4:21 (5:1) 1 Solomon ruled all the kingdoms from the Euphrates River 2 to the land of the Philistines, as far as the border of Egypt. These kingdoms paid tribute as Solomon’s subjects throughout his lifetime. 3
1 Kings 4:24Context
4:24 His royal court was so large because 4 he ruled over all the kingdoms west of the Euphrates River from Tiphsah 5 to Gaza; he was at peace with all his neighbors. 6
1 sn Beginning with 4:21, the verse numbers through 5:18 in the English Bible differ from the verse numbers in the Hebrew text (BHS), with 4:21 ET = 5:1 HT, 4:22 ET = 5:2 HT, etc., through 5:18 ET = 5:32 HT. Beginning with 6:1 the numbering of verses in the English Bible and the Hebrew text is again the same.
3 tn Heb “[They] were bringing tribute and were serving Solomon all the days of his life.”
4 tn Heb “because.” The words “his royal court was so large” are added to facilitate the logical connection with the preceding verse.
5 sn Tiphsah. This was located on the Euphrates River.
6 tn Heb “for he was ruling over all [the region] beyond the River, from Tiphsah to Gaza, over all the kingdoms beyond the River, and he had peace on every side all around.”