1:18 You know that from your empty way of life inherited from your ancestors you were ransomed – not by perishable things like silver or gold, 1:19 but by precious blood like that of an unblemished and spotless lamb, namely Christ. 1:20 He was foreknown 1 before the foundation of the world but 2 was manifested in these last times 3 for your sake. 1:21 Through him you now trust 4 in God, who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.
1:22 You have purified 5 your souls by obeying the truth 6 in order to show sincere mutual love. 7 So 8 love one another earnestly from a pure heart. 9 1:23 You have been born anew, not from perishable but from imperishable seed, through the living and enduring word of God. 1:24 For
all flesh 10 is like grass
and all its glory like the flower of the grass; 11
the grass withers and the flower falls off,
And this is the word that was proclaimed to you.
2 tn Greek emphasizes the contrast between these two clauses more than can be easily expressed in English.
3 tn Grk “at the last of the times.”
4 tc Although there may be only a slight difference in translation, the term translated as “trust” is the adjective πιστούς (pistous). This is neither as common nor as clear as the verb πιστεύω (pisteuw, “believe, trust”). Consequently, most
tn Grk “who through him [are] trusting,” describing the “you” of v. 20. Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.
5 tn Grk “having purified,” as the preparation for the love described in the second half of the verse.
6 tc Most later
7 tn Grk “for sincere brotherly love.”
8 tn Verses 22-23 are a single sentence in the Greek text. To improve clarity (and because contemporary English tends to use shorter sentences) these verses have been divided into three sentences in the translation. In addition, “So” has been supplied at the beginning of the second English sentence (v. 22b) to indicate the relationship with the preceding statement.
9 tc A few
10 sn Here all flesh is a metaphor for humanity – human beings as both frail and temporary.
11 tn Or “a wildflower.”
12 sn The word of the Lord is a technical expression in OT literature, often referring to a divine prophetic utterance (e.g., Gen 15:1, Isa 1:10, Jonah 1:1). In the NT it occurs 15 times: 3 times as ῥῆμα τοῦ κυρίου (rJhma tou kuriou; here and in Luke 22:61, Acts 11:16) and 12 times as λόγος τοῦ κυρίου (logo" tou kuriou; Acts 8:25; 13:44, 48, 49; 15:35, 36; 16:32; 19:10, 20; 1 Thess 1:8, 4:15; 2 Thess 3:1). As in the OT, this phrase focuses on the prophetic nature and divine origin of what has been said.