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In Bible versions:

Jabesh Gilead: NET NIV
Jabesh-Gilead: AVS TEV
Jabesh-gilead: NRSV NASB
a town of Gilead 20 km SE of Beth-Shan
father of king Shallum

dryness; confusion; shame
NETBible Maps: Map4 F1 ; Map5 C3
Google Maps: Jabesh (32° 22´, 35° 36´); Jabesh-gilead (32° 22´, 35° 36´)
Arts Topics: The City of Jabesh Rescued


Strongs #03003: vby Yabesh (also vyby Yabeysh often with the addition of 01568, i.e. Jabesh of Gilad)

Jabesh = "dry"

n pr loc
1) a town in the territory of Gilead; according to Eusebius, it is
beyond the Jordan, 6 miles (10 km) from Pella, on the mountain
road to Gerasa; site unknown but may be modern 'Wadi Yabes'

n pr m
2) father of Shallum, the 15th king of the northern kingdom

3003 Yabesh yaw-bashe'

the same as 3002 (also Yabeysh {yaw-bashe'}; often with the
addition of 1568, i.e. Jabesh of Gilad); Jobesh, the name of
an Israelite and of a place in Palestine:-Jobesh ((-Gilead)).
see HEBREW for 03002
see HEBREW for 01568

Jabesh [EBD]

dry. (1.) For Jabesh-Gilead (1 Sam. 11:3,9,10).

(2.) The father of Shallum (2 Kings 15:10, 13, 14), who usurped the throne of Israel on the death of Zachariah.

Jabesh-Gilead [EBD]

a town on the east of Jordan, on the top of one of the green hills of Gilead, within the limits of the half tribe of Manasseh, and in full view of Beth-shan. It is first mentioned in connection with the vengeance taken on its inhabitants because they had refused to come up to Mizpeh to take part with Israel against the tribe of Benjamin (Judg. 21:8-14). After the battles at Gibeah, that tribe was almost extinguished, only six hundred men remaining. An expedition went against Jabesh-Gilead, the whole of whose inhabitants were put to the sword, except four hundred maidens, whom they brought as prisoners and sent to "proclaim peace" to the Benjamites who had fled to the crag Rimmon. These captives were given to them as wives, that the tribe might be saved from extinction (Judg. 21).

This city was afterwards taken by Nahash, king of the Ammonites, but was delivered by Saul, the newly-elected king of Israel. In gratitude for this deliverance, forty years after this, the men of Jabesh-Gilead took down the bodies of Saul and of his three sons from the walls of Beth-shan, and after burning them, buried the bones under a tree near the city (1 Sam. 31:11-13). David thanked them for this act of piety (2 Sam. 2:4-6), and afterwards transferred the remains to the royal sepulchre (21:14). It is identified with the ruins of ed-Deir, about 6 miles south of Pella, on the north of the Wady Yabis.

Jabesh-gilead [NAVE]

A city E. of the Jordan, Judg. 21:8-15.
Besieged by the Ammonites, 1 Sam. 11:1-11.
Saul and his sons buried at, 1 Sam. 31:11-13; 1 Chr. 10:11, 12; 2 Sam. 2:4.
Bones of Saul and his son removed from, by David, and buried at Zelah, 2 Sam. 21:12-14.


  1. Father of Shallum, the fifteenth king of Israel. (2 Kings 15:10,13,14)
  2. Jabesh-gilead, or Jabesh in the territory of Gilead. In its widest sense Gilead included the half tribe of Manasseh, (1 Chronicles 27:21) as well as the tribes of Gad and Reuben, (Numbers 32:1-42) east of the Jordan; and of the cities of Gilead, Jabesh was the chief. It is first mentioned in (Judges 21:8-14) Being attacked subsequently by Nahash the Ammonite, it gave Saul an opportunity of displaying his prowess in its defence. (1 Samuel 11:1-15) Eusebius places it beyond the Jordan, six miles from Pella on the mountain road to Gerasa; where its name is probably preserved in the Wady Yabes.


JABESH - ja'-besh (yabhesh): A short form of JABESH-GILEAD (which see).


JABESH-GILEAD - ja'-besh-gil'-e-ad (yabhesh gil`adh; or simply yabhish, "dry"): A city East of the Jordan, in the deliverance of which from Nahash the Ammonite Saul's military prowess was first displayed (1 Sam 11:1 ff). At an earlier time the inhabitants failed to share with their brethren in taking vengeance upon Benjamin. This laxity was terribly punished, only 400 virgins being spared alive, who afterward became wives to the Benjamites (Jdg 21). The gratitude of the inhabitants to Saul was affectingly proved after the disaster to that monarch on Gilboa (1 Sam 31). David, hearing of their deed, sent an approving message, and sought to win their loyalty to himself (2 Sam 2:4 ff). Robinson (Biblical Researches, III, 39) thought it might be represented by ed-Deir, about 6 miles from Pella (Fachil), on the southern bank of Wady Yabis. The distance from Pella agrees with the statement of Eusebius, Onomasticon (s.v.). Others (Oliphant, Land of Gilead, 277 f; Merrill, East of Jordan, 430, etc.) would identify it with the ruins of Meriamin, about 3 miles Southeast of Pella, on the North of Wady Yabis. The site remains in doubt; but the ancient name still lingers in that of the valley, the stream from which enters the Jordan fully 9 miles Southeast of Beisan.

W. Ewing

TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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