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EBD: Evening
ISBE: EVEN; EVENING; EVENTIDE
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Evening

Evening [EBD]

the period following sunset with which the Jewish day began (Gen. 1:5; Mark 13:35). The Hebrews reckoned two evenings of each day, as appears from Ex. 16:12: 30:8; 12:6 (marg.); Lev. 23:5 (marg. R.V., "between the two evenings"). The "first evening" was that period when the sun was verging towards setting, and the "second evening" the moment of actual sunset. The word "evenings" in Jer. 5:6 should be "deserts" (marg. R.V.).

EVEN; EVENING; EVENTIDE [ISBE]

EVEN; EVENING; EVENTIDE - e'-v'-n, ev'-ning, ev-'-n-tid' ("even," "evening," 'erebh; opsia, opse; see Thayer under the word): The words are used in slightly different meanings: (1) The time of sunset, the beginning of the Hebrew day, as in Lev 15, where directions are given for the removal of uncleanness, which took place at sunset. (2) Twilight, the time of approaching darkness when lamps are lighted; Ex 30:8 (literally, "between the two evenings"); Jer 6:4 ("the shadows of the evening"). (3) The early part of the night (Prov 7:9; Ezek 12:7). The Greek opse is literally, "late" (Mk 11:19). The Greek hespera, refers evidently to sunset, in Lk 24:29. "Eventide," `eth `erebh, "time of evening" (2 Sam 11:2; Isa 17:14). "Evening," used in connection with wolves (Jer 5:6; Zeph 3:3), is from the Hebrew [`arabhah], which may mean "darkness" or "dark cloud," but more probably "plain" or "desert."

H. Porter


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