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1 Samuel 13:3-5

Context

13:3 Jonathan attacked the Philistine outpost 1  that was at Geba and the Philistines heard about it. Then Saul alerted 2  all the land saying, “Let the Hebrews pay attention!” 13:4 All Israel heard this message, 3  “Saul has attacked the Philistine outpost, and now Israel is repulsive 4  to the Philistines!” So the people were summoned to join 5  Saul at Gilgal.

13:5 For the battle with Israel the Philistines had amassed 3,000 6  chariots, 6,000 horsemen, and an army as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They went up and camped at Micmash, east of Beth Aven.

1 tn Or perhaps “struck down the Philistine official.” See the note at 1 Sam 10:5. Cf. TEV “killed the Philistine commander.”

2 tn Heb “blew the ram’s horn in.”

3 tn The words “this message” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.

4 tn Heb “stinks.” The figurative language indicates that Israel had become repulsive to the Philistines.

5 tn Heb “were summoned after.”

6 tn Many English versions (e.g., KJV, NASB, NRSV, TEV) read “30,000” here.



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