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HEBREW: 445 Nnxla 'Elchanan
NAVE: Elhanan
EBD: Elhanan
Eleph | Elephant | Elephantine | Eleutherus | Eleven, the | Elhanan | Eli, Eli, Lama Sabachthani | Eli, Eli, Lama, Sabachthani | Eliab | Eliada | Eliadas


In Bible versions:

son of Jaare-Oregim "the Bethlehemite", or Jair
son of Dodo of Bethlehem; one of David's military elite

grace, or gift, or mercy of God


Strongs #0445: Nnxla 'Elchanan

Elhanan = "God has been gracious"

1) Jair's son who fought the Gittites
2) Dodo's son who was a chief of David

445 'Elchanan el-khaw-nawn'

from 410 and 2603; God (is) gracious; Elchanan, an
see HEBREW for 0410
see HEBREW for 02603

Elhanan [EBD]

whom God has graciously bestowed. (1.) A warrior of the time of David famed for his exploits. In the Authorized Version (2 Sam. 21:19) it is recorded that "Elhanan the son of Jaare-oregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath." The Revised Version here rightly omits the words "the brother of." They were introduced in the Authorized Version to bring this passage into agreement with 1 Chr. 20:5, where it is said that he "slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath." Goliath the Gittite was killed by David (1 Sam. 17). The exploit of Elhanan took place late in David's reign.

(2.) The son of Dodo, and one of David's warriors (2 Sam. 23:24).

Elhanan [NAVE]

1. A distinguished warrior in the time of David, who killed Lahmi, the brother of Goliath, the Gittite, 2 Sam. 21:19.
Compare 1 Chr. 20:5.
2. Son of Dodo, one of David's heroes, 2 Sam. 23:24; 1 Chr. 11:26.


(the grace of God).
  1. A distinguished warrior in the time of King David, who performed a memorable exploit against the Philistines. (2 Samuel 21:19; 1 Chronicles 20:5) (B.C. about 1020.)
  2. One of "the thirty" of David?s guard, and named first on the list. (2 Samuel 23:24; 1 Chronicles 11:26)


ELHANAN - el-ha'-nan ('elchanan, "whom God gave"):

(1) A great warrior in the army of David who slew a Philistine giant. There is a discrepancy between 2 Sam 21:19 and 1 Ch 20:5. In the former passage we read, "And there was again war with the Philistines at Gob; and Elhanan, the son of Jaare-oregim the Beth-lehemite, slew Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam"; while in the latter we are told, "And there was again war with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam." Most modern critics prefer as the original text of the latter part of the two discrepant statements the following: "and Elhanan the son of Jair the Beth-lehemite slew Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam." It is contended that the Chronicler slightly modified the text before him, in order to bring it into harmony with 1 Sam 17, where David is said to have slain a Philistine giant Goliath. There is almost unanimous agreement that "Jaare-oregim" is a corrupt reading, and the "Jair" in 1 Ch is to be preferred. From Jerome to the present some scholars identify Elhanan with David, and thus remove the discrepancy. Ewald ( Hist, III, 70) argued that the name "Goliath" was inserted in 1 Sam 17 and 21 by the narrators whose compositions are embodied in Samuel, Elhanan being the real victor over Goliath, while David's antagonist was simply called "the Philistine."

(2) The son of Dodo of Bethlehem, one of David's mighty men (2 Sam 23:24; 1 Ch 11:26). Some moderns think that there was only one Elhanan, and that he was the son of Dodo of the clan of Jair.

John Richard Sampey

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