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1 Kings 9:13

Context
9:13 Hiram asked, 1  “Why did you give me these cities, my friend 2 ?” He called that area the region of Cabul, a name which it has retained to this day. 3 

1 Kings 20:32-33

Context
20:32 So they put sackcloth around their waists and ropes on their heads and went to the king of Israel. They said, “Your servant 4  Ben Hadad says, ‘Please let me live!’” Ahab 5  replied, “Is he still alive? He is my brother.” 6  20:33 The men took this as a good omen and quickly accepted his offer, saying, “Ben Hadad is your brother.” Ahab 7  then said, “Go, get him.” So Ben Hadad came out to him, and Ahab pulled him up into his chariot.

1 tn Heb “and he said.”

2 tn Heb “my brother.” Kings allied through a parity treaty would sometimes address each other as “my brother.” See 1 Kgs 20:32-33.

3 tn Heb “he called them the land of Cabul to this day.” The significance of the name is unclear, though it appears to be disparaging. The name may be derived from a root, attested in Akkadian and Arabic, meaning “bound” or “restricted.” Some propose a wordplay, pointing out that the name “Cabul” sounds like a Hebrew phrase meaning, “like not,” or “as good as nothing.”

4 sn Your servant. By referring to Ben Hadad as Ahab’s servant, they are suggesting that Ahab make him a subject in a vassal treaty arrangement.

5 tn Heb “he”; the referent (Ahab) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

6 sn He is my brother. Ahab’s response indicates that he wants to make a parity treaty and treat Ben Hadad as an equal partner.

7 tn Heb “he”; the referent (Ahab) has been specified in the translation for clarity.



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