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grassroots | grassy | grassy death camas | grassy-leafed | grassy-leaved | Grate | grate on | grated | grated cheese | grateful | gratefully

Grate

RELATED WORD :


 : 
Noun, Verb (transitive)

CIDE DICTIONARY

Gratea. [L. gratus agreeable, grateful: cf. It. & Sp. grato. See Grace, and cf. Agree.].
     Serving to gratify; agreeable.  Sir T. Herbert.  [1913 Webster]
Graten. [LL. grata, fr. L. crates hurdle; or It. grata, of the same origin. Sae Crate, Hurdle.].
  •  A structure or frame containing parallel or crosed bars, with interstices; a kind of latticework, such as is used ia the windows of prisons and cloisters.  Shak.  [1913 Webster]
  •  A frame or bed, or kind of basket, of iron bars, for holding fuel while burning.  [1913 Webster]
Grate surface (Steam, Boiler) the area of the surface of the grate upon which the fuel lies in the furnace.
Gratev. t. 
     To furnish with grates; to protect with a grating or crossbars; as, to grate a window.  [1913 Webster]
Gratev. t. [OF grater to scrape, scratch, F. gratter, LL. gratare, cratare; of German origin; cf. OHG. chrazz G. kratzen, D. krassen, Sw. Kratta, and perh. E. scratch.].
  •  To rub roughly or harshly, as one body against another, causing a harsh sound; as, to grate the teeth; to produce (a harsh sound) by rubbing.  [1913 Webster]
    "On their hinges grate
    Harsh thunder.
    "  [1913 Webster]
  •  To reduce to small particles by rubbing with anything rough or indented; as, to grate a nutmeg.  [1913 Webster]
  •  To fret; to irritate; to offend.  [1913 Webster]
    "News, my good lord Rome . . . grates me."  [1913 Webster]
Gratev. i. 
  •  To make a harsh sound by friction.  [1913 Webster]
    "I had rather hear a brazen canstick turned,
    Or a dry wheel grate on the exletree.
    "  [1913 Webster]
  •  To produce the effect of rubbing with a hard rough material; to cause wearing, tearing, or bruising. Hence; To produce exasperation, soreness, or grief; to offend by oppression or importunity.  [1913 Webster]
    "This grated harder upon the hearts of men."  [1913 Webster]

OXFORD DICTIONARY

Grate, v.
1 tr. reduce to small particles by rubbing on a serrated surface.
2 intr. (often foll. by against, on) rub with a harsh scraping sound.
3 tr. utter in a harsh tone.
4 intr. (often foll. by on) a sound harshly or discordantly. b have an irritating effect.
5 tr. grind (one's teeth).
6 intr. (of a hinge etc.) creak.

Grate, n.
1 the recess of a fireplace or furnace.
2 a metal frame confining fuel in a grate.

Etymology
ME, = grating f. OF ult. f. L cratis hurdle

THESAURUS

Grate

ablate, abrade, abrase, afflict, aggravate, agonize, ail, andiron, annoy, arabesque, atomize, bark, basketry, basketwork, beat, bite, bolter, bray, brecciate, burn, burn up, cancellation, chafe, chain, clash, coal tongs, colander, comminute, conflict, contriturate, convulse, crane, craunch, crook, cross-hatching, crossing-out, crucify, crumb, crumble, crump, crunch, crush, cut, damper, disintegrate, distress, erase, erode, exacerbate, excruciate, fester, file, filigree, fire hook, fire tongs, firedog, flour, fragment, fray, frazzle, fret, fretwork, gall, get, give pain, gnaw, gnaw away, grain, granulate, granulize, grate on, grating, gravel, graze, grid, griddle, gridiron, grill, grille, griller, grillwork, grind, grind to powder, gripe, grit, hachure, harrow, hatching, hit a clinker, hurt, inflame, inflict pain, interlacement, intertexture, intertwinement, irk, irritate, jangle, jar, jostle, kill by inches, lace, lacerate, lacery, lacework, lacing, lattice, latticework, levigate, lifter, martyr, martyrize, mash, mesh, meshes, meshwork, mill, net, netting, nettle, network, nip, pain, peeve, pester, pestle, pierce, pinch, pique, plexure, plexus, poker, pothook, pound, powder, prick, prolong the agony, provoke, pulverize, put to torture, rack, raddle, rankle, rasp, raze, reduce to powder, reticle, reticulation, reticule, reticulum, riddle, rile, rub, rub away, rub off, rub out, salamander, scour, scranch, scrape, scratch, screech, screen, screening, scrub, scrunch, scuff, set on edge, shard, shred, sieve, sifter, skin, smash, sorter, spit, squash, stab, sting, stridulate, texture, tissue, tongs, torment, torture, tracery, trellis, trelliswork, tripod, triturate, trivet, turnspit, tweak, twist, unstring, untune, vex, wattle, wear, wear away, weave, weaving, web, webbing, webwork, weft, wicker, wickerwork, wound, wring

ROGET THESAURUS

Grate

Pulverulence

VB come to dust, be disintegrated, be reduced to powder reduce to powder, grind to powder, pulverize, comminute, granulate, triturate, levigate, scrape, file, abrade, rub down, grind, grate, rasp, pound, bray, bruise, contuse, contund, beat, crush, cranch, craunch, crunch, scranch, crumble, disintegrate, attenuate.

Physical Pain

VB feel pain, experience pain, suffer pain, undergo pain, suffer, ache, smart, bleed, tingle, shoot, twinge, twitch, lancinate, writhe, wince, make a wry face, sit on thorns, sit on pins and needles, give pain, inflict pain, lacerate, pain, hurt, chafe, sting, bite, gnaw, gripe, pinch, tweak, grate, gall, fret, prick, pierce, wring, convulse, torment, torture, rack, agonize, crucify, cruciate, excruciate, break on the wheel, put to the rack, flog, grate on the ear.

Furnace

N furnace, stove, kiln, oven, cracker, hearth, focus, combustion chamber, athanor, hypocaust, reverberatory, volcano, forge, fiery furnace, limekiln, Dutch oven, tuyere, brasier, salamander, heater, warming pan, boiler, caldron, seething caldron, pot, urn, kettle, chafing-dish, retort, crucible, alembic, still, waffle irons, muffle furnace, induction furnace, electric heater, electric furnace, electric resistance heat, open-hearth furnace, fireplace, gas fireplace, coal fire, wood fire, fire-dog, fire- irons, grate, range, kitchener, caboose, camboose, poker, tongs, shovel, ashpan, hob, trivet, andiron, gridiron, ashdrop, frying-pan, stew-pan, backlog, hearth, inglenook, oil burner, gas burner, Franklin stove, pot-bellied stove, wood-burning stove, central heating, steam heat, hot water heat, gas heat, forced hot air, electric heat, heat pump, solar heat, convective heat, hothouse, bakehouse, washhouse, laundry, conservatory, sudatory, Turkish bath, Russian bath, vapor bath, steam bath, sauna, warm bath, vaporarium.

Stridor

VB creak, grate, jar, burr, pipe, twang, jangle, clank, clink, scream, yelp, buzz, set the teeth on edge, corcher les oreilles, pierce the ears, split the ears, split the head, offend the ear, grate upon the ear, jar upon the ear.


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