’s accomplishments, from start to finish, are recorded in the Annals of Samuel the prophet, the Annals of Nathan the prophet, and the Annals of Gad the prophet. 92  29:30 Recorded there are all the facts about his reign and accomplishments, and an account of the events that involved him, Israel, and all the neighboring kingdoms. 93 

tn Heb “a young man and tender.”

tn Heb “and the house to build to make exceedingly great for a name and for splendor for all the lands.”

tn Heb “I was with my heart.”

tn Heb “for the name of.”

tn Heb “and the word of the Lord was [i.e., came] to me saying.”

tn Heb “for my name.”

tn Heb “man of rest.”

tn Heb “his enemies all around.”

sn The name Solomon (שְׁלֹמֹה, shÿlomoh) sounds like (and may be derived from) the Hebrew word for “peace” (שָׁלוֹם, shalom).

10 tn Heb “in his days.”

11 tn Heb “for my name.”

12 tn Heb “and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel permanently.”

13 tn Heb “as he spoke concerning you.”

14 tn Or “keep.”

15 tn Heb “which the Lord commanded Moses concerning Israel.”

16 tn Or perhaps, “and don’t get discouraged.”

17 tn Heb “and look, in my affliction [or perhaps, “poverty”] I have supplied for the house of the Lord.”

18 tn See the note on the word “talents” in 19:6.

19 tn Heb “a thousand thousands.”

20 tn Heb “craftsmen of stone and wood.”

21 tn Heb “and every kind of skilled one in all work, concerning gold, concerning silver, and concerning bronze, and concerning iron, there is no numbering.”

22 tn Or “help.”

23 tn The words “he told them” are added in the translation for clarity and for stylistic reasons.

24 tn In the Hebrew text the statement is phrased as a rhetorical question, “Is not the Lord your God with you?” The question anticipates the response, “Of course he is!” Thus in the translation the positive statement “The Lord your God is with you!” has been used.

25 tn Heb “and he gives rest to you all around.”

26 tn Or “earth.”

27 tn Or “earth.”

28 tn Heb “now give your heart and your being to seek the Lord your God.”

29 tn Heb “to bring.”

30 tn Heb “items of holiness of God.”

31 tn Heb “for the name of the Lord.”

32 map For location see Map5-B1; Map6-F3; Map7-E2; Map8-F2; Map10-B3; JP1-F4; JP2-F4; JP3-F4; JP4-F4.

33 tn Heb “I, with my heart to build a house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the Lord and for a stool of the feet of our God.”

34 tn Heb “for my name.”

35 tn Heb “out of all the house of my father to become king over all Israel permanently.”

36 tn Or “for.”

37 tn Heb “and among the sons of my father he desired to make me king over all Israel.”

38 tn Heb “from all my sons, for many sons the Lord has given to me, he chose Solomon my son to sit on the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel.”

39 tn Heb “if he is strong to do my commands and my regulations like this day.”

40 tn The words “I say this” are not in the Hebrew text, but are supplied in the translation for clarity and for stylistic reasons.

41 tn Heb “Watch! Seek!”

42 tn Heb “know.”

43 tn Heb “with a complete heart and a willing being.”

44 tn Heb “he will allow himself to be found by you.”

45 tn Heb “see.”

46 tn Heb “for the porch.” The word “temple” was supplied in the translation for clarity.

47 tn Or “storerooms.”

48 tn Heb “house.”

49 tn The words “he gave him” are supplied in the translation for clarity and for stylistic reasons.

50 tn Heb “the pattern of all which was in the spirit with him.”

51 tn The words “he gave him the regulations” are supplied in the translation for clarity and for stylistic reasons.

52 tn The words “he gave him” are supplied in the translation for clarity and for stylistic reasons.

53 tn Heb “for the gold, by the weight, for the gold, for all the items of service and service, for all the items of silver by weight for all the items of service and service.”

54 tn The words “he gave him” are supplied in the translation for clarity and for stylistic reasons.

55 tc The Hebrew text reads מֶרְכָּבָה (merkavah, “chariot”), but the final he (ה) is probably dittographic – note the prefixed he (ה) on the immediately following word. It is preferable to read מֶרְכָּב (merkav, “seat”).

56 tc The Hebrew text does not have “their wings,” but the word כְּנָפַיִם (kÿnafayim, “wings”) has probably been accidentally omitted by homoioteleuton. Note that the immediately preceding לְפֹרְשִׂים (lÿforsim) also ends in mem (ם).

57 tn The words “David said” are supplied in the translation for clarification and for stylistic reasons.

58 tn Heb “the whole in writing from the hand of the Lord upon me, he gave insight [for] all the workings of the plan.”

59 tn Or perhaps, “don’t be discouraged.”

60 tn Heb “and with you in all work, for every willing [one] in skill for all service.”

61 tn Heb “and the officials and all the people to all your words.”

62 tn Heb “a young man and tender.”

63 tn Heb “and according to all my strength.”

64 tn Heb “the gold for the gold, and the silver for the silver, and the bronze for the bronze, and the iron for the iron, and the wood for the wood.”

65 tn See the note on the word “talents” in 19:6. Using the “light” standard talent of 67.3 lbs. (30.6 kg) as the standard for calculation, David had supplied 101 tons (91,800 kg) of gold and 235.5 tons (214,200 kg) of silver.

66 tn See the note on the word “talents” in 19:6. Using the “light” standard talent of 67.3 lbs. (30.6 kg) as the standard for calculation, the people donated 168.3 tons (153,000 kg) of gold, 336.5 tons (306,000 kg) of silver, 605.7 tons (550,800 kg) of bronze, and 3,365 tons (3,060,000 kg) of iron.

67 tn On the “daric” as a unit of measure, see BDB 204 s.v. דַּרְכְּמוֹן. Some have regarded the daric as a minted coin, perhaps even referring to the Greek drachma, but this is less likely.

sn The daric was a unit of weight perhaps equal to between 8 and 9 grams (just under one-third of an ounce), so 10,000 darics of gold would weigh between 80 and 90 kilograms (between 176 and 198 pounds).

68 tn The word “precious” is supplied in the translation for clarification.

69 tn Heb “with a complete heart.”

70 tn Heb “was rejoiced with great joy.”

71 tn Heb “assembly, and David said.” The words “and David said” are redundant according to contemporary English style and have not been included in the translation.

72 tn The words “and sovereign” are added in the translation for clarification and for stylistic reasons.

73 tn Heb “head.”

74 tn Heb “wealth and honor [are] from before you.”

75 tn Heb “and in your hand [is] strength and might and in your hand to magnify and to give strength to all.”

76 tn Heb “that we should retain strength to contribute like this.”

77 tn Heb “and from you we have given to you.”

78 tn Heb “fathers” (also in vv. 18, 20).

79 tn Or perhaps “hope.”

80 tn Heb “a heart.”

81 tn Heb “with integrity of heart.”

82 tn Heb “keep this permanently with respect to the motive of the thoughts of the heart of your people, and make firm their heart to you.”

83 tn Heb “and to Solomon my son give a complete heart to keep your commands, your rules and your regulations, and to do everything, and to build the palace [for] which I have prepared.”

84 tn Heb “they ate and drank.”

85 tn Heb “with great joy.”

86 sn See 1 Chr 23:1, where David had previously designated Solomon as king over Israel.

87 tn Heb “listened to him.”

88 tn Heb “placed a hand under Solomon the king.”

89 tn Heb “and gave to him glory of kingship which there was not concerning every king before him over Israel.”

90 map For location see Map5-B1; Map6-F3; Map7-E2; Map8-F2; Map10-B3; JP1-F4; JP2-F4; JP3-F4; JP4-F4.

91 tn Heb “satisfied with days, wealth, and honor.”

92 tn Heb “and the events of David the king, the former and the latter, look they are written in the annals of Samuel the seer, and in the annals of Nathan the prophet, and in the annals of Gad the seer.”

93 tn Heb “with all his reign and his might, and the times which passed over him and over Israel and over all the kingdoms of the lands.”