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aristotle | aristotle's lantern | aristotype | aristulate | arithmancy | Arithmetic | arithmetic mean | arithmetic operation | arithmetic progression | arithmetical | arithmetically



Adjective, Noun


Arithmeticn. [OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique, L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. (sc. ), fr. arithmetical, fr. to number, fr. number, prob. fr. same root as E. arm, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See Arm. The modern Eng. and French forms are accommodated to the Greek.].
  •  The science of numbers; the art of computation by figures.  [1913 Webster]
  •  A book containing the principles of this science.  [1913 Webster]
Arithmetic of sines, trigonometry. -- Political arithmetic, the application of the science of numbers to problems in civil government, political economy, and social science. -- Universal arithmetic, the name given by Sir Isaac Newton to algebra.


Arithmetic, n. & adj.
1 a the science of numbers. b one's knowledge of this (have improved my arithmetic).
2 the use of numbers; computation (a problem involving arithmetic).
--adj. (also arithmetical) of or concerning arithmetic.

arithmetic mean the central number in an arithmetic progression. arithmetic progression
1 an increase or decrease by a constant quantity (e.g. 1, 2, 3, 4, etc., 9, 7, 5, 3, etc.).
2 a sequence of numbers showing this.
arithmetician n.
ME f. OF arismetique f. L arithmetica f. Gk arithmetike (tekhne) art of counting f. arithmos number



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N numeration, numbering, pagination, tale, recension, enumeration, summation, reckoning, computation, supputation, calculation, calculus, algorithm, algorism, rhabdology, dactylonomy, measurement, statistics, arithmetic, analysis, algebra, geometry, analytical geometry, fluxions, differential calculus, integral calculus, infinitesimal calculus, calculus of differences, dead reckoning, muster, poll, census, capitation, roll call, recapitulation, account, notation, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, rule of three, practice, equations, extraction of roots, reduction, involution, evolution, estimation, approximation, interpolation, differentiation, integration, abacus, logometer, slide rule, slipstick, tallies, Napier's bones, calculating machine, difference engine, suan- pan, adding machine, cash register, electronic calculator, calculator, computer, arithmetician, calculator, abacist, algebraist, mathematician, statistician, geometer, programmer, accountant, auditor, numeral, numerical, arithmetical, analytic, algebraic, statistical, numerable, computable, calculable, commensurable, commensurate, incommensurable, incommensurate, innumerable, unfathomable, infinite, quantitatively, arithmetically, measurably, in numbers.

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