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NAVE: Year
EBD: Year
SMITH: YEAR
ISBE: YEAR
Yarkon River | Yarmuk River | Yarn | Yashar | Yea | Year | Year Of Jubilee | Year, Sabbatical | Years, Seventy | Yeast | Yellow

Year

Year [EBD]

Heb. shanah, meaning "repetition" or "revolution" (Gen. 1:14; 5:3). Among the ancient Egyptians the year consisted of twelve months of thirty days each, with five days added to make it a complete revolution of the earth round the sun. The Jews reckoned the year in two ways, (1) according to a sacred calendar, in which the year began about the time of the vernal equinox, with the month Abib; and (2) according to a civil calendar, in which the year began about the time of the autumnal equinox, with the month Nisan. The month Tisri is now the beginning of the Jewish year.

Year [NAVE]

YEAR,
Gen. 1:14.
Divided into months, Ex. 12:2; Num. 10:10; 28:11.
See: Months.
Aual feasts, Lev. 25:5.
See: Feasts.
Redemption of houses sold, limited to one, Lev. 25:29, 30.
Land to rest one, in seven, Lev. 25:5.
Of release, Deut. 15:9.
Age computed by: Of Abraham, Gen. 25:7; of Jacob, Gen. 47:9.
See: Longevity.
A thousand, with the Lord as one day, Psa. 90:4; 2 Pet. 3:8.
Satan to be bound a thousand, Rev. 20:2-4, 7.
See: Jubilee, Year of; Milleium; Time.

YEAR [SMITH]

the highest ordinary division of time. Two years were known to, and apparently used by, the Hebrews.
  1. A year of 360 days appears to have been in use in Noah?s time.
  2. The year used by the Hebrews from the time of the exodus may: be said to have been then instituted, since a current month, Abib, on the 14th day of which the first Passover was kept, was then made the first month of the year. The essential characteristics of this year can be clearly determined, though we cannot fix those of any single year. It was essentially solar for the offering of productions of the earth, first-fruits, harvest produce and ingathered fruits, was fixed to certain days of the year, two of which were in the periods of great feasts, the third itself a feast reckoned from one of the former days. But it is certain that the months were lunar, each commencing with a new moon. There must therefore have been some method of adjustment. The first point to be decided is how the commencement of each gear was fixed. Probably the Hebrews determined their new year?s day by the observation of heliacal or other star-risings or settings known to mark the right time of the solar year. It follows, from the determination of the proper new moon of the first month, whether by observation of a stellar phenomenon or of the forwardness of the crops, that the method of intercalation can only have been that in use after the captivity, --the addition of a thirteenth month whenever the twelfth ended too long before the equinox for the offering of the first-fruits to be made at the time fixed. The later Jews had two commencements of the year, whence it is commonly but inaccurately said that they had two years, the sacred year and the civil. We prefer to speak of the sacred and civil reckonings. The sacred reckoning was that instituted at the exodus, according to which the first month was Abib; by the civil reckoning the first month was the seventh. The interval between the two commencements was thus exactly half a year. It has been supposed that the institution at the time of the exodus was a change of commencement, not the introduction of a new year, and that thenceforward the year had two beginnings, respectively at about the vernal and the autumnal equinox. The year was divided into --
  3. Seasons . Two seasons are mentioned in the Bible, "summer" and "winter." The former properly means the time of cutting fruits, the latter that, of gathering fruits; they are therefore originally rather summer and autumn than summer and winter. But that they signify ordinarily the two grand divisions of the year, the warm and cold seasons, is evident from their use for the whole year in the expression "summer and winter." (Psalms 74:17; Zechariah 14:18)
  4. Months . [MONTHS]
  5. Weeks . [WEEKS]

YEAR [ISBE]

YEAR - yer (shanah, Aramaic shenah, "a return" (of the sun), like the Greek eniautos; yamim, "days," is also used for "year," and the Greek hemerai, corresponds to it (Josh 13:1; Lk 17,18); etos, is also employed frequently in the New Testament; for the difference between etos and eniautos, see Grimm-Thayer, under the word): The Hebrew year was solar, although the month was lunar, the adjustment being made in intercalation.

See ASTRONOMY; TIME.


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