Jebel al Lawz
Jebel Sin Bisher
In Bible versions:
a town of Jebusites that became Jerusalem
resident(s) of the town of Jebus (Jerusalem)
treading under foot; manger
trodden under foot; mangers
(31° 46´, 35° 14´); Jebusite
(31° 46´, 35° 14´)
Jebus = "threshing place"
1) an early name for Jerusalem, the city of the Jebusites; also 'Jebusi'
2982 Ybuwc yeb-oos'
from 947; trodden, i.e. threshing-place; Jebus, the
aboriginal name of Jerusalem:-Jebus.
see HEBREW for 0947
Jebusite = "descendants of Jebus"
1) descendants of the 3rd son of Canaan who lived in or around the
site of Jebus, the early name for Jerusalem
2983 Yebuwciy yeb-oo-see'
patrial from 2982; a Jebusite or inhabitant of
see HEBREW for 02982
trodden hard, or fastness, or "the waterless hill", the name of the Canaanitish city which stood on Mount Zion (Josh. 15:8; 18:16, 28). It is identified with Jerusalem (q.v.) in Judg. 19:10, and with the castle or city of David (1 Chr. 11:4,5). It was a place of great natural strength, and its capture was one of David's most brilliant achievements (2 Sam. 5:8).
the name of the original inhabitants of Jebus, mentioned frequently among the seven nations doomed to destruction (Gen. 10:16; 15:21; Ex. 3:8, 17; 13:5, etc.). At the time of the arrival of the Israelites in Palestine they were ruled by Adonizedek (Josh. 10:1, 23). They were defeated by Joshua, and their king was slain; but they were not entirely driven out of Jebus till the time of David, who made it the capital of his kingdom instead of Hebron. The site on which the temple was afterwards built belonged to Araunah, a Jebusite, from whom it was purchased by David, who refused to accept it as a free gift (2 Sam. 24:16-25; 1 Chr. 21:24, 25).
One of the tribes of Canaan, Deut. 7:1
Land of, given to Abraham and his descendants, Gen. 15:21
; Ex. 3:8
; Deut. 20:17
; Ex. 33:2
Conquered by Joshua, Josh. 10-12
; by David, 2 Sam. 5:6-9
Jerusalem within the territory of, Josh. 18:28
Not exterminated, but intermarry with the Israelites, Judg. 3:5
; Ezra 9:1
Pay tribute to Solomon, 1 Kin. 9:20
(descendants of Jebus
were descended from the third son of Canaan. (Genesis 10:16
; 1Ã‚Â Chronicles 1:14
) The actual people first appear in the invaluable report of the spies. (Numbers 13:29
) When Jabin organized his rising against Joshua, the Jebusites joined him. (Joshua 11:3
) "Jebus, which is Jerusalem," lost its king in the slaughter of Beth-horon, (Joshua 10:1,5,26
) comp. Josh 12:10 Was sacked and burned by the men of Judah, (Judges 1:21
) and its citadel finally scaled and occupied by David. (2Ã‚Â Samuel 5:6
) After this they emerge from the darkness but once, in the person of Araunah the Jebusite, "Araunah the king," who appears before us in true kingly dignity in his well-known transaction with David. (2Ã‚Â Samuel 24:23
; 1Ã‚Â Chronicles 21:24,25
- je'-bus (yebhuc; Iebous): In Jdg 19:10,11
, "Jebus (the same is Jerusalem)"; 1 Ch 11:4,5
, "Jerusalem (the same is Jebus)." It was once thought that this was the first name of Jerusalem, as indeed might be suggested by the Biblical references, but it is now known from the Tell el-Amarna Letters that Urusa-lem was a name used centuries before the time of David (see JERUSALEM, I). It would appear probable that the name "Jebus" was evolved by the Hebrews as an alternate name, and possibly they may have imagined an earlier name, for Jerusalem from JEBUSITE (which see), the name of the local tribe who owned the district in the first centuries of Israel's occupation of Canaan.
E. W. G. Masterman
JEBUS; JEBUSI; JEBUSITE [ISBE]
JEBUS; JEBUSI; JEBUSITE
- je'-bus, jeb'-u-si, jeb'-u-zit (yebhuc, ha-yebhuci): "Jebus" is an old name for Jerusalem (Jdg 19:10,11
; 1 Ch 4:5
parallel 2 Sam 5:6-9
, "the same is Jerus"; see preceding article). "Jebusi" (literally, "Jebusite") is also used as a name for the city in the King James Version (Josh 18:16,28
; compare 15:8); the Revised Version (British and American) correctly renders "Jebusite" (see JERUSALEM). "Jebusites," for the people (in the King James Version Gen 15:21
; Ex 3:8,17
, etc.), does not occur in Hebrew in the plural; hence, in the Revised Version (British and American) is always rendered in the singular, "Jebusite." The "Jebusite" is said in Gen 10:16
; 1 Ch 1:14
to be the 3rd son of Canaan, i.e. of the country of Canaan. Elsewhere he represents a tribe separate from the Canaanites. He stands between Heth and the Amorite (compare Nu 13:29
; Josh 11:3
; Ezek 16:3,15
). In the lists of the peoples inhabiting Palestine the "Jebusite" is always placed last, a fact indicative, probably, of their smaller number.
To what race the Jebusites belonged is doubtful. Their name does not seem Semitic, and they do not make their appearance till after the patriarchal period.
The original name of Jerusalem was Babylonian, Uru-Salim, "the city of Salim," shortened into Salem in Gen 14:18 and in the inscriptions of the Egyptian kings Ramses II and Ramses III. In the Tell el-Amarna Letters (1400 BC) Jerusalem is still known as Uru-Salim, and its king bears a Hittite name, implying that it was at the time in the possession of the Hittites. His enemies, however, were closing around him, and one of the tablets shows that the city was eventually captured and its king slain. These enemies would seem to have been the Jebusites, since it is after this period that the name "Jebus" makes its appearance for the first time in the Old Testament (Jdg 19:10,11).
The Jebusite king at the time of the conquest was Adoni-zedek, who met his death at Beth-boron (Josh 10:1 ff; in 10:5 the word "Amorite" is used in its Babylonian sense to denote the inhabitants of Canaan generally). The Jebusites were a mountain tribe (Nu 13:29; Josh 11:3). Their capital "Jebus" was taken by the men of Judah and burned with fire (Jdg 18), but they regained possession of, and held, the fortress till the time of David (2 Sam 5:6 ff).
When Jerusalem was taken by David, the lives and property of its Jebusite inhabitants were spared, and they continued to inhabit the temple-hill, David and his followers settling in the new City of David on Mt. Zion (Josh 15:8,63; Jdg 1:21; 19:11). And as Araunah is called "king" (2 Sam 24:23), we may conclude that their last ruler also had been lowed to live. His name is non-Sem, and the various spellings of it (compare 1 Ch 21:15, "Ornan") indicate that the Hebrew writers had some difficulty in pronouncing it. The Jebusites seem ultimately to have blended with the Israelite population.