Retention Of Sins
Reuben, Tribe of
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In Bible versions:
son of Esau and Ishmael's daughter Basemath
a man of Midian; father-in-law to Moses
father of Eliasaph, leader of Gad in the time of Moses
son of Ibnijah of Benjamin whose offspring returned from exile
shepherd, or friend of God
the shepherd or friend of God
Reuel or Raguel = "friend of God"
1) a son of Esau by his wife Bashemath, the sister of Ishmael
2) the father-in-law of Moses
2a) also 'Jethro'
3) father of Eliasaph, the leader of the tribe of Gad at the time
of the census at Sinai
4) a Benjamite, ancestor of Elah
7467 R`uw'el reh-oo-ale'
from the same as 7466 and 410; friend of God; Reuel, the name
of Moses' father-in-law, also of an Edomite and an
see HEBREW for 07466
see HEBREW for 0410
friend of God. (1.) A son of Esau and Bashemath (Gen. 36:4, 10; 1 Chr. 1:35). (2.) "The priest of Midian," Moses' father-in-law (Ex. 2:18)=Raguel (Num. 10:29). If he be identified with Jethro (q.v.), then this may be regarded as his proper name, and Jether or Jethro (i.e., "excellency") as his official title. (3.) Num. 2:14, called also Deuel (1:14; 7:42).
1. Son of Esau, Gen. 36:4
; 1 Chr. 1:35
2. Father-in-law of Moses, Ex. 2:18
Called also Jethro and Raguel. See: Jethro
3. Father of Eliasaph, Num. 2:14
Called Deuel, Num. 1:14
4. A Benjamite, 1 Chr. 9:8
RAGUEL, OR REUEL [SMITH]
(friend of God
- Probably the same as Jethro. [JETHRO; HOBAB] (B.C. 1490.)
- A pious Jew of "Ecbatane, a of Media," father of Sara, the wife of Tobias. Tob. 3:7,17, etc.
RAGUEL (1) [ISBE]
- ra-gu'-el, rag'-u-el (Rhagouel): "The friend of God," of Ecbatana, the husband of Edna, father of Sarah, and father-in-law of Tobias (Tobit 3:7,17; 6:10; 7:2 f; 14:12). In Tobit 7:2 he is called cousin of Tobit, and in Tobit 6:10 the King James Version he is erroneously represented as "cousin" of Tobias = "kinsman" in the Revised Version (British and American). In Enoch 20:4 Raguel appears as one of the archangels, perhaps by confusion for Raphael (Tobit 3:17). Another form of the name is REUEL (which see). one of whom composed the Zardtusht-Namah.
RAGUEL (2) [ISBE]
- ra-gu'-el, rag'-u-el (re`u'-el; Septuagint: Rhagouel): The Midianite chothen, i.e. either father-in-law or brother-in-law of Moses (Nu 10:29
the King James Version, the Revised Version (British and American) "Reuel"), the father of Hobab, called a Kenite, who is likewise described as a chothen of Moses (Jdg 4:11
). See RELATIONSHIPS, FAMILY
. Moses' wife's father is called re`u'el in Ex 2:18
where Lucian reads "Iothor" and English Versions of the Bible "Reuel," which transliteration is adopted in the Revised Version (British and American) in Nu 10:29
also. In other passages the chothen of Moses is called "Jether" or "Jethro." Among the harmonizations suggested the following are worthy of consideration: (a) that all are names or perhaps titles of one man (Rashi); (b) that Reuel was the father of Hobab and Jethro, that Jethro was the father-in-law of Moses, and that the word "father" is used for grandfather in Ex 2:18
; (c) that Reuel was the father-in-law and Jethro and Hobab brothers-in-law; (d) that either Reuel or Hobab is to be identified with Jethro. None of these views is free from difficulty, nor is the view of those who would give Jethro as the name in the Elohist (E) and Reuel as that in the Jahwist (Jahwist) and (J-E).
See also REUEL.
- roo'-el (re`u'el, "God is his friend"; the Septuagint Rhagouel):
(1) In the genealogical system Reuel is both a son of Esau by Basemath (Gen 36:4,10,13,17; 1 Ch 1:35,37) and the father of the father-in-law of Moses, Hobab (Nu 10:29). In the account of the marriage of Zipporah to Moses (Ex 2:16-21) Jethro seems to be called Reuel (compare HOBAB). The various names of Jethro perplexed the Talmudists, too; some held that his real name was "Hobab," and that Reuel was his father. Reuel is probably a clan name (Gray, "Nu," ICC), and Hobab is a member of the clan ("son") of Reuel (Nu 10:29, the King James Version reads "Raguel").
(2) The father of Eliasaph, the prince of Gad (Nu 2:14), called (by some copyist's mistake) "Deuel" in Nu 1:14; 7:42,47; 10:20. The Septuagint has uniformly Rhagouel.
(3) A Benjamite (1 Ch 9:8).
Horace J. Wolf