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EBD: Kinsman
ISBE: KINSMAN; KINSWOMAN
Kings' Sepulchres | Kings, Books Of | Kings, First And Second Books Of | Kings, The Books of | Kinsfolk | Kinsman | Kinsman-redeemer | Kir | Kir Hareseth | Kir of Moab | Kir-haraseth

Kinsman

Kinsman [EBD]

Heb. goel, from root meaning to redeem. The goel among the Hebrews was the nearest male blood relation alive. Certain important obligations devolved upon him toward his next of kin. (1.) If any one from poverty was unable to redeem his inheritance, it was the duty of the kinsman to redeem it (Lev. 25:25,28; Ruth 3:9, 12). He was also required to redeem his relation who had sold himself into slavery (Lev. 25:48, 49).

God is the Goel of his people because he redeems them (Ex. 6:6; Isa. 43:1; 41:14; 44:6, 22; 48:20; Ps. 103:4; Job 19:25, etc.).

(2.) The goel also was the avenger (q.v.) of blood (Num. 35:21) in the case of the murder of the next of kin.

KINSMAN; KINSWOMAN [ISBE]

KINSMAN; KINSWOMAN - kinz'-man, kinz'-woom-an: Most frequently of the go'-el, the one who had a right to "redeem"; referring to the custom of avenging the blood of a slain kinsman; hence, a blood relative (Nu 5:8; Ruth 2:20; 3:9,12; 4:1,3,6,8,14; compare "performing the part of a kinsman," Ruth 3:13); in Ruth 2:1, better rendered "acquaintance." Also qarobh, one near, rendered "kinsman" (Ps 38:11); probably better, "neighbor." Once, she'-er, "flesh kin," rendered "kinsman" (Nu 27:11; compare Lev 18:6; 25:49; 20:19; 21:2, rendered "kin"). suggenes, "of same race" (compare suggebeia, "kindred"), used of blood relationship of varying degrees of nearness (Lk 14:12; Jn 18:26; Acts 10:24; Rom 9:3; 16:7,11,21). Rendered "kin" in Mk 6:4.

Kinswoman:

she'er, "kin by blood," or "by flesh" (compare above; also Lev 18:12 f; also compare 18:6, "near of kin" the King James Version); also same root, ferm. form, sha'-arah (Lev 18:17), is thy "kinswoman." In Prov 7:4, "Call understanding thy kinswoman" might be more accurately rendered, "thy familiar friend," the Revised Version margin (from modha`, "acquaintance"); compare similar rendering of modha`ath, under KINDRED. Lk 1:36 the Revised Version (British and American), "kinswoman" (suggenis), the King James Version "cousin" (suggenes); same is rendered "kinsfolk" (Lk 1:58 the Revised Version (British and American)).

Edward Bagby Pollard


Also see definition of "Kinsman" in Word Study


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