| Jashar, Book Of
In Bible versions:
a town of Judah 23 km NW of Hebron & 21 km west of Bethlehem
a town of Issachar
fearing, or seeing, or throwing down, death
Jarmuth = "heights"
1) a Canaanitish city in the lowlands of Judah with a king and
located between Hebron and Lachish
2) a Levitical city of Issachar allocated to the Gershonite Levites
3412 Yarmuwth yar-mooth'
from 7311; elevation; Jarmuth, the name of two places in
see HEBREW for 07311
height. (1.) A town in the plain of Judah (Josh. 15:35), originally the residence of one of the Canaanitish kings (10:3, 5, 23). It has been identified with the modern Yarmuk, a village about 7 miles north-east of Beit-Jibrin.
(2.) A Levitical city of the tribe of Issachar (Josh. 21:29), supposed by some to be the Ramah of Samuel (1 Sam. 19:22).
- A town in the low country of Judah. (Joshua 16:35) Its king, Piram, was one of the five who conspired. to punish Gibeon for having made alliance with Israel, (Joshua 10:3,5) and who were routed at Beth-horon and put to death by Joshua at Makkedah. ver. 33. Its site is probably the modern Yarmuk .
- A city of Issachar allotted with its suburbs to the Gershonite Levites. (Joshua 21:29)
- jar'-muth (yarmuth:
(1) A city of the Canaanites in the Shephelah (Josh 15:35) of Judah whose "king," Piram, joined the league of the "five kings" against Joshua (Josh 10:3-5), was defeated at Gibeon and slain at Makkedah (10:23). One of the 31 "kings" defeated in Joshua' s campaign (Josh 12:11). In Josh 15:35 it is mentioned in conjunction with Adullam, Socoh and Azekah, and in Neh 11:29 with Zorah, Zanoah and Adullam. Cheyne (Encyclopedia Biblica) suggests that the "Maroth" of Mic 1:12 may be a copyist's error for Jarmuth. In Eusebius, Onomasticon (OS2 132 31; 266 38) mention is made of a Iermochos, or Jermucha, 10 Roman miles Northeast of Eleutheropolis (Beit Jibrin), The site of this once important place is Khirbet el Yarmuk, a ruin, with many old walls and cisterns, on the top of a hill 1,465 ft. above sealevel. It is nearly 2 miles Northwest of Belt Nattif, from which it is visible, and 8 1/2 miles, as measured on map, N.N.E. of Belt Jibrin. Compare PEF, III, 128, Sh XVIII.
(2) A city of Issachar belonging to the "children of Gershon, of the families of the Levites" (Josh 21:29); in the duplicate list in 1 Ch 6:73 we have Ramoth, while in the Septuagint version of Josh 21:29 we have, in different VSS, Rhemmath or Iermoth. In Josh 19:21 "Remeth" occurs (in Hebrew) in the lists of cities of Issachar; in the Septuagint Rhemmas or Rhamath. The name was probably "Remeth" or "Ramoth," but the place has never been identified with any certainty.
E. W. G. Masterman