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1 Kings 2:1-11

Context
David’s Final Words to Solomon

2:1 When David was close to death, 1  he told 2  Solomon his son: 2:2 “I am about to die. 3  Be strong and become a man! 2:3 Do the job the Lord your God has assigned you 4  by following his instructions 5  and obeying 6  his rules, commandments, regulations, and laws as written in the law of Moses. Then you will succeed in all you do and seek to accomplish, 7  2:4 and the Lord will fulfill his promise to me, 8  ‘If your descendants watch their step 9  and live faithfully in my presence 10  with all their heart and being, 11  then,’ he promised, 12  ‘you will not fail to have a successor on the throne of Israel.’ 13 

2:5 “You know what Joab son of Zeruiah did to me – how he murdered two commanders of the Israelite armies, Abner son of Ner and Amasa son of Jether. 14  During peacetime he struck them down like he would in battle; 15  when he shed their blood as if in battle, he stained his own belt and the sandals on his feet. 16  2:6 Do to him what you think is appropriate, 17  but don’t let him live long and die a peaceful death. 18 

2:7 “Treat fairly 19  the sons of Barzillai of Gilead and provide for their needs, 20  because they helped me 21  when I had to flee from your brother Absalom.

2:8 “Note well, you still have to contend with Shimei son of Gera, the Benjaminite from Bahurim, 22  who tried to call down upon me a horrible judgment when I went to Mahanaim. 23  He came down and met me at the Jordan, and I solemnly promised 24  him by the Lord, ‘I will not strike you down 25  with the sword.’ 2:9 But now 26  don’t treat him as if he were innocent. You are a wise man and you know how to handle him; 27  make sure he has a bloody death.” 28 

2:10 Then David passed away 29  and was buried in the city of David. 30  2:11 David reigned over Israel forty years; he reigned in Hebron seven years, and in Jerusalem 31  thirty-three years.

1 tn Heb “and the days of David approached to die.”

2 tn Or “commanded.”

3 tn Heb “going the way of all the earth.”

4 tn Heb “keep the charge of the Lord your God.”

5 tn Heb “by walking in his ways.”

6 tn Or “keeping.”

7 tn Heb “then you will cause to succeed all which you do and all which you turn there.”

8 tn Heb “then the Lord will establish his word which he spoke to me, saying.”

9 tn Heb “guard their way.”

10 tn Heb “by walking before me in faithfulness.”

11 tn Or “soul.”

12 tn Heb “saying.”

13 tn Heb “there will not be cut off from you a man from upon the throne of Israel.”

14 tn Heb “what he did to the two commanders…and he killed them.”

15 tn Heb “he shed the blood of battle in peace.”

16 tn Heb “and he shed the blood of battle when he killed which is on his waist and on his sandal[s] which are on his feet.” That is, he covered himself with guilt and his guilt was obvious to all who saw him.

17 tn Heb “according to your wisdom.”

18 tn Heb “and do not bring down his grey hair in peace [to] Sheol.”

19 tn Heb “do loyalty with”; or “act faithfully toward.”

20 tn Heb “and let them be among the ones who eat [at] your table.”

21 tn Heb “drew near to.”

22 tn Heb “Look, with you is Shimei….”

23 tn Heb “and he cursed me with a horrible curse on the day I went to Mahanaim.”

24 tn Or “swore an oath to.”

25 tn Heb “kill you.”

26 tc The Lucianic recension of the Old Greek and the Vulgate have here “you” rather than “now.” The two words are homonyms in Hebrew.

27 tn Heb “what you should do to him.”

28 tn Heb “bring his grey hair down in blood [to] Sheol.”

29 tn Heb “and David lay down with his fathers.”

30 sn The phrase the city of David refers here to the fortress of Zion in Jerusalem, not to Bethlehem. See 2 Sam 5:7.

31 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.



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