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HEBREW: 4029 rda-ldgm Migdal-`Eder 5740 rde `Eder 5738 rde `Eder
NAVE: Eder
EBD: Eder
SMITH: EDER
ISBE: EDER (1) EDER (2)
Edar, Tower Of | Eddias | Eddinus | Eden, Children Of | Eden, House Of | Eder | Edes | Edge | Edification | Edna | Edom, Idumaea Or Idumea

Eder

In Bible versions:

Eder: NET AVS NIV NRSV NASB TEV
Migdal Eder: NIV
a place with a watch tower
a town of south-eastern Judah
son of Beriah of Benjamin
son of Mushi son of Merari son of Levi

a flock
Google Maps: Eder (1) (31° 42´, 35° 12´); Eder (2) (31° 11´, 34° 58´)

Hebrew

Strongs #04029: rda-ldgm Migdal-`Eder

Migdal-eder = "tower of the flock"

1) a shepherd's watchtower near Bethlehem

4029 Migdal-`Eder mig-dal'-ay'-der

from 4026 and 5739; tower of a flock; Migdal-Eder, a place in
Palestine:-Migdal-eder, tower of the flock.
see HEBREW for 04026
see HEBREW for 05739

Strongs #05740: rde `Eder

Eder = "a flock"

n pr m
1) a Merarite Levite in the time of David

n pr loc
2) a town in the extreme south of Judah on the border of Edom; site
unknown

5740 `Eder ay'-der

the same as 5739; Eder, the name of an Israelite and of two
places in Palestine:-Edar, Eder.
see HEBREW for 05739

Strongs #05738: rde `Eder

Ader = "flock"

1) a Benjamite, son of Beriah, chief of the inhabitants of Aijalon
1a) also 'Eder'

5738 `Eder eh'-der

from 5737; an arrangement (i.e. drove); Eder, an
Israelite:-Ader.
see HEBREW for 05737

Eder [EBD]

flock. (1.) A city in the south of Judah, on the border of Idumea (Josh. 15:21).

(2.) The second of the three sons of Mushi, of the family of Merari, appointed to the Levitical office (1 Chr. 23:23; 24:30).

Eder [NAVE]

EDER, called also Edar. 1. A place near Ephrath, Gen. 35:21.
2. A city of Judah, Josh. 15:21.
3. A grandson of Merari, 1 Chr. 23:23; 24:30.

EDER [SMITH]

(a flock).
  1. One of the towns of Judah, in the extreme south, and on the borders of Edom. (Joshua 15:21) No trace of it has been discovered in modern times.
  2. A Levite of the family of Merari, in the time of David. (1 Chronicles 23:23; 24:30)

EDER (1) [ISBE]

EDER (1) - e'-der ('edher, "flock"):

(1) One of the "uttermost cities" of Judah in the Negeb ("South") near the border of Edom (Josh 15:21), possibly Kh. el `Adar, 5 miles South of Gaza, but probably this is too far west. (2) Eder (the King James Version Edar) or better Migdal Eder, mighdal `edher, "the tower of the flock"; Gader. After Rachel died and was buried "in the way to Ephrath (the same is Bethlehem) .... Israel journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Eder" (Gen 35:19,21). In Gen 35:27 he is described as proceeding to Hebron. This "tower of the flock," which may have been only a tower and no town, must therefore be looked for between Bethlehem and Hebron. Jerome says that it was one Roman mile from Bethlehem. In the Septuagint, however, 35:16 and 21 are transposed, which suggests that there may have been a tradition that Migdal Eder was between Bethel and Bethlehem. There must have been many such towers for guarding flocks against robbers. Compare "tower of the watchman" (2 Ki 18:8, etc.). The phrase "Migdal Eder" occurs in Mic 4:8 where Jerusalem is compared to such a tower.

E. W. G. Masterman

EDER (2) [ISBE]

EDER (2) - e'-der (`edher, "flock").

(1) A Merarite Levite in the days of David (1 Ch 23:23; 24:30); son of Mushi.

(2) A Benjamite (1 Ch 8:15, the King James Version "Ader").




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