1 tn This verse may give the purpose or result of their “arming” themselves as called for in v. 1b and then the translation would be: “so that you may spend the rest of your time…” But it is better to take it as explanatory of the last phrase in v. 1: what it means to be finished with sin.
2 tn Grk “the Gentiles,” used here of those who are not God’s people.
3 tn Grk “to accomplish the desire of the Gentiles.”
4 tn Grk “having gone along,” referring to the readers’ behavior in time past.
5 tn According to BDAG 857 s.v. πότος the term refers to a social gathering at which wine is served, hence “drinking parties” (cf. TEV, NASB). However, the collocation with the other terms in v. 4 suggests something less sophisticated and more along the lines of wild and frenzied drinking bouts.
6 tn The Greek words here all occur in the plural to describe their common practice in the past.
7 tn Grk “in/by which,” referring to the change of behavior described in v. 3. The unbelievers are astonished by the readers’ moral transformation. Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.
8 tn Or “are surprised, are taken aback.” The same verb occurs in 4:12.
9 tn Grk “blaspheming,” giving the result of their astonishment. Here the target of their “blasphemy/vilification” is not God but the Christian.