Also see definition of "heaven" in Word Study
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GREEK: 1356 diopethv diopetes
NAVE: Heaven Jupiter
EBD: Heaven Jupiter
SMITH: HEAVEN JUPITER
ISBE: HEAVEN JUPITER
PORTRAITS: heaven
Heartily | Heat | Heath | Heathen | Heave Offering | heaven | Heaven, Host Of | Heaven, Ordinances Of | Heaven, Windows Of | Heavenly | Heavenly Twins

heaven

In Bible versions:

heaven: NET
Jupiter: TEV
the king of the Greek gods

the father that helpeth
Arts:
Arts Topics: Adam and Eve in Heaven

Greek

Strongs #1356: diopethv diopetes

1) fallen from Zeus, i.e. from heaven
2) an image of the Ephesian Artemis which was supposed to have fallen
from heaven

1356 diopetes dee-op-et'-ace

from the alternate of 2203 and the alternate of 4098; sky-fallen (i.e.
an aerolite):-which fell down from Jupiter.
see GREEK for 2203
see GREEK for 4098

Heaven [EBD]

(1.) Definitions. The phrase "heaven and earth" is used to indicate the whole universe (Gen. 1:1; Jer. 23:24; Acts 17:24). According to the Jewish notion there were three heavens,

(a) The firmament, as "fowls of the heaven" (Gen. 2:19; 7:3, 23; Ps. 8:8, etc.), "the eagles of heaven" (Lam. 4:19), etc.

(b) The starry heavens (Deut. 17:3; Jer. 8:2; Matt. 24:29).

(c) "The heaven of heavens," or "the third heaven" (Deut. 10:14; 1 Kings 8:27; Ps. 115:16; 148:4; 2 Cor. 12:2).

(2.) Meaning of words in the original,

(a) The usual Hebrew word for "heavens" is shamayim, a plural form meaning "heights," "elevations" (Gen. 1:1; 2:1).

(b) The Hebrew word marom is also used (Ps. 68:18; 93:4; 102:19, etc.) as equivalent to shamayim, "high places," "heights."

(c) Heb. galgal, literally a "wheel," is rendered "heaven" in Ps. 77:18 (R.V., "whirlwind").

(d) Heb. shahak, rendered "sky" (Deut. 33:26; Job 37:18; Ps. 18:11), plural "clouds" (Job 35:5; 36:28; Ps. 68:34, marg. "heavens"), means probably the firmament.

(e) Heb. rakia is closely connected with (d), and is rendered "firmamentum" in the Vulgate, whence our "firmament" (Gen. 1:6; Deut. 33:26, etc.), regarded as a solid expanse.

(3.) Metaphorical meaning of term. Isa. 14:13, 14; "doors of heaven" (Ps. 78:23); heaven "shut" (1 Kings 8:35); "opened" (Ezek. 1:1). (See 1 Chr. 21:16.)

(4.) Spiritual meaning. The place of the everlasting blessedness of the righteous; the abode of departed spirits.

(a) Christ calls it his "Father's house" (John 14:2).

(b) It is called "paradise" (Luke 23:43; 2 Cor. 12:4; Rev. 2:7).

(c) "The heavenly Jerusalem" (Gal. 4: 26; Heb. 12:22; Rev. 3:12).

(d) The "kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 25:1; James 2:5).

(e) The "eternal kingdom" (2 Pet. 1:11).

(f) The "eternal inheritance" (1 Pet. 1:4; Heb. 9:15).

(g) The "better country" (Heb. 11:14, 16).

(h) The blessed are said to "sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob," and to be "in Abraham's bosom" (Luke 16:22; Matt. 8:11); to "reign with Christ" (2 Tim. 2:12); and to enjoy "rest" (Heb. 4:10, 11).

In heaven the blessedness of the righteous consists in the possession of "life everlasting," "an eternal weight of glory" (2 Cor. 4:17), an exemption from all sufferings for ever, a deliverance from all evils (2 Cor. 5:1, 2) and from the society of the wicked (2 Tim. 4:18), bliss without termination, the "fulness of joy" for ever (Luke 20:36; 2 Cor. 4:16, 18; 1 Pet. 1:4; 5:10; 1 John 3:2). The believer's heaven is not only a state of everlasting blessedness, but also a "place", a place "prepared" for them (John 14:2).

Jupiter [EBD]

the principal deity of the ancient Greeks and Romans. He was worshipped by them under various epithets. Barnabas was identified with this god by the Lycaonians (Acts 14:12), because he was of stately and commanding presence, as they supposed Jupiter to be. There was a temple dedicated to this god outside the gates of Lystra (14:13).

Heaven [NAVE]

HEAVEN.
God's Dwelling Place
Deut. 26:15 Zech. 2:13; Isa. 63:15. 1 Kin. 8:30 vs. 39,43,49;; 2 Chr. 6:18, 21, 27, 30, 33, 35, 39; Jer. 23:24. 1 Chr. 16:31; 1 Chr. 21:26 2 Chr. 7:14; Neh. 9:27. 2 Chr. 2:6; 2 Chr. 30:27; Job 22:12, 14; Psa. 2:4; Psa. 11:4; Psa. 20:6; Psa. 33:13; Psa. 102:19; Psa. 103:19 Psa. 135:6; Dan. 4:35. Psa. 113:5; Psa. 123:1; Eccl. 5:2; Isa. 57:15; Isa. 63:15; Isa. 66:1; Lam. 3:41, 50; Dan. 5:23; Matt. 5:34, 45; Matt. 6:9 Matt. 18:10, 14; Mark 11:25, 26. Matt. 10:32, 33; Matt. 11:25; Matt. 12:50; Matt. 16:17; Mark 16:19; Acts 7:49; Rom. 1:18; Heb. 8:1; Rev. 8:1; Rev. 12:7-9; Rev. 21:22-27; Rev. 22:1-5
The Future Dwelling Place of the Righteous
Called A Garner, Matt. 3:12; The Kingdom of Christ and of God, Eph. 5:5; The Father's House, John 14:2; A Heavenly Country, Heb. 11:16; A Rest, Heb. 4:9; Rev. 14:13; Paradise, 2 Cor. 12:2, 4.
The wicked excluded from, Gal. 5:21; Eph. 5:5; Rev. 22:15.
Unclassified Scriptures Relating to: 2 Kin. 2:11; Job 3:17; Psa. 16:11; Psa. 17:15; Psa. 23:6; Psa. 24:3, 7; Psa. 73:24; Isa. 33:17; Dan. 12:3; Mal. 3:17; Matt. 5:3, 8, 12, 20; Matt. 6:20 Luke 12:33. Matt. 8:11; Matt. 13:30, 43, 49 Matt. 3:12. Matt. 18:10; Matt. 19:21; Matt. 25:34, 46; Luke 10:20; Luke 12:32; Luke 15:6, 7 [v. 10.] Luke 15:32; Luke 16:22; Luke 20:34, 35 [Matt. 22:30.] Luke 20:36; Luke 22:29, 30; Luke 23:43; John 5:28, 29; John 10:28; John 12:26; John 13:36; John 14:2, 3; John 17:22, 24; Acts 7:55 v. 56.; Rom. 5:17; 2 Cor. 5:1; 2 Cor. 12:2-4; Eph. 1:18; Col. 1:5, 6, 12; Col. 3:4; 1 Thess. 2:12; 1 Thess. 4:17; 2 Thess. 1:7; 2 Thess. 2:14; Heb. 10:34; Heb. 11:10, 16; Heb. 12:22-24, 28; Heb. 13:14; 1 Pet. 1:4; 2 Pet. 1:11; 2 Pet. 3:13; Rev. 2:7; Rev. 3:21 Luke 12:8. Rev. 4:4; Rev. 5:9; Rev. 7:9, 13-17 Isa. 49:9, 10. Rev. 14:1-3; Rev. 15:2; Rev. 21:1-5, 9-11, 18, 19, 21-25, 27; Rev. 22:1-5 See: Righteous, Promises to.
The Physical Heavens
Gen. 1:1 Job 37:18; Psa. 33:6; 136:5; Jer. 10:12. Psa. 19:1; Psa. 50:6; Psa. 68:33; Psa. 89:29; Psa. 97:6; Psa. 103:11; Psa. 113:4; Psa. 115:16; Jer. 31:37; Ezek. 1:1; Matt. 24:29, 30; Acts 2:19, 20 See Sub-topics, below.
Physical Heavens, Creation of: Gen. 1:1; Gen. 2:1; 1 Chr. 16:26; 2 Chr. 2:12; Neh. 9:6; Job 9:8; Psa. 8:3; Psa. 19:1; Psa. 33:6, 9; Psa. 148:4-6; Prov. 8:27; Isa. 37:16; Isa. 40:22; Isa. 42:5 Isa. 45:18. Isa. 45:12; Jer. 10:12; Jer. 32:17; Jer. 51:15; Acts 4:24 Acts 14:15. Heb. 1:10; Rev. 10:6; Rev. 14:7 See: Heavens, New.
See: Creation; God, Creator.
Physical Heavens, Destruction of: Job 14:12; Psa. 102:25, 26; Isa. 34:4; Isa. 51:6; Matt. 5:18; Matt. 24:35; Heb. 1:10-12; 2 Pet. 3:10, 12; Rev. 6:12-14; Rev. 20:11; Rev. 21:1, 4
New Heavens
Isa. 65:17; Isa. 66:22; 2 Pet. 3:13; Rev. 21:1-4

Jupiter [NAVE]

JUPITER, See: Zeus.

HEAVEN [SMITH]

There are four Hebrew words thus rendered in the Old Testament which we may briefly notice.
  1. Raki?a , Authorized Version, firmament. [FIRMAMENT]
  2. Shamayim . This is the word used in the expression "the heaven and the earth," or "the upper and lower regions." (Genesis 1:1)
  3. Marom , used for heaven in (Psalms 18:16; Isaiah 24:18; Jeremiah 25:30). Properly speaking it means a mountain as in (Psalms 102:19; Ezekiel 17:23)
  4. Shechakim , "expanses," with reference to the extent of heaven. (33:26; Job 35:5) St. Paul?s expression "third heaven," (2 Corinthians 12:2) had led to much conjecture. Grotius said that the Jews divided the heaven into three parts, viz.,
  5. The air or atmosphere, where clouds gather;
  6. The firmament, in which the sun, moon and stars are fixed;
  7. The upper heaven, the abode of God and his angels, the invisible realm of holiness and happiness the home of the children of God.

JUPITER [SMITH]

(a father that helps), the Greek Zeus. The Olympian Zeus was the national god of the Hellenic race, as well as the supreme ruler of the heathen world, and as such formed the true opposite to Jehovah. Jupiter or Zeus is mentioned in two passages of the New Testament, on the occasion of St. Paul?s visit to Lystra, (Acts 14:12,13) where the expression "Jupiter, which was before their city," means that his temple was outside the city. Also in (Acts 19:35)

HEAVEN [ISBE]

HEAVEN - hev'-'n.

See ASTRONOMY.

JUPITER [ISBE]

JUPITER - joo'-pi-ter, ju'-pi-ter (Zeus): "Jupiter" is mentioned in 2 Macc 6:2; Acts 14:12,13, with "Zeus" in the Revised Version margin in all cases. In addition the Greek stem appears in diopetous, in Acts 19:35, English Versions of the Bible "which fell down from Jupiter"; but the word means "from the clear sky" (compare "from heaven" in the Revised Version margin). "Jupiter" was considered the Latin equivalent of the Greek "Zeus," the highest god in the developed Greek pantheon, and Zeus in turn, in accord with the syncretism of the period, was identified with countless deities in the local cults of Asia Minor and elsewhere. So in Acts 14:12,13, "Zeus" and "Hermes" are local deities that had been renamed. On the other hand, the Zeus of 2 Macc 6:2 is the genuine Greek deity, who had been adopted as a special patron by Antiochus Epiphanes and to whose temple in Athens Antiochus had contributed largely. The title "Olympius" (2 Macc 6:2) is derived from the early worship on Mt. Olympus, but had come to be thought one of the god's highest appellations; Xenios, "protector of strangers," was a title in a cult particularly popular with travelers.

See ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION, and Smith, HGHL, 333-34.

Burton Scott Easton


Also see definition of "heaven" in Word Study


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