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HEBREW: 3756 ymrk Karmiy
NAVE: Carmi
EBD: Carmi
Carians | Carmanians | Carme | Carmel | Carmel, Mt. (Range) | Carmi | Carmites | Carmonians | Carnaim | Carnal | Carnal Mindedness


In Bible versions:

son of Zimri (Zerah Judah); father of Achan of Moses time
son of Hezron (Perez Judah); ancestor of Bezalel of Moses time
son of Reuben son of Jacob

my vineyard; lamb of the waters


Strongs #03756: ymrk Karmiy

Carmi = "my vineyard"

1) the 4th son of Reuben and progenitor of the Carmites
2) a Judaite, father of Achan, the 'troubler of Israel' in the time
of Joshua

3756 Karmiy kar-mee'

from 3754; gardener; Karmi, the name of three
see HEBREW for 03754

Carmi [EBD]

vine-dresser. (1.) The last named of the four sons of Reuben (Gen. 46:9).

(2.) A descendant of Judah (1 Chr. 4:1). He is elsewhere (2:18) called Caleb (q.v.).

(3.) The son of Zimri, and the father of Achan (Josh. 7:1), "the troubler of Israel."

Carmi [NAVE]

1. Son of Reuben, Gen. 46:9; Ex. 6:14.
2. Son of Hezron, 1 Chr. 4:1.
Called Chelubai, 1 Chr. 2:9, and Caleb, v. 18.
3. Father of Achan, Josh. 7:1, 18; 1 Chr. 2:7.


(vine dresser).
  1. The fourth son of Reuben, the progenitor of the family of the Carmites. (Genesis 46:9; Exodus 6:14; Numbers 26:6; 1 Chronicles 5:3)
  2. A man of the tribe of Judah, father of Achan, the "troubler of Israel." (Joshua 7:1,18; 1 Chronicles 2:7; 4:1)


CARMI - kar'-mi (karmi, "fruitful," "noble"):

(1) A son of Reuben who came to Egypt with Jacob (Gen 46:9; Ex 6:14; 1 Ch 5:3). Also the name of a family of which Carmi was the head (Nu 26:6).

(2) A Judahite (1 Ch 2:7), son of Zabdi, according to Josh 7:1, and father of Achan, who is given the name of "Achar" in 1 Ch 2:7. This last form "Achar" is preferred to the usual "Achan" in order to bring out the play on the Hebrew word for "troubler." The Hebrew runs `akhar `okher yisra'el, "Achar, the troubler of Israel." As regards the phrase "the sons of Carmi" (1 Ch 2:7), Carmi is probably to be taken as the son of Zimri (= Zabdi, Josh 7:1). The Targum, however, has "Carmi who is Zimri." The Septuagint identifies Zimri and Zabdi.

(3) In 1 Ch 4:1, Carmi, elsewhere called son of Zabdi or Zimri, is made son of Judah; but Wellhausen correctly changes "Carmi" to "Chelubai" (compare 1 Ch 2:9).

Horace J. Wolf

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