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eschatological | eschatologically | eschatologist | eschatology | eschaunge | escheat | escheatable | escheatage | escheator | escherichia | escherichia coli

escheat

 : 
Noun, Verb (usu participle)
 : 
es=cheat

CIDE DICTIONARY

escheatn. [OE. eschete, escheyte, an escheat, fr. OF. escheit, escheoit, escheeite, esheoite, fr. escheoir (F. échoir) to fall to, fall to the lot of; pref. es- (L. ex) + cheoir, F. choir, to fall, fr. L. cadere. See Chance, and cf. Cheat.].
  •  The falling back or reversion of lands, by some casualty or accident, to the lord of the fee, in consequence of the extinction of the blood of the tenant, which may happen by his dying without heirs, and formerly might happen by corruption of blood, that is, by reason of a felony or attainder.  [1913 Webster]
    " A distinction is carefully made, by English writers, between escheat to the lord of the fee and forfeiture to the crown. But in this country, where the State holds the place of chief lord of the fee, and is entitled to take alike escheat and by forfeiture, this distinction is not essential."  Tomlins. Kent.
  •  Lands which fall to the lord or the State by escheat.  [1913 Webster]
  •  That which falls to one; a reversion or return  [1913 Webster]
    "To make me great by others' loss is bad escheat."  [1913 Webster]
escheatv. i. 
     To revert, or become forfeited, to the lord, the crown, or the State, as lands by the failure of persons entitled to hold the same, or by forfeiture.  [1913 Webster]
    " In this country it is the general rule that when the title to land fails by defect of heirs or devisees, it necessarily escheats to the State; but forfeiture of estate from crime is hardly known in this country, and corruption of blood is universally abolished."  Kent. Bouvier.  [1913 Webster]
escheatv. t. 
     To forfeit.  Bp. Hall.  [1913 Webster]

OXFORD DICTIONARY

escheat, n. & v. hist.
--n.
1 the reversion of property to the State, or (in feudal law) to a lord, on the owner's dying without legal heirs.
2 property affected by this.
--v.
1 tr. hand over (property) as an escheat.
2 tr. confiscate.
3 intr. revert by escheat.

Etymology
ME f. OF eschete, ult. f. L excidere (as EX-(1), cadere fall)

ROGET THESAURUS

escheat

Penalty

N penalty, retribution, pain, pains and penalties, weregild, wergild, peine forte et dure, penance, the devil to pay, fine, mulct, amercement, forfeit, forfeiture, escheat, damages, deodand, sequestration, confiscation, premunire, doomage.

VB fine, mulct, amerce, sconce, confiscate, sequestrate, sequester, escheat, estreat, forfeit.


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