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HEBREW: 2995 lanby Yabn@'el 2996 hnby Yabneh
NAVE: Jabneel Jabneh
EBD: Jabneel Jabneh
SMITH: JABNEEL JABNEH
ISBE: JABNEEL; JABNEH
Jabbok | Jabbok River | Jabesh | Jabez | Jabin | Jabneel | Jacan | Jachan | Jachin and Boaz | Jacimus | Jacinth

Jabneel

In Bible versions:

Jabneel: NET AVS NIV NRSV NASB TEV
Jabneh: NET AVS NIV NRSV NASB TEV
a town between Joppa and Ashdod on the NW border of Judah (OS)
a town of Naphtali 7 km east of the southern tip of Lake Galilee

building of God
he that understands; building ( --> same as Jabin)
Google Maps: Jabneel (1) (31° 51´, 34° 44´); Jabneel (2) (32° 42´, 35° 30´); Jabneh (31° 51´, 34° 44´)

Hebrew

Strongs #02995: lanby Yabn@'el

Jabneel = "God causes to build"

1) a town in Judah on the northern boundary near the sea
2) a town in Naphtali on the boundary in upper Galilee

2995 Yabn'el yab-neh-ale'

from 1129 and 410: built of God; Jabneel, the name of two
places in Palestine:-Jabneel.
see HEBREW for 01129
see HEBREW for 0410

Strongs #02996: hnby Yabneh

Jabneh = "building of God"

1) a Philistine city

2996 Yabneh yab-neh'

from 1129; a building; Jabneh, a place in Palestine:-Jabneh.
see HEBREW for 01129

Jabneel [EBD]

built by God. (1.) A town in the north boundary of Judah (Josh. 15:11), called afterwards by the Greeks Jamnia, the modern Yebna, 11 miles south of Jaffa. After the fall of Jerusalem (A.D. 70), it became one of the most populous cities of Judea, and the seat of a celebrated school.

(2.) A town on the border of Naphtali (Josh. 19:33). Its later name was Kefr Yemmah, "the village by the sea," on the south shore of Lake Merom.

Jabneh [EBD]

building, (2 Chr. 26:6), identical with Jabneel (Josh. 15:11).

Jabneel [NAVE]

JABNEEL
1. A city in Judah, Josh. 15:11.
2. A city of Naphtali, Josh. 19:33.

Jabneh [NAVE]

JABNEH, a Philistine city, 2 Chr. 26:6.

JABNEEL [SMITH]

(building of God).
  1. One of the points on the northern boundary of Judah, not quite at the sea, though near it. (Joshua 15:11) There is no sign, however, of its ever having been occupied by Judah. Josephus attributes it to the Danites. There was a constant struggle going on between that tribe and the Philistines for the possession of all the places in the lowland plains, and it is not surprising that the next time we meet with Jabneel it should be in the hands of the latter. (2 Chronicles 26:6) Uzziah dispossessed them of it and demolished its fortifications. Called also JABNEH. At the time of the fall of Jerusalem, Jabneh was one of the most populous places of Judea. The modern village of Yebna , more accurately Ibna , stands about two miles from the sea, on a slight eminence just south of the Nahr Rubin .
  2. One of the landmarks on the boundary of Naphtali, (Joshua 19:33) in upper Galilee.

JABNEH [SMITH]

(building of God), (2 Chronicles 26:6) [JABNEEL]

JABNEEL; JABNEH [ISBE]

JABNEEL; JABNEH - jab'-ne-el, jab'-ne (yabhne'el, "God is builder"; Septuagint Lebna, Swete reads Lemna; the Apocrypha has Iamnia, Iamneia):

(1) A town on the northern border of the land assigned to Judah, near the western sea, mentioned in connection with Ekron (Josh 15:11). The place is now represented by the modern village of Yebna which stands upon a hill a little to the South of the Nahr Rubin, about 12 or 13 miles South of Jaffa, on the road from there to Askelon, and about 4 miles from the sea. It had a port, now called Mina Rubin, a short distance South of the mouth of the river, some remains of which still exist. Its harbor was superior to that of Jaffa (PEFS, 1875, 167-68). It does not occur in the Hebrew text of the Old Testament except in the passage mentioned, but it appears under the form "Jabneh" (yabhneh) in 2 Ch 26:6, as is evident from the mention of Gath and Ashdod in connection with it. The Septuagint reads Gemna (Jabneh) where the Hebrew reads wa-yammah, "even unto the sea," in Josh 15:46, where Ekron and Ashdod and other cities and villages are mentioned as belonging to Judah's inheritance. Josephus (Ant., V, i, 22) assigns it to the tribe of Dan. We have no mention of its being captured by Joshua or occupied by Judah until the reign of Uzziah who captured it and demolished its wall, in connection with his war upon the Philistines (2 Ch 26:6). The position of Jabneel was strong and was the scene of many contests, both in the period of the monarchy and that of the Maccabees. It is mentioned frequently in the account of the wars of the latter with the Syrians. It was garrisoned by the Seleucid kings, and served as a base for raiding the territory of Judah. When Judas Maccabeus defeated Gorgias and the Syrians he pursued them to the plains of Jabneel, but did not take the fortress (1 Macc 4:15). Gorgias was there attacked by the Jewish generals Joseph and Azarias, contrary to Judas' orders, who were repulsed with loss (1 Macc 5:56-60; Josephus, Ant, XII, viii, 6). Apollonius occupied it for King Demetrius (1 Macc 10:69); and Cendebeus for Antiochus, and from there harassed the Jews (1 Macc 15:40). Judas burned the port and navy of Jabneel (2 Macc 12:8-9). It was taken by Simon in 142 BC (Josephus, Ant, XIII, vi, 7; BJ, I, ii, 2), together with Gazara and Joppa, but was restored to its inhabitants by Pompey in 62 BC (Ant., XIV, iv, 4), and was rebuilt by Gabinius in 57 BC (BJ, I, viii, 4). It was restored to the Jews by Augustus in 30 AD. Herod gave it to his sister Salome and she bequeathed it to Julia, the wife of Augustus (Ant., XVIII, ii, 2; BJ, II, ix, 1). The town and region were prosperous in Roman times, and when Jerusalem was besieged by Titus the Sanhedrin removed to Jabneel, and it afterward became the seat of a great rabbinical school (Milman, History of the Jews, II, 411-12), but was suppressed in the persecution under Hadrian. Antonius allowed it to be revived, but it was again suppressed because of hostile language on the part of the rabbis (ibid., 451-52). The Crusaders built there the castle of Ibelin, supposing it to be the site of Gath. It was occupied by the Saracens, and various inscriptions in Arabic of the 13th and 14th centuries have been found there (SWP, II, 441-42).

(2) A town of Naphtali mentioned in Josh 19:33, and supposed to be the site of the modern Yemma, Southwest of the sea of Galilee (SWP, I, 365). It is the Kefr Yama of the Talmud

H. Porter




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