1:1 From Peter, 1 an apostle of Jesus Christ, to those temporarily residing 2 abroad 3 (in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, the province of Asia, 4 and Bithynia) who are chosen 5 1:2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father by being set apart by the Spirit for obedience and for sprinkling 6 with Jesus Christ’s blood. May grace and peace be yours in full measure! 7
1 tn Grk “Peter.” The word “from” is not in the Greek text, but has been supplied to indicate the sender of the letter.
2 tn Or “to those living as resident aliens,” “to the exiles.” This term is used metaphorically of Christians who live in this world as foreigners, since their homeland is heaven.
3 tn Grk “in the Diaspora.” The Greek term διασπορά (diaspora, “dispersion”) refers to Jews not living in Palestine but “dispersed” or scattered among the Gentiles. But here it is probably metaphorical, used of Gentile Christians spread out as God’s people in the midst of a godless world.
4 tn Grk “Asia”; in the NT this always refers to the Roman province of Asia, made up of about one-third of the west and southwest end of modern Asia Minor. Asia lay to the west of the region of Phrygia and Galatia. The words “the province of” are supplied to indicate to the modern reader that this does not refer to the continent of Asia.
5 tn Or “to the chosen sojourners…” On this reading the phrases in v. 2 describe their entire existence as sojourners, etc., not just their election.
6 sn For obedience and for sprinkling indicates the purpose of their choice or election by God.
7 tn Grk “be multiplied to you.”