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NAVE: Bath-sheba
EBD: Bath-sheba
ISBE: BATH-SHEBA
Bath | Bath Kol | Bath, Bathing | Bath-Rabbim | Bath-Rabbim, The Gate Of | Bath-sheba | Bath-Zacharias | Bathrabbim | Baths | Bathshua | Bathsuha

Bath-sheba

Bath-sheba [EBD]

daughter of the oath, or of seven, called also Bath-shu'a (1 Chr. 3:5), was the daughter of Eliam (2 Sam. 11:3) or Ammiel (1 Chr. 3:5), and wife of Uriah the Hittite. David committed adultery with her (2 Sam. 11:4, 5; Ps. 51:1). The child born in adultery died (2 Sam. 12:15-19). After her husband was slain (11:15) she was married to David (11:27), and became the mother of Solomon (12:24; 1 Kings 1:11; 2:13). She took a prominent part in securing the succession of Solomon to the throne (1 Kings 1:11, 16-21).

Bath-sheba [NAVE]

BATH-SHEBA, wife of Uriah and later wife of David. Called Bath-shua, 1 Chr. 3:5.
Adultery of, 2 Sam. 11:2-5.
Solomon's mother, 1 Kin. 1:11-31; 2:13-21; 1 Chr. 3:5.

BATH-SHEBA [ISBE]

BATH-SHEBA - bath-she'-ba, bath'-she-ba (bath-shebha`, "the seventh daughter," or "the daughter of an oath," also called Bathshua bath-shua`, "the daughter of opulence" (1 Ch 3:5); the Septuagint however reads Bersabee everywhere; compare BATHSHUA; HPN, 65, 67, 77, 206 for Bath-sheba, and 67, 69, note 3, for Bathshua): Bath-sheba was the daughter of Eliam (2 Sam 11:3) or Ammiel (1 Ch 3:5); both names have the same meaning. She was the beautiful wife of Uriah the Hittite, and because of her beauty was forced by David to commit adultery (2 Sam 11:2 ff; Ps 51). Her husband Uriah was treacherously killed by the order of David (2 Sam 11:6 ff). After the death of her husband David made her his wife and she lived with him in the palace (2 Sam 11:27). Four sons sprang from this marriage (2 Sam 5:14; 1 Ch 3:5), after the first child, the adulterine, had died (2 Sam 12:14 ff). With the help of the prophet Nathan she renders futile the usurpation of Adonijah and craftily secures the throne for her son Solomon (1 Ki 1:11 ff). Later Adonijah succeeds in deceiving Bath-sheba, but his plan is frustrated by the king (1 Ki 2:13 ff). According to Jewish tradition, Prov 31 is written by Solomon in memory of his mother. In the genealogy of Jesus (Mt 16) Bath-sheba is mentioned as the former wife of Uriah and the mother of Solomon by David.

See ADONIJAH; AMMIEL; BATHSHUA; DAVID; ELIAM; NATHAN; SOLOMON.

A. L. Breslich




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