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1 Thessalonians 4:13-14

Context
The Lord Returns for Believers

4:13 Now we do not want you to be uninformed, 1  brothers and sisters, 2  about those who are asleep, 3  so that you will not grieve like the rest who have no hope. 4:14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, so also we believe that 4  God will bring with him those who have fallen asleep as Christians. 5 

1 tn Grk “ignorant.”

2 tn Grk “brothers.” See note on the phrase “brothers and sisters” in 1:4.

3 tn The verb κοιμάω (koimaw) literally means “sleep,” but it is often used in the Bible as a euphemism for death when speaking of believers. This metaphorical usage by its very nature emphasizes the hope of resurrection: Believers will one day “wake up” out of death. Here the term refers to death, but “sleep” was used in the translation to emphasize the metaphorical, rhetorical usage of the term. This word also occurs in vv. 14 and 15.

4 tn “we believe that” is understood from the first clause of the verse, which is parallel. Grk “so also God will bring.”

5 tn Grk “those who have fallen asleep through Jesus.” It is possible that “through Jesus” describes “bring,” but this gives the unlikely double reference, “through Jesus God will bring them with Jesus.” Instead it describes their “falling sleep,” since through him their death is only sleep and not the threat it once was. Also Christians are those whose total existence – life and death – is in and through and for Christ (1 Cor 8:6).



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