4:21 (5:1) 1 Solomon ruled all the kingdoms from the Euphrates River 2 to the land of the Philistines, as far as the border of Egypt. These kingdoms paid tribute as Solomon’s subjects throughout his lifetime. 3 4:22 Each day Solomon’s royal court consumed 4 thirty cors 5 of finely milled flour, sixty cors of cereal, 4:23 ten calves fattened in the stall, 6 twenty calves from the pasture, and a hundred sheep, not to mention rams, gazelles, deer, and well-fed birds. 4:24 His royal court was so large because 7 he ruled over all the kingdoms west of the Euphrates River from Tiphsah 8 to Gaza; he was at peace with all his neighbors. 9 4:25 All the people of Judah and Israel had security; everyone from Dan to Beer Sheba enjoyed the produce of their vines and fig trees throughout Solomon’s lifetime. 10
1 sn Beginning with 4:21, the verse numbers through 5:18 in the English Bible differ from the verse numbers in the Hebrew text (BHS), with 4:21 ET = 5:1 HT, 4:22 ET = 5:2 HT, etc., through 5:18 ET = 5:32 HT. Beginning with 6:1 the numbering of verses in the English Bible and the Hebrew text is again the same.
3 tn Heb “[They] were bringing tribute and were serving Solomon all the days of his life.”
4 tn Heb “the food of Solomon for each day was.”
5 tn As a unit of dry measure a cor was roughly equivalent to six bushels.
6 tn The words “in the stall” are added for clarification; note the immediately following reference to cattle from the pasture.
7 tn Heb “because.” The words “his royal court was so large” are added to facilitate the logical connection with the preceding verse.
8 sn Tiphsah. This was located on the Euphrates River.
9 tn Heb “for he was ruling over all [the region] beyond the River, from Tiphsah to Gaza, over all the kingdoms beyond the River, and he had peace on every side all around.”
10 tn Heb “Judah and Israel lived securely, each one under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan to Beer Sheba, all the days of Solomon.”