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1 Chronicles 1:1-26

Context
Adam’s Descendants

1:1 Adam, Seth, Enosh, 1:2 Kenan, Mahalalel, Jered, 1:3 Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, 1:4 Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. 1 

Japheth’s Descendants

1:5 The sons of Japheth:

Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.

1:6 The sons of Gomer:

Ashkenaz, Riphath, 2  and Togarmah.

1:7 The sons 3  of Javan:

Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites, and the Rodanites. 4 

Ham’s Descendants

1:8 The sons of Ham:

Cush, Mizraim, 5  Put, and Canaan.

1:9 The sons of Cush:

Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raamah, and Sabteca.

The sons of Raamah:

Sheba and Dedan.

1:10 Cush was the father of Nimrod, who established himself as a mighty warrior on earth. 6 

1:11 Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 1:12 Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whom the Philistines descended 7 ), and the Caphtorites.

1:13 Canaan was the father of Sidon – his firstborn – and Heth, 1:14 as well as the Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 1:15 Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, 1:16 Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hamathites.

Shem’s Descendants

1:17 The sons of Shem:

Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.

The sons of Aram: 8 

Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech. 9 

1:18 Arphaxad was the father of Shelah, and Shelah was the father of Eber. 1:19 Two sons were born to Eber: the first was named Peleg, for during his lifetime the earth was divided; 10  his brother’s name was Joktan.

1:20 Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 1:21 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 1:22 Ebal, 11  Abimael, Sheba, 1:23 Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.

1:24 Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah, 12  1:25 Eber, Peleg, Reu, 1:26 Serug, Nahor, Terah,

1 tc The LXX reads “Noah; the sons of Noah [were] Shem, Ham, and Japheth.” Several English translations (e.g., NIV, NLT) follow the LXX.

sn Shem, Ham, and Japheth were Noah’s three sons (Gen 6:10).

2 tc Many medieval Hebrew mss, along with the LXX and Vulgate, read “Riphath” (see Gen 10:3). This is followed by several English translations (e.g., NAB, NIV, NLT), while others (e.g., ASV, NASB, NRSV) follow the MT reading (“Diphath”).

3 tn Or in this case, “descendants.”

4 tc The Kethiv has “Rodanim,” which probably refers to the island of Rhodes. The Qere has “Dodanim,” which refers to one of the most ancient and revered locations in ancient Greece. The MT and most medieval Hebrew mss of the parallel list in Gen 10:4 read “Dodanim,” but a few have “Rodanim.”

tn Heb “Kittim and Rodanim.”

5 tn That is, “Egypt.”

6 tn Heb “he began to be a mighty warrior in the earth.”

7 tn Heb “came forth.”

8 tc The words “the sons of Aram” do not appear in the Hebrew text. Apparently the phrase וּבְנֵי אֲרָם (uvÿneyaram) has accidentally dropped out of the text by homoioteleuton (note the presence of אֲרָם just before this). The phrase is included in Gen 10:23.

9 tc The MT of the parallel geneaology in Gen 10:23 reads “Mash,” but the LXX there reads “Meshech” in agreement with 1 Chr 1:17.

10 sn Perhaps this refers to the scattering of the people at Babel (Gen 11:1-9).

11 tc Some medieval Hebrew mss and the Syriac read “Obal” (see Gen 10:28).

12 tc Some LXX mss read “Arphaxad, Cainan, Shelah” (see also the notes on Gen 10:24; 11:12-13).



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