9:25 Three times a year Solomon offered burnt offerings and peace offerings 7 on the altar he had built for the Lord, burning incense along with them before the Lord. He made the temple his official worship place. 8
9:26 King Solomon also built ships 9 in Ezion Geber, which is located near Elat in the land of Edom, on the shore of the Red Sea. 9:27 Hiram sent his fleet and some of his sailors, who were well acquainted with the sea, to serve with Solomon’s men. 10 9:28 They sailed 11 to Ophir, took from there four hundred twenty talents 12 of gold, and then brought them to King Solomon.
10:1 When the queen of Sheba heard about Solomon, 13 she came to challenge 14 him with difficult questions. 15 10:2 She arrived in Jerusalem 16 with a great display of pomp, 17 bringing with her camels carrying spices, 18 a very large quantity of gold, and precious gems. She visited Solomon and discussed with him everything that was on her mind. 10:3 Solomon answered all her questions; there was no question too complex for the king. 19 10:4 When the queen of Sheba saw for herself Solomon’s extensive wisdom, 20 the palace 21 he had built,
1 tn Heb “their sons who were left after them in the land, whom the sons of Israel were unable to wipe out, and Solomon raised them up for a crew of labor to this day.”
2 sn These work crews. The work crews referred to here must be different than the temporary crews described in 5:13-16.
3 tn Heb “officers of his chariots and his horses.”
4 tn Heb “these [were] the officials of the governors who were over the work belonging to Solomon, five hundred fifty, the ones ruling over the people, the ones doing the work.”
5 sn The phrase city of David refers here to the fortress of Zion in Jerusalem, not to Bethlehem. See 2 Sam 5:7.
6 tn Heb “As soon as Pharaoh’s daughter went up from the city of David to her house which he built for her, then he built the terrace.”
7 tn Or “tokens of peace”; NIV, TEV “fellowship offerings.”
8 tn Heb “and he made complete the house.”
9 tn Or “a fleet” (in which case “ships” would be implied).
10 tn Heb “and Hiram sent with the fleet his servants, men of ships, [who] know the sea, [to be] with the servants of Solomon.”
11 tn Heb “went.”
12 tn The Hebrew term כִּכָּר (kikkar, “circle”) refers generally to something that is round. When used of metals it can refer to a disk-shaped weight made of the metal or to a standard unit of weight, generally regarded as a talent. Since the accepted weight for a talent of metal is about 75 pounds, this would have amounted to about 31,500 pounds of gold (cf. NCV); CEV, NLT “sixteen tons”; TEV “more than 14,000 kilogrammes.”
13 tn Heb “the report about Solomon.” The Hebrew text also has, “to the name of the
14 tn Or “test.”
15 tn Or “riddles.”
16 map For location see Map5-B1; Map6-F3; Map7-E2; Map8-F2; Map10-B3; JP1-F4; JP2-F4; JP3-F4; JP4-F4.
17 tn Heb “with very great strength.” The Hebrew term חַיִל (khayil, “strength”) may refer here to the size of her retinue (cf. NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV) or to the great wealth she brought with her.
18 tn Or “balsam oil.”
19 tn Heb “Solomon declared to her all her words; there was not a word hidden from the king which he did not declare to her.” If riddles are specifically in view (see v. 1), then one might translate, “Solomon explained to her all her riddles; there was no riddle too complex for the king.”
20 tn Heb “all the wisdom of Solomon.”
21 tn Heb “house.”