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1 Samuel 2:1

Hannah Exalts the Lord in Prayer

2:1 Hannah prayed, 1 

“My heart rejoices in the Lord;

my horn 2  is exalted high because of the Lord.

I loudly denounce 3  my enemies,

for I am happy that you delivered me. 4 

1 Samuel 2:30


2:30 Therefore the Lord, the God of Israel, says, ‘I really did say 5  that your house and your ancestor’s house would serve 6  me forever.’ But now the Lord says, ‘May it never be! 7  For I will honor those who honor me, but those who despise me will be cursed!

1 tn Heb “prayed and said.” This is somewhat redundant in contemporary English and has been simplified in the translation.

2 sn Horns of animals have always functioned as both offensive and defensive weapons for them. As a figure of speech the horn is therefore often used in the Bible as a symbol of human strength (see also in v. 10). The allusion in v. 1 to the horn being lifted high suggests a picture of an animal elevating its head in a display of strength or virility.

3 tn Heb “my mouth opens wide against.”

4 tn Heb “for I rejoice in your deliverance.”

5 tn The infinitive absolute appears before the finite verb for emphasis.

6 tn Heb “walk about before.”

7 tn Heb “may it be far removed from me.”

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