Also see definition of "by" in Bible Study Dictionaries
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Index
: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
[2x]
: B B- B. Ba Bb Bc Bd Be Bh Bi Bj Bk Bl Bm Bn Bo Bp Br Bs Bt Bu Bv Bw By
bvd's | bw | bw defence | bw defense | bwr | by | by a long shot | by all means | by all odds | by and by | by and large

by

 : 
Noun, Adverb, Preposition
 : 
2707 in 2346 verses (in OT : 1805 in 1575 verses) (in NT : 902 in 771 verses)

CIDE DICTIONARY

byprep. [OE. bi, AS. , big, near to, by, of, from, after, according to; akin to OS. & OFries. bi, be, D. bij, OHG. , G. bei, Goth. bi, and perh. Gr. 'amfi`. E. prefix be- is orig. the same word. pref. Be-.].
  •  In the neighborhood of; near or next to; not far from; close to; along with; as, come and sit by me.  [1913 Webster]
    "By foundation or by shady rivulet
    He sought them both.
    "  [1913 Webster]
  •  On; along; in traversing. Compare 5.  [1913 Webster]
    "Long labors both by sea and land he bore."  [1913 Webster]
    "By land, by water, they renew the charge."  [1913 Webster]
  •  Near to, while passing; hence, from one to the other side of; past; as, to go by a church.  [1913 Webster]
  •  Used in specifying adjacent dimensions; as, a cabin twenty feet by forty.  [1913 Webster]
  •  Against.  Tyndale [1. Cor. iv. 4].  [1913 Webster]
  •  With, as means, way, process, etc.; through means of; with aid of; through; through the act or agency of; as, a city is destroyed by fire; profit is made by commerce; to take by force.  [1913 Webster]
    "To the meaning of by, as denoting means or agency, belong, more or less closely, most of the following uses of the word: (a) It points out the author and producer; as, “Waverley”, a novel by Sir W.Scott; a statue by Canova; a sonata by Beethoven. (b) In an oath or adjuration, it indicates the being or thing appealed to as sanction; as, I affirm to you by all that is sacred; he swears by his faith as a Christian; no, by Heaven. (c) According to; by direction, authority, or example of; after; -- in such phrases as, it appears by his account; ten o'clock by my watch; to live by rule; a model to build by. (d) At the rate of; according to the ratio or proportion of; in the measure or quantity of; as, to sell cloth by the yard, milk by the quart, eggs by the dozen, meat by the pound; to board by the year. (e) In comparison, it denotes the measure of excess or deficiency; when anything is increased or diminished, it indicates the measure of increase or diminution; as, larger by a half; older by five years; to lessen by a third. (f) It expresses continuance or duration; during the course of; within the period of; as, by day, by night. (g) As soon as; not later than; near or at; -- used in expressions of time; as, by this time the sun had risen; he will be here by two o'clock."  [1913 Webster]
    "In boxing the compass, by indicates a pint nearer to, or towards, the next cardinal point; as, north by east, i.e., a point towards the east from the north; northeast by east, i.e., on point nearer the east than northeast is."  [1913 Webster]
    " With is used instead of by before the instrument with which anything is done; as, to beat one with a stick; the board was fastened by the carpenter with nails. But there are many words which may be regarded as means or processes, or, figuratively, as instruments; and whether with or by shall be used with them is a matter of arbitrary, and often, of unsettled usage; as, to a reduce a town by famine; to consume stubble with fire; he gained his purpose by flattery; he entertained them with a story; he distressed us with or by a recital of his sufferings. see With."  [1913 Webster]
    "In this phrase, by seems to be used in the sense of nearness in time, and to be repeated for the sake of emphasis, and thus to be equivalent to “soon, and soon,” that is instantly; hence, -- less emphatically, -- pretty soon, presently."  [1913 Webster]
    " The common phrase good-by is equivalent to farewell, and would be better written good-bye, as it is a corruption of God be with you (b'w'ye)."  [1913 Webster]
byadv. 
  •  Near; in the neighborhood; present; as, there was no person by at the time.  [1913 Webster]
  •  Passing near; going past; past; beyond; as, the procession has gone by; a bird flew by.  [1913 Webster]
  •  Aside; as, to lay by; to put by.  [1913 Webster]
bya. 
     Out of the common path; aside; -- used in composition, giving the meaning of something aside, secondary, or incidental, or collateral matter, a thing private or avoiding notice; as, by-line, by-place, by-play, by-street. It was formerly more freely used in composition than it is now; as, by-business, by-concernment, by-design, by-interest, etc.  [1913 Webster]

OXFORD DICTIONARY

by, prep., adv., & n.
--prep.
1 near, beside, in the region of (stand by the door; sit by me; path by the river).
2 through the agency, means, instrumentality, or causation of (by proxy; bought by a millionaire; a poem by Donne; went by bus; succeeded by persisting; divide four by two).
3 not later than; as soon as (by next week; by now; by the time he arrives).
4 a past, beyond (drove by the church; came by us). b passing through; via (went by Paris).
5 in the circumstances of (by day; by daylight).
6 to the extent of (missed by a foot; better by far).
7 according to; using as a standard or unit (judge by appearances; paid by the hour).
8 with the succession of (worse by the minute; day by day; one by one).
9 concerning; in respect of (did our duty by them; Smith by name; all right by me).
10 used in mild oaths (orig. = as surely as one believes in) (by God; by gum; swear by all that is sacred).
11 placed between specified lengths in two directions (three feet by two).
12 avoiding, ignoring (pass by him; passed us by).
13 inclining to (north by north-west).
--adv.
1 near (sat by, watching; lives close by).
2 aside; in reserve (put {pound}5 by).
3 past (they marched by).
--n. = BYE.

Idiom
by and by before long; eventually. by and large on the whole, everything considered. by the by (or bye) incidentally, parenthetically. by oneself
1 a unaided. b without prompting.
2 alone; without company.
Etymology
OE bi, bi, be f. Gmc

THESAURUS

by

abeam, abreast, accommodated to, according to, adapted to, adieu, adjusted to, after, agreeable to, agreeably to, all through, along by, alongside, among, answerable to, around, as to, aside, at, back, beside, by dint of, by means of, by use of, by virtue of, by way of, bye-bye, conformable to, congruent with, consistent with, farewell, from, good-bye, hereby, herewith, in, in accordance with, in agreement with, in compliance with, in conformity with, in correspondence to, in harmony with, in keeping with, in line with, in lock-step with, in obedience to, in reserve, in step with, in uniformity with, in virtue of, near, nearby, next to, nigh, on, over, passing by, passing through, per, proper to, round, round about, so long, suitable for, thanks to, thereby, therewith, through, to, toward, uniform with, upon, via, whereby, wherewith, wherewithal, with

ROGET THESAURUS

by

Motive

N motive, springs of action, wellsprings of action, reason, ground, call, principle, by end, by purpose, mainspring, primum mobile, keystone, the why and the wherefore, pro and con, reason why, secret motive, arriere pensee, intention, inducement, consideration, attraction, loadstone, magnet, magnetism, magnetic force, allectation, allective, temptation, enticement, agacerie, allurement, witchery, bewitchment, bewitchery, charm, spell, fascination, blandishment, cajolery, seduction, seducement, honeyed words, voice of the tempter, song of the Sirens forbidden fruit, golden apple, persuasibility, persuasibleness, attractability, impressibility, susceptibility, softness, persuasiveness, attractiveness, tantalization, influence, prompting, dictate, instance, impulse, impulsion, incitement, incitation, press, instigation, provocation, inspiration, persuasion, suasion, encouragement, advocacy, exhortation, advice, solicitation, lobbyism, pull, incentive, stimulus, spur, fillip, whip, goad, ankus, rowel, provocative, whet, dram, bribe, lure, decoy, decoy duck, bait, trail of a red herring, bribery and corruption, sop, sop for Cerberus, prompter, tempter, seducer, seductor, instigator, firebrand, incendiary, Siren, Circe, agent provocateur, lobbyist, impulsive, motive, suasive, suasory, persuasive, persuasory, hortative, hortatory, protreptical, inviting, tempting suasive, suasory, seductive, attractive, fascinating, provocative, induced, disposed, persuadable, spellbound, instinct with, smitten with, infatuated, inspired, by, because, therefore, from this motive, from that motive, for this reason, for that reason, for, by reason of, for the sake of, count of, out of, from, as, forasmuch as, for all the world, on principle, fax mentis incendium gloriae, temptation hath a music for all ears, to beguile many and be beguiled by one.

Instrumentality

N instrumentality, aid, subservience, subserviency, mediation, intervention, medium, intermedium, vehicle, hand, agency, minister, handmaid, midwife, accoucheur, accoucheuse, obstetrician, gobetween, cat's-paw, stepping-stone, opener, key, master key, passkey, latchkey, open sesame, passport, passe-partout, safe-conduct, password, instrument, expedient, means, instrumental, useful, ministerial, subservient, mediatorial, intermediate, intervening, conducive, through, by, per, whereby, thereby, hereby, by the agency of, by dint of, by virtue of, in virtue of, through the medium of, along with, on the shoulders of, by means of, by the aid of, with the aid of, per fas et nefas, by fair means or foul, somehow, somehow or other, by hook or by crook.


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