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alcides | alco | alcoömetry | alcoate | alcohate | Alcohol | alcohol abuse | alcohol addiction | alcohol amnestic disorder | alcohol group | alcohol radical

Alcohol

RELATED WORDS :


 : 
Noun
 : 
al=co=hol

CIDE DICTIONARY

Alcoholn. [Cf. F. alcool, formerly written alcohol, Sp. alcohol alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol; all fr. Ar. al-kohl a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was afterwards applied, on account of the fineness of this powder, to highly rectified spirits, a signification unknown in Arabia. The Sp. word has both meanings. Cf. Alquifou.].
  •  An impalpable powder.  [1913 Webster]
  •  The fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation.  Boyle.  [1913 Webster]
  •  Pure spirit of wine; pure or highly rectified spirit (called also ethyl alcohol or ethanol, CH3.CH2.OH); the spirituous or intoxicating element of fermented or distilled liquors, or more loosely a liquid containing it in considerable quantity. It is extracted by simple distillation from various vegetable juices and infusions of a saccharine nature, which have undergone vinous fermentation.
    "[The ferementation is usually carried out by addition of brewer's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae to an aqueous solution containing carbohydrates.]"  [1913 Webster]
    " As used in the U. S. “Pharmacopalcohol contains 91 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 9 per cent of water; and diluted alcohol (proof spirit) contains 45.5 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 54.5 per cent of water."  [1913 Webster]
  •  A class of compounds analogous to vinic alcohol in constitution. Chemically speaking, they are hydroxides of certain organic radicals; as, the radical ethyl forms common or ethyl alcohol (C2H5.OH); methyl forms methyl alcohol (CH3.OH) or wood spirit; amyl forms amyl alcohol (C5H11.OH) or fusel oil, etc.  [1913 Webster]

OXFORD DICTIONARY

Alcohol, n.
1 (in full ethyl alcohol) a colourless volatile inflammable liquid forming the intoxicating element in wine, beer, spirits, etc., and also used as a solvent, as fuel, etc. Also called ETHANOL.

Usage
Chem. formula: C2H5OH 2 any liquor containing this.
3 Chem. any of a large class of organic compounds that contain one or more hydroxyl groups attached to carbon atoms.
Etymology
F or med.L f. Arab. al-kuhl f. al the + kuhl KOHL

THESAURUS

Alcohol

Amytal, Amytal pill, Argyrol, Chile saltpeter, Demerol, Dial, Dolophine, H, John Barleycorn, Luminal, Luminal pill, M, Mercurochrome, Merthiolate, Mickey Finn, Nembutal, Nembutal pill, Salol, Seconal, Seconal pill, Sulfonal, Trional, Tuinal, Tuinal pill, absolute alcohol, acetate, acetone, alcoholic beverage, alcoholic drink, aldehyde, amine, ammonia, amobarbital sodium, amyl alcohol, analgesic, anhydride, anodyne, antifreeze, aqua regia, aqua vitae, ardent spirits, arsenate, arsenite, barb, barbital, barbiturate, barbiturate pill, barbituric acid, basic anhydride, belladonna, benzine, benzoate, beverage, bicarbonate, bicarbonate of soda, bichloride of mercury, bisulfate, black stuff, blue, blue angel, blue devil, blue heaven, blue velvet, booze, borate, borax, boric acid, brew, briquette, bromide, burnable, butane, calcium carbonate, calcium hydroxide, calmative, calomel, camphor, carbide, carbohydrate, carbolic acid, carbon, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, carbon tet, carbon tetrachloride, carbonate, charcoal, chloral hydrate, chloramine, chlorate, chlorite, chloroform, chromate, citrate, coal, codeine, codeine cough syrup, coke, combustible, copperas, cresol, cyanide, dehydrated alcohol, depressant, depressor, dichromate, dioxide, disulfide, dolly, dope, downer, drink, ester, ethane, ethanol, ether, ethyl, ethyl alcohol, ethylene glycol, fireball, firewater, firing, flammable, flammable material, fluoride, formaldehyde, fuel, fuel additive, fuel dope, fulminate, gas, gas carbon, gasoline, gentian violet, goofball, gramicidin, grog, halide, halogen, hard liquor, hard stuff, heptane, heroin, hexachloraphene, hexane, hooch, hop, horse, hydrate, hydride, hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxide, hyoscyamine, hypnotic, hypochlorite, inebriant, inflammable, inflammable material, intoxicant, intoxicating liquor, iodide, iodine, isooctane, isopropyl alcohol, jet fuel, juice, junk, kerosene, ketone, knockout drops, lactate, laudanum, liquor, little brown jug, lotus, meperidine, methadone, methane, methanol, methyl, methyl alcohol, monoxide, moonshine, morphia, morphine, narcotic, natural gas, niter, nitrate, nitride, nitrite, octane, oil, opiate, opium, oxalate, oxide, pacifier, pain killer, paraffin, paraldehyde, paregoric, peat, pen yan, pentane, pentobarbital, permanganate, peroxide, petrochemical, phenobarbital, phenobarbital sodium, phenol, phenyl salicylate, phosphate, phosphide, potable, potash, potassium nitrate, potation, propane, propellant, punch bowl, purple heart, quietener, rainbow, red, reserpine, resorcinol, rocket fuel, rum, sal ammoniac, salt, saltpeter, sauce, scag, schnapps, scopolamine, secobarbital sodium, sedative, shit, silicate, silver vitellin, sleep-inducer, sleeper, sleeping draught, sleeping pill, smack, social lubricant, sodium bicarbonate, sodium bromide, sodium chloride, sodium hypochlorite, sodium thiopental, somnifacient, soother, soothing syrup, soporific, spirits, strong drink, strong waters, sulfate, sulfide, sulfite, tar, tartrate, thalidomide, the Demon Rum, the bottle, the cup, the flowing bowl, the luscious liquor, the ruddy cup, thimerosal, thymol, tincture of iodine, tipple, toxicant, tranquilizer, turf, turpentine, turps, water, water of life, white stuff, yellow, yellow jacket

ROGET THESAURUS

Alcohol

Drunkenness

N drunkenness, intemperance, drinking, inebriety, inebriation, ebriety, ebriosity, insobriety, intoxication, temulency, bibacity, wine bibbing, comtation, potation, deep potations, bacchanals, bacchanalia, libations, bender, oinomania, dipsomania, delirium tremens, alcohol, alcoholism, mania a potu, drink, alcoholic drinks, blue ruin, grog, port wine, punch, punch bowl, cup, rosy wine, flowing bowl, drop, drop too much, dram, beer, aguardiente, apple brandy, applejack, brandy, brandy smash, chain lightning, champagne, cocktail, gin, ginsling, highball, peg, rum, rye, schnapps, sherry, sling, uisquebaugh, usquebaugh, whisky, xeres, drunkard, sot, toper, tippler, bibber, wine-bibber, lush, hard drinker, gin drinker, dram drinker, soaker, sponge, tun, love pot, toss pot, thirsty soul, reveler, carouser, Bacchanal, Bacchanalian, Bacchal, Bacchante, devotee to Bacchus, bum, guzzler, tavern haunter, drunk, tipsy, intoxicated, inebrious, inebriate, inebriated, in one's cups, in a state of intoxication, temulent, temulentive, bombed, smashed, fuddled, mellow, cut, boozy, fou, fresh, merry, elevated, flustered, disguised, groggy, beery, top-heavy, potvaliant, glorious, potulent, squiffy, overcome, overtaken, whittled, screwed, tight, primed, corned, raddled, sewed up, lushy, nappy, muddled, muzzy, obfuscated, maudlin, crapulous, dead drunk, woozy, buzzed, flush, flushed, inter pocula, in liquor, the worse for liquor, having had a drop too much, half seas over, three sheets in the wind, three sheets to the wind, under the table, drunk as a lord, drunk as a skunk, drunk as a piper, drunk as a fiddler, drunk as Chloe, drunk as an owl, drunk as David's sow, drunk as a wheelbarrow, drunken, bibacious, sottish, given to drink, addicted to drink, addicted to the bottle, toping, nunc est bibendum, Bacchus ever fair and young, drink down all unkindness, O that men should put an enemy in their mouths to.

Fuel

N fuel, firing, combustible, coal, wallsend, anthracite, culm, coke, carbon, charcoal, bituminous coal, tar shale, turf, peat, firewood, bobbing, faggot, log, cinder, ingle, tinder, touchwood, sulphur, brimstone, incense, port-fire, fire-barrel, fireball, brand, amadou, bavin, blind coal, glance coal, German tinder, pyrotechnic sponge, punk, smudge, solid fueled rocket, wax, paraffin wax, paraffin oil, lamp oil, whale oil, oil, petroleum, gasoline, high octane gasoline, nitromethane, petrol, gas, juice, gasohol, alcohol, ethanol, methanol, fuel oil, kerosene, jet fuel, heating oil, number 2 oil, number 4 oil, naphtha, rocket fuel, high specific impulse fuel, liquid hydrogen, liquid oxygen, lox, natural gas, synthetic gas, synthesis gas, propane, butane, hydrogen, brand, torch, fuse, wick, spill, match, light, lucifer, congreve, vesuvian, vesta, fusee, locofoco, linstock, candle, oil, carbonaceous, combustible, inflammable, high octane, high specific impulse, heat of combustion.


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