| Uz, The land of
| Uzza, The Garden Of
In Bible versions:
son of Aram; (grand)son of Shem son of Noah
son of Milcah and Nahor, brother of Abraham
son of Dishan of Seir
a region in Edom inhabited by the descendants of Uz of Seir
NET Glossary: (1) a son of Aram (Gen 10:23); (2) a son of Nahor (Gen 22:21); (3) a descendant of Seir (Gen 36:28); (4) the land where Job lived (Job 1:1), probably east of Israel and northeast of Edom (Uz is connected with Edom in Lam 4:21)
(30° 2´, 36° 26´)
Uz = "wooded"
n pr m
1) son of Aram and grandson of Seth
2) son of Nahor by Milcah
3) an Edomite, son of Dishan and grandson of Seir
n pr loc
4) the country of Job; probably east and southeast of Palestine
somewhere in the Arabian desert
5780 `Uwts oots
apparently from 5779; consultation; Uts, a son of Aram, also
a Seirite, and the regions settled by them.:-Uz.
see HEBREW for 05779
UZ (1) [ISBE]
- uz (uts 'erets uts; Os, Ox, Ausitis):
(1) In Gen 10:23 Uz is the oldest son of Aram and grandson of Shem, while in 1 Ch 1:17 Uz is the son of Shem. Septuagint inserts a passage which supplies this lacking name. As the tables of the nations in Gen 10 are chiefly geographical and ethnographical, Uz seems to have been the name of a district or nation colonized by or descended from Semites of the Aramean tribe or family.
(2) The son of Nahor by Milcah, and older brother of Buz (Gen 2:21). Here the name is doubtless personal and refers to an individual who was head of a clan or tribe kindred to that of Abraham.
(3) A son of Dishan, son of Seir the Horite (Gen 36:28), and personal name of a Horite or perhaps of mixed Horite and Aramean blood.
(4) The native land and home of Job (Job 1:1), and so situated as to be in more or less proximity to the tribe of the Temanites (Job 2:11), the Shuhites (Job 2:11), the Naamathites (Job 2:11), the Buzites (Job 32:2), and open to the inroads of the Chaldeans (Job 1:17), and the Sabeans (Job 1:15 the Revised Version (British and American)), as well as exposed to the great Arabian Desert (1:19). See the next article.
(5) A kingdom of some importance somewhere in Southern Syria and not far from Judea, having a number of kings (Jer 25:20).
(6) A kingdom, doubtless the same as that of Jer 25:20 and inhabited by or in subjection to the Edomites (Lam 4:21), and hence not far from Edom.
James Josiah Reeve
UZ (2) [ISBE]
- ('uts; Septuagint Ausitis; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) Ausitis): The home of the patriarch Job (Job 1:1
; Jer 25:20
, "all the kings of the land of Uz"; Lam 4:21
, "daughter of Edom, that dwellest in the land of Uz"). The land of Uz was, no doubt, the pasturing-ground inhabited by one of the tribes of that name, if indeed there be more than one tribe intended. The following are the determining data occurring in the Book of Job. The country was subject to raids by Chaldeans and Sabeans (1:15,17); Job's three friends were a Temanite, a Naamathite and a Shuhite (2:11); Elihu was a Buzite (32:2); and Job himself is called one of the children of the East (Qedhem). The Chaldeans (kasdim, descendants of Chesed, son of Nahor, Gen 22:22
) inhabited Mesopotamia; a branch of the Sabeans also appears to have taken up its abode in Northern Arabia (see SHEBA). Teman (Gen 36:11
) is often synonymous with Edom. The meaning of the designation amathite is unknown, but Shuah was a son of Keturah the wife of Abraham (Gen 25:2
), and so connected with Nahor. Shuah is identified with Suhu, mentioned by Tiglath-pileser I as lying one day's journey from Carchemish; and a "land of Uzza" is named by Shalmaneser II as being in the same neighborhood. Buz is a brother of Uz ("Huz," Gen 22:21
) and son of Nahor. Esar-haddon, in an expedition toward the West, passed through Bazu and Hazu, no doubt the same tribes. Abraham sent his children, other than Isaac (so including Shuah), "eastward to the land of Qedhem" (Gen 25:6
). These factors point to the land of Uz as lying somewhere to the Northeast of Palestine. Tradition supports such a site. Josephus says "Uz founded Trachonitis and Damascus" (Ant., I, vi, 4). Arabian tradition places the scene of Job s sufferings in the Hauran at Deir Eiyub (Job's monastery) near Nawa. There is a spring there, which. he made to flow by striking the rock with his foot (Koran 38 41), and his tomb. The passage in the Koran is, however, also made to refer to Job's Well.
Talmud of Jerusalem (French translation by M. Schwab, VII, 289) contains a discussion of the date of Job; Le Strange, Palestine under the Moslems, 220-23, 427, 515.
Thomas Hunter Weir