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HEBREW: 8304 hyrs [email protected] or whyrs [email protected]
NAVE: Seraiah
EBD: Seraiah
Septuagint | Septuagint, 1 | Septuagint, 2 | Sepulchre | Serah | Seraiah | Seraph | Seraphim | Serar | Sered | Serfdom


In Bible versions:

secretary of King David
a high priest; son of Azariah III
son of Tanhumeth; a militia leader who rallied to Gedaliah
son of Kenaz son of Jephunneh of Judah
son of Asiel; ancestor of a large influential family of Simeon
priest leader of some who returned from exile with Zerubbabel
son of Hilkiah; head of the priestly clan of Immer in Jerusalem
son of Azriel; a prince in the time of Jehoiakim
son of Neriah; quartermaster deported to Babylon with Zedekiah

prince of the Lord


Strongs #08304: hyrs [email protected] or whyrs [email protected]

Seraiah = "Jehovah is ruler"

n pr m
1) the scribe or secretary of David
2) son of Azariah, father of Jehozadak, and the chief priest in the
reign of king Zedekiah of Judah and at the time of the capture of
3) son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite and one of the men who went to
Gedaliah, the governor over Judah appointed by Nebuchadnezzar, and
gave their oath to serve the king of Babylon
4) a Judaite, son of Kenaz, brother of Othniel, and father of Joab
5) a Simeonite, father of Josibiah and grandfather of Jehu
6) a people of the province who returned from exile with Zerubbabel
6a) maybe the same as 10
7) son of Azariah and father of Ezra the priest and scribe
8) a priest who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah
9) a priest, son of Hilkiah in the time of Nehemiah
10) a priest or Levite who returned from exile with Zerubbabel
10a) probably a priest and the head of a family of priests after
the exile. Maybe same as 6
11) son of Meraiah and messenger sent by the prophet Jeremiah to
Babylon with a book of his writings
12) son of Azriel and one of the 3 men commanded by king Jehoiakim
of Judah to seize Jeremiah and Baruch

8304 Srayah ser-aw-yaw'

or Srayahuw {ser-aw-yaw'-hoo}; from 8280 and 3050; Jah has
prevailed; Serajah, the name of nine Israelites:-Seraiah.
see HEBREW for 08280
see HEBREW for 03050

Seraiah [EBD]

soldier of Jehovah. (1.) The father of Joab (1 Chr. 4:13, 14).

(2.) The grandfather of Jehu (1 Chr. 4:35).

(3.) One of David's scribes or secretaries (2 Sam. 8:17).

(4.) A Netophathite (Jer. 40:8), a chief priest of the time of Zedekiah. He was carried captive by Nebuchadnezzar to Babylon, and there put to death (2 Kings 25:18, 23).

(5.) Ezra 2:2.

(6.) Father of Ezra the scribe (7:1).

(7.) A ruler of the temple (Neh. 11:11).

(8.) A priest of the days of Jehoiakim (Neh. 12:1, 12).

(9.) The son of Neriah. When Zedekiah made a journey to Babylon to do homage to Nebuchadnezzar, Seraiah had charge of the royal gifts to be presented on that occasion. Jeremiah took advantage of the occasion, and sent with Seraiah a word of cheer to the exiles in Babylon, and an announcement of the doom in store for that guilty city. The roll containing this message (Jer. 50:1-8) Seraiah was to read to the exiles, and then, after fixing a stone to it, was to throw it into the Euphrates, uttering, as it sank, the prayer recorded in Jer. 51:59-64. Babylon was at this time in the height of its glory, the greatest and most powerful monarchy in the world. Scarcely seventy years elapsed when the words of the prophet were all fulfilled. Jer. 51:59 is rendered in the Revised Version, "Now Seraiah was chief chamberlain," instead of "was a quiet prince," as in the Authorized Version.

Seraiah [NAVE]

1. Called also Sheva, Shisha, and Shavsha.
David's scribe, 2 Sam. 8:17; 20:25; 1 Kin. 4:3; 1 Chr. 18:16.
2. Chief priest at time of taking of Jerusalem, 2 Kin. 25:18.
Father of Ezra, Ezra 7:1.
Slain by Nebuchadnezzar, 2 Kin. 25:18-21; Jer. 52:24-27.
3. An Israelite captain who surrendered to Gedaliah, 2 Kin. 25:23; Jer. 40:8.
4. Son of Kenaz, 1 Chr. 4:13, 14.
5. A Simeonite, 1 Chr. 4:35.
6. A priest who returned from the Babylonian captivity, Ezra 2:2; Neh. 12:1, 12.
Called Azariah, Neh. 7:7.
7. One who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah, Neh. 10:2.
Possibly identical with 6, above.
8. A ruler of the temple after the captivity, Neh. 11:11.
9. Son of Azriel. Commanded by king Jehoiakim to seize Jeremiah, Jer. 36:26.
10. A servant of Zedekiah, Jer. 51:59, 61.


  1. The king?s scribe or secretary in the reign of David. (2 Samuel 8:17) (B.C. 1043.)
  2. The high priest in the reign of Zedekiah. (2 Kings 25:18; 1 Chronicles 6:14; Jeremiah 52:24) (B.C. 594.)
  3. The son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite. (2 Kings 25:23; Jeremiah 40:8)
  4. The son of Kenaz and brother of Othniel. (1 Chronicles 4:13,14)
  5. Ancestor of Jehu a Simeonite chieftain. (1 Chronicles 4:35)
  6. One of the children of the province who returned with Zerubbabel. (Ezra 2:2) (B.C. 536.)
  7. One of the ancestors of Ezra the scribe. (Ezra 7:1)
  8. A priest, or priestly family, who signed the covenant with Nehemiah. (Nehemiah 10:2)
  9. A priest, the son of Hilkiah. (Nehemiah 11:11)
  10. The head of a priestly house which went up from Babylon with Zerubbabel. (Nehemiah 12:12)
  11. The son of Neriah and brother of Baruch. (Jeremiah 51:59,61) He went with Zedekiah to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. (B.C. 594.) Perhaps he was an officer who took charge of the royal caravan on its march, and fixed the places where it should halt.


SERAIAH - se-ra'-ya, se-ri'-a (serayahu, "Yah hath prevailed"; Septuagint Saraias, or Saraia):

(1) Secretary of David (2 Sam 8:17); in 2 Sam 20:25 he is called Sheva; in 1 Ki 4:3 the name appears as Shisha. This last or Shasha would be restored elsewhere by some critics; others prefer the form Shavsha, which is found in 1 Ch 18:16.

(2) A high priest in the reign of Zedekiah; executed with other prominent captives at Riblah by order of Nebuchadnezzar (2 Ki 25:18,21; Jer 52:24,27). Mentioned in the list of high priests (1 Ch 6:14). Ezra claims descent from him (Ezr 7:1 (3)).


(3) The son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and one of the heroic band of men who saved themselves from the fury of Nebuchadnezzar when he stormed Jerusalem. They repaired to Gedaliah, the son of Ahikam, but killed him on account of his allegiance to the Chaldeans (2 Ki 25:23,25).

(4) Son of Kenaz, and younger brother of Othniel, and father of Joab, the chief of Ge-harashim (1 Ch 4:13,14).

(5) Grandfather of Jehu, of the tribe of Simeon (1 Ch 4:35).

(6) A priest, the third in the list of those who returned from Babylon to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel (Ezr 2:2; Neh 7:7, here called Azariah; 12:1), and third also (if the same person is meant) in the record of those who sealed the covenant binding all Jews not to take foreign wives (Neh 10:2). As the son of Hilkiah, and consequently a direct descendant of the priestly family, he became governor of the temple when it was rebuilt (Neh 11:11). He is mentioned (under the name Azariah) also in 1 Ch 9:11. Neh 12:2 adds that "in the days of Joiakim" the head of Seraiah's house was Meraiah.

(7) Son of Azriel, one of those whom Jehoiakim commanded to imprison Jeremiah and Baruch, the son of Neriah (Jer 36:26).

(8) The son of Neriah, who went into exile with Zedekiah. He was also called Sar Menuchah ("prince of repose"). The Targum renders Sar Menuchah by Rabh Tiqrabhta, "prince of battle, and Septuagint by archon doron, "prince of gifts," reading Minchah for Menuchah. At the request of Jeremiah he carried with him in his exile the passages containing the prophet's warning of the fall of Babylon, written in a book which he was bidden to bind to a stone and cast into the Euphrates, to symbolize the fall of Babylon (Jer 51:59-64).

Horace J. Wolf

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