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1 Peter 1:6-8

1:6 This brings you great joy, 1  although you may have to suffer 2  for a short time in various trials. 1:7 Such trials show the proven character of your faith, 3  which is much more valuable than gold – gold that is tested by fire, even though it is passing away 4  – and will bring praise 5  and glory and honor when Jesus Christ is revealed. 6  1:8 You 7  have not seen him, but you love him. You 8  do not see him now but you believe in him, and so you rejoice 9  with an indescribable and glorious 10  joy,

Revelation 3:18

3:18 take my advice 11  and buy gold from me refined by fire so you can become rich! Buy from me 12  white clothing so you can be clothed and your shameful nakedness 13  will not be exposed, and buy eye salve 14  to put on your eyes so you can see!

1 tn Grk “in which you exult.”

2 tc ‡ The oldest and best witnesses lack the verb (א* B, along with 1505 pc), but most mss (Ì72 א2 A C P Ψ 048 33 1739 Ï) have ἐστίν here (estin, “[if] it is [necessary]”). The verb looks to be an explanatory gloss. But if no verb is present, this opens up the time frame in the author’s mind even more, since the conditional particle for both the first class condition and the fourth class condition is εἰ (ei). That may well be what was on the author’s mind, as evidenced by some of his other allusions to suffering in this little letter (3:14, 17). NA27 has the verb in brackets, indicating doubts as to its authenticity.

tn Grk “Though now, for a little while if necessary, you may have to suffer.”

3 tn Or “genuineness,” the result of testing. On the other hand it may denote the process of testing: “that the proving of your faith…may bring praise.”

sn The author is not asserting that the quality of the readers’ faith is in doubt and will be proven by future trials. He declares their faith to be a present reality in v. 5 and 9, so in context v. 8 affirms that their faith is indeed genuine.

4 tn Grk “which is passing away but is tested by fire,” describing gold in a lesser-to-greater comparison with faith’s proven character.

5 tn Grk “that the testing of your faith…may be found unto praise,” showing the result of the trials mentioned in v. 6.

6 tn Grk “at the revelation of Jesus Christ” (cf. v. 13).

7 tn Grk “whom not having seen, you love.” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

8 tn Grk “in whom not now seeing…” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

9 tn Grk “in whom not now seeing but believing, you exult.” The participles have been translated as finite verbs due to requirements of contemporary English style.

10 tn Grk “glorified.”

11 tn Grk “I counsel you to buy.”

12 tn Grk “rich, and.” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation, repeating the words “Buy from me” to make the connection clear for the English reader.

13 tn Grk “the shame of the nakedness of you,” which has been translated as an attributed genitive like καινότητι ζωῆς (kainothti zwh") in Rom 6:4 (ExSyn 89-90).

14 sn The city of Laodicea had a famous medical school and exported a powder (called a “Phrygian powder”) that was widely used as an eye salve. It was applied to the eyes in the form of a paste the consistency of dough (the Greek term for the salve here, κολλούριον, kollourion [Latin collyrium], is a diminutive form of the word for a long roll of bread).

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