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1 Chronicles 2:3-20

Context
Judah’s Descendants

2:3 The sons of Judah:

Er, Onan, and Shelah. These three were born to him by Bathshua, 1  a Canaanite woman. Er, Judah’s firstborn, displeased the Lord, so the Lord killed him. 2 

2:4 Tamar, Judah’s 3  daughter-in-law, bore to him Perez and Zerah. Judah had five sons in all.

2:5 The sons of Perez:

Hezron and Hamul.

2:6 The sons of Zerah:

Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Kalkol, Dara 4  – five in all.

2:7 The son 5  of Carmi:

Achan, 6  who brought the disaster on Israel when he stole what was devoted to God. 7 

2:8 The son 8  of Ethan:

Azariah.

2:9 The sons born to Hezron:

Jerahmeel, Ram, and Caleb. 9 

Ram’s Descendants

2:10 Ram was the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab was the father of Nahshon, the tribal chief of Judah. 2:11 Nahshon was the father of Salma, 10  and Salma was the father of Boaz. 2:12 Boaz was the father of Obed, and Obed was the father of Jesse.

2:13 Jesse was the father of Eliab, his firstborn; Abinadab was born second, Shimea third, 2:14 Nethanel fourth, Raddai fifth, 2:15 Ozem sixth, David seventh. 2:16 Their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. Zeruiah’s three sons were Abshai, 11  Joab, and Asahel. 2:17 Abigail bore Amasa, whose father was Jether the Ishmaelite.

Caleb’s Descendants

2:18 Caleb son of Hezron fathered sons by his wife Azubah (also known as Jerioth). 12  Her sons were Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon. 2:19 When Azubah died, Caleb married 13  Ephrath, who bore him Hur. 2:20 Hur was the father of Uri, and Uri was the father of Bezalel.

1 tn The name means “daughter of Shua.” Shua is identified in Gen 38:2 as a “Canaanite man.”

2 tn Heb “was evil in the eyes of the Lord, so he [i.e., the Lord] killed him [i.e., Er].”

3 tn Heb “his”; the referent (Judah) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

4 tc Many medieval Hebrew mss, some LXX mss, and Syriac read “Darda” (see 1 Kgs 4:31 ET = 1 Kgs 5:11 HT).

5 tn Heb “sons.” The Hebrew text has the plural, but only one son is listed.

6 tc The Hebrew text has “Achar,” which means “disaster,” but a few medieval Hebrew mss read “Achan.” See Josh 7:1.

7 tn Heb “the troubler of Israel who was unfaithful with respect to the devoted [things].”

8 tn Heb “sons.” The Hebrew text has the plural, but only one son is listed.

9 tn The Hebrew text has “Celubai,” but see v. 18, where Caleb is described as the son of Hezron.

10 tc The LXX reads “Salmon” (cf. Ruth 4:21) and is followed by some English versions (e.g., NIV, NCV, TEV, NLT).

11 tn In 2 Sam 2:18 this name appears as “Abishai,” a spelling followed by many English versions here.

12 tn Heb “and Caleb son of Hezron fathered [children] with Azubah, a wife, and with Jerioth.” Jerioth could be viewed as a second wife (so NLT; cf. also NASB, NIV, NRSV), but the following context mentions only “her [presumably Azubah’s] sons.” Another option, the one chosen in the translation, is that Jerioth is another name for Azubah.

13 tn Heb “took for himself.”



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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