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HEBREW: 8100 temv Shim`ath
NAVE: Shimeath
Shilonite, The | Shilonites, The | Shilshah | Shimeah | Shimeam | Shimeath | Shimeathites | Shimeites | Shimhi | Shimi | Shimi, Shimites


In Bible versions:

a woman of Ammon; mother of Jozacar (Jehozabad NIV), a murderer of Joash (OS)

that hears, or obeys; perdition ( --> same as Shimeah, Shimma)


Strongs #08100: temv Shim`ath

Shimeath = "report"

1) an Ammonitess, mother of Jozachar or Zabad, one of the assassins
of king Joash of Judah

8100 Shim`ath shim-awth'

feminine of 8088; annunciation; Shimath, an
see HEBREW for 08088

Shimeath [NAVE]

SHIMEATH, mother of an assassin of King Joash, 2 Kin. 12:21; 2 Chr. 24:26.


(feminine of Shimeah), an Ammonitess, mother of Jozachar or Zabad, one of the murderers of King Joash. (2 Kings 12:21) (22); 2Chr 24:26 (B.C. 809.)


SHIMEATH - shim'-e-ath (shim`ath, or shim`ath; the Septuagint in 2 Kings, Iemouath, Codex Vaticanus in 2 Chronicles, Sama, Codex Alexandrinus Samath, Lucian, Samaath): Father of Jozacar (2 Ki 12:21 (22)), one of the murderers of Joash, king of Judah. According to 2 Ch 24:26 Shimeath is an Ammonitess and the mother, not the father, of Jozacar. Many textual emendations have been suggested (compare HDB, article "Shimeath"), but they are unnecessary, as the Chronicler's revised version of the incident in Kings was a deliberate one. The Chronicler was a sturdy opponent of intermarriage, and in the story of the assassination of King Joash he saw an opportunity to strike a blow against the hated practice. In the older account in Kings the names of the conspirators are given as "Jozakar the son of shim`ath, and Jehozabad the son of shemer." The two names are both masculine; but the final taw (t) of the former looked to the Chronicler like the feminine ending and offered him his opportunity. In his account, the one of the two murderers (dastardly villains, even though the king had merited death) was "the son of (shim`ath), the Ammonitess" and the other was "the son of (shimrith), the Moabitess" (compare Torrey, Ezra Studies, 212 ff).

Horace J. Wolf.

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